From Middle English wid, wyd, from Old English wīd (“wide, vast, broad, long; distant, far”), from Proto-Germanic *wīdaz, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁weydʰh₁- (“to separate, divide”), a dissimilated univerbation from *dwi- (“apart, asunder, in two”) + *dʰeh₁- (“to do, put, place”).
Cognate with Scots wyd, wid (“of great extent; vast”), West Frisian wiid (“broad; wide”), Dutch wijd (“wide; large; broad”), German weit (“far; wide; broad”), Danish vid (“wide”), Swedish vid (“wide”), Icelandic víður (“wide”), Latin dīvidō (“separate, sunder”), Latin vītō (“avoid, shun”). Related to widow.
- (Received Pronunciation, General American) IPA(key): /waɪd/
- (General Australian, New Zealand) IPA(key): /wɑed/
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- Rhymes: -aɪd
- Having a large physical extent from side to side.
- We walked down a wide corridor.
- Large in scope.
- 2013 July-August, Fenella Saunders, “Tiny Lenses See the Big Picture”, in American Scientist:
- The single-imaging optic of the mammalian eye offers some distinct visual advantages. Such lenses can take in photons from a wide range of angles, increasing light sensitivity. They also have high spatial resolution, resolving incoming images in minute detail.
- The inquiry had a wide remit.
- (sports) Operating at the side of the playing area.
- That team needs a decent wide player.
- On one side or the other of the mark; too far sideways from the mark, the wicket, the batsman, etc.
- Too bad! That was a great passing-shot, but it's wide.
- 1596 (date written; published 1633), Edmund Spenser, A Vewe of the Present State of Irelande […], Dublin: […] Societie of Stationers, […], →OCLC; republished as A View of the State of Ireland […] (Ancient Irish Histories), Dublin: […] Society of Stationers, […] Hibernia Press, […] [b]y John Morrison, 1809, →OCLC:
- Surely he shoots wide on the Bow-Hand.
- (phonetics, dated) Made, as a vowel, with a less tense, and more open and relaxed, condition of the organs in the mouth.
- (Scotland, Northern England, now rare) Vast, great in extent, extensive.
- The wide, lifeless expanse.
- (obsolete) Located some distance away; distant, far. [15th–19th c.]
- (obsolete) Far from truth, propriety, necessity, etc.
- 1549 April 22 (Gregorian calendar), Hughe Latymer [i.e., Hugh Latimer], Augustine Bernher, compiler, “[27 Sermons Preached by the Ryght Reuerende Father in God and Constant Matir of Iesus Christe, Maister Hugh Latimer, […].] The Syxte Sermon of Maister Hugh Latymer, whiche He Preached before K. Edward [VI], the XII. Day of Aprill.”, in Certayn Godly Sermons, Made uppon the Lords Prayer, […], London: […] John Day, […], published 1562, →OCLC, folio 75, verso:
- But I tell you, it is farre wyde, that the people haue ſuche iudgmentes, the Byſhoppes they coulde laughe at it.
- (computing) Of or supporting a greater range of text characters than can fit into the traditional 8-bit representation.
- a wide character; a wide stream
- (Britain, slang) Antagonistic, shrewd, unscrupulous, provocative.
- 1951, Josephine Tey, The Daughter of Time, page 31:
- But the first visitor to penetrate from the outside world proved to be Sergeant Williams; large and pink and scrubbed-looking; and for a little while Grant forgot about battles long ago and considered wide boys alive today.
- narrow (regarding empty area)
- thin (regarding occupied area)
- skinny (sometimes offensive, regarding body width)
- He travelled far and wide.
- He was wide awake.
- away from or to one side of a given goal
- The arrow fell wide of the mark.
- A few shots were fired but they all went wide.
- So as to leave or have a great space between the sides; so as to form a large opening.
wide (plural wides)
- (cricket) A ball that passes so far from the batsman that the umpire deems it unplayable; the arm signal used by an umpire to signal a wide; the extra run added to the batting side's score