merda

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Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Old Catalan merda, from Latin merda, from Proto-Italic *(s)merdā, from Proto-Indo-European *smerd-h₂- (stench). Compare Occitan mèrda, French merde, Spanish mierda.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

merda f (plural merdes)

  1. (slang, vulgar) dung, excrement, shit

Related terms[edit]


Esperanto[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From merdo +‎ -a.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

merda (accusative singular merdan, plural merdaj, accusative plural merdajn)

  1. (vulgar, proscribed) shitty
    • 2009, “Fek al Esperanto!”, in Fek al Esperanto![1], performed by La Pafklik:
      Mi parolas pri merda lingvo
      Elpensita de stulta avo
      I'm talking about a shitty language
      Thought up by a stupid grandpa

French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

merda

  1. third-person singular past historic of merder

Anagrams[edit]


Galician[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Galician and Old Portuguese *merda, from Latin merda, from Proto-Italic *(s)merdā, from Proto-Indo-European *smerd-h₂- (stench).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

merda f (plural merdas)

  1. (vulgar) shit, dung, excrement
    Synonyms: bosta, caca, cagalla, cagallón, excremento, feces, frasca, zorollo
  2. (vulgar) dirt
    Synonyms: cotra, porcallada, sucidade
  3. (vulgar, figuratively) crap (all senses)
    Synonyms: caca, porcallada, trapallada

Related terms[edit]

Interjection[edit]

merda!

  1. (vulgar) shit!, rats!, crap!
    Synonym: corno

References[edit]

  • merda” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006–2016.
  • merda” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006–2013.
  • merda” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • merda” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

Interlingua[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Italian merda, French merde, Spanish mierda, and Portuguese merda.

Noun[edit]

merda (plural merdas)

  1. (vulgar) shit

Synonyms[edit]


Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin merda, from Proto-Italic *(s)merdā, from Proto-Indo-European *smerd-h₂- (stench).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

merda f (plural merde)

  1. (vulgar, slang, figuratively) shit, crap (all senses)

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Alemannic German: merde
  • Aromanian: merdu

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *(s)merdā, from Proto-Indo-European *(s)merd-h₂- (stench), related to Proto-Slavic *smordъ (stink, odor) (Czech, Slovene, Serbo-Croatian smrad, Serbo-Croatian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Russian смрад (smrad), Polish smród), as well as Latvian smards (odor), Lithuanian smirdėti.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

merda f (genitive merdae); first declension

  1. (slang, vulgar) dung, excrement, shit
    • 1st c. CE, anonymous graffito in Pompeii:
      Ut merdas edatis, qui scripseras sopionis
      You who have drawn pictures of penises, eat shit!
    • 1499, Erasmus, Letter to Faustus Andrelinus, lauded poet :
      Nos in Anglia nonnihil promovimus. [] Tu quoque, si sapis, huc advolabis. Quid ita te iuvat hominem tam nasutum inter merdas Gallicas consenescere?
      We have made some progress in England. [] You, too, if you're wise, will "fly" your way here. What pleases you, a man of such great wit, about growing old in French shit?

Declension[edit]

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative merda merdae
Genitive merdae merdārum
Dative merdae merdīs
Accusative merdam merdās
Ablative merdā merdīs
Vocative merda merdae

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • merda in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • merda in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • merda in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • merda in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette

Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈmɛr.da/
  • Rhymes: -ɛrda
  • Syllabification: mer‧da

Verb[edit]

merda

  1. third-person singular present of merdać

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Portuguese merda, from Latin merda, from Proto-Italic *(s)merdā, from Proto-Indo-European *smerd-h₂- (stench).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

  • (Nordestino) IPA(key): [ˈmɛɦdɐ]
  • (Caipira) IPA(key): [ˈmɛɹdɐ]
  • Hyphenation: mer‧da

Noun[edit]

merda f (plural merdas)

  1. (vulgar, uncountable) shit; faeces (excretory product evacuated from the bowels)
    Synonyms: (vulgar) bosta, (childish) cocô, excremento, fezes
  2. (vulgar) a chunk of shit
    Synonyms: cocô, (rare) fez
  3. (vulgar) piece of shit (an object of poor quality)
    O teu trabalho é uma merda.
    Your work is shit!
    Synonyms: bosta, porcaria
  4. (vulgar, slang, followed by alguma or nenhuma) shit (anything)
    Fiquei aqui o dia todo e não fiz merda nenhuma.
    I stayed here all day long and didn't do shit.
  5. (figuratively, slang) A state of misery or penury
    Nós nunca conseguimos sair da merda.
    We never made it out of this misery.
    Synonyms: miséria, pobreza, necessidade, penúria


Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

merda m, f (plural merdas)

  1. (vulgar) a worthless or cowardly person

Interjection[edit]

merda

  1. (vulgar) shit! (expression of worry, failure, shock, etc.)
    Synonyms: bosta, caralho, (Brazil) cacete
  2. (dated, theater) break a leg! (a superstitious expression of encouragement prior to a performance)