ruim

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -œy̯m
  • IPA(key): /rœy̯m/

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch ruum, from Old Dutch *rūm, from Proto-Germanic *rūmaz.

Adjective[edit]

ruim (comparative ruimer, superlative ruimst)

  1. spacious, roomy
    Antonyms: eng, nauw, krap
  2. large, wide
  3. ample, generous
    Die portie is ruim bemeten.
    That portion is amply measured.
Inflection[edit]
Inflection of ruim
uninflected ruim
inflected ruime
comparative ruimer
positive comparative superlative
predicative/adverbial ruim ruimer het ruimst
het ruimste
indefinite m./f. sing. ruime ruimere ruimste
n. sing. ruim ruimer ruimste
plural ruime ruimere ruimste
definite ruime ruimere ruimste
partitive ruims ruimers
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Adverb[edit]

ruim

  1. more than, over, easily
    Het weegt ruim een ton.
    It weighs over a ton.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Dutch ruum, from Old Dutch *rūm, from *rūmą.

Noun[edit]

ruim n (plural ruimen, diminutive ruimpje n)

  1. (with definite article) The wide, open space
  2. (nautical) A cargo hold

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Verb[edit]

ruim

  1. first-person singular present indicative of ruimen
  2. imperative of ruimen

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From ruína, or from a Vulgar Latin root *ruīnus, ultimately from Latin ruīna. Compare Spanish ruin, Catalan roí.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Portugal) IPA(key): /ʁuˈĩ/, /ruˈĩ/
  • (Brazil) IPA(key): /xu.ˈĩ/, /ˈxũ.ĩ/, /hu.ˈĩ/, /ˈhũ.ĩ/, /ruˈĩ/, /ˈrũ.ĩ/
  • Hyphenation: ru‧im

Adjective[edit]

ruim (plural ruins, comparable)

  1. bad
    1. unpleasant
    2. evil

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]