From Middle English wid, wyd, from Old English wīd (“wide, vast, broad, long; distant, far”), from Proto-Germanic *wīdaz, from Proto-Indo-European *wī- (“apart, asunder, in two”), from Proto-Indo-European *weye- (“to drive, separate”).
Cognate with Scots wyd, wid (“of great extent; vast”), West Frisian wiid (“broad; wide”), Dutch wijd (“wide; large; broad”), German weit (“far; wide; broad”), Swedish vid (“wide”), Icelandic víður (“wide”), Latin dīvidō (“separate, sunder”), Latin vītō (“avoid, shun”). Related to widow.
- (Received Pronunciation, General American) IPA(key): /waɪd/
- (General Australian, General New Zealand) IPA(key): /wɑed/
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- Rhymes: -aɪd
- Having a large physical extent from side to side.
- We walked down a wide corridor.
- Large in scope.
- 2013 July-August, Fenella Saunders, “Tiny Lenses See the Big Picture”, in American Scientist:
- The single-imaging optic of the mammalian eye offers some distinct visual advantages. Such lenses can take in photons from a wide range of angles, increasing light sensitivity. They also have high spatial resolution, resolving incoming images in minute detail.
- The inquiry had a wide remit.
- (sports) Operating at the side of the playing area.
- That team needs a decent wide player.
- On one side or the other of the mark; too far sideways from the mark, the wicket, the batsman, etc.
- Too bad! That was a great passing-shot, but it's wide.
- 1633, Edmund Spenser, A Vewe of the Present State of Irelande […], Dublin: […] Sir James Ware; reprinted as A View of the State of Ireland […], Dublin: […] the Society of Stationers, […] Hibernian Press, […] By John Morrison, 1809:
- Surely he shoots wide on the Bow-Hand.
- 1656, Thomas Middleton, William Rowley, and Philip Massinger, The Old Law
- I was but two bows wide.
- (phonetics, dated) Made, as a vowel, with a less tense, and more open and relaxed, condition of the organs in the mouth.
- (Scotland, Northern England, now rare) Vast, great in extent, extensive.
- The wide, lifeless expanse.
- (obsolete) Located some distance away; distant, far. [15th–19th c.]
- (obsolete) Far from truth, propriety, necessity, etc.
- April 12 1549, Hugh Latimer, sixth sermon preached before King Edward VI
- It is far wide that the people have such judgments.
- , George Herbert, [Nicholas Ferrar], editor, The Temple: Sacred Poems, and Private Ejaculations, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire: […] Thomas Buck and Roger Daniel; and are to be sold by Francis Green, […], OCLC 1048966979; reprinted London: Elliot Stock, […], 1885, OCLC 54151361:
- How wide is all this long pretence!
- (computing) Of or supporting a greater range of text characters than can fit into the traditional 8-bit representation.
- a wide character; a wide stream
- narrow (regarding empty area)
- thin (regarding occupied area)
- skinny (sometimes offensive, regarding body width)
- He travelled far and wide.
- He was wide awake.
- away from or to one side of a given goal
- The arrow fell wide of the mark.
- A few shots were fired but they all went wide.
- So as to leave or have a great space between the sides; so as to form a large opening.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Shakespeare to this entry?)
wide (plural wides)
- (cricket) A ball that passes so far from the batsman that the umpire deems it unplayable; the arm signal used by an umpire to signal a wide; the extra run added to the batting side's score