pana

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Anguthimri[edit]

Noun[edit]

pana

  1. (Mpakwithi) friend

References[edit]

  • Terry Crowley, The Mpakwithi dialect of Anguthimri (1981), page 187

Apalaí[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Cariban *pana; cognate to Ye'kwana jana (ear).

Noun[edit]

pana

  1. ear

Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French panne.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pana f (plural panes)

  1. corduroy
  2. (automotive) breakdown
    Synonym: avaria

Further reading[edit]

Cebuano[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *panaq, from Proto-Austronesian *panaq.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: pa‧na

Noun[edit]

pana

  1. arrow

Verb[edit]

pana

  1. to shoot with a bow and arrow

Etymology 2[edit]

Unknown

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: pa‧na

Adjective[edit]

pana

  1. crazed

Etymology 3[edit]

From dala.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: pa‧na

Verb[edit]

pana

  1. (eye-dialect) bring someone or something

Chavacano[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Cebuano pana (arrow).

Noun[edit]

panà

  1. arrow; dart

Czech[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pana

  1. genitive/accusative singular of pan

French[edit]

Verb[edit]

pana

  1. third-person singular past historic of paner

Galician[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ultimately from French panne (plush velvet).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pana f (plural panas)

  1. velour, corduroy

References[edit]

Greenlandic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Inuit *pana (spear, lance, large knife), from Proto-Eskimo *pana (spear, lance, knife).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pana (plural panat)

  1. sword, snow knife (big rounded knife for cutting snow or ice e.g. when building an igloo)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Hawaiian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Marquesic *pana, from Proto-Polynesian *fana, from Proto-Central Pacific *vana, from Proto-Oceanic *panaq, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *panaq (compare with Malay panah), from Proto-Austronesian *panaq.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈpa.na/, [ˈpɐ.nə]

Noun[edit]

pana

  1. bow
  2. weapon

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

pana

  1. to shoot
  2. to snap
  3. to flip

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Pukui, Mary Kawena; Elbert, Samuel H. (1986), “pana”, in Hawaiian Dictionary, Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press

Italian[edit]

Verb[edit]

pana

  1. inflection of panare:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

Karao[edit]

Noun[edit]

pana

  1. homemade spear gun (for catching fish)

Kari'na[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Cariban *pana; compare Apalaí pana, Trió pana, Wayana pana, Waiwai pana, Akawaio pana, Macushi pana, Pemon pana, Ye'kwana jana, Yao (South America) pannaëe.

Noun[edit]

pana (possessed panary)

  1. ear

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

pana (possessed panary)

  1. (Guyana, archaic) Alternative form of pawana (friend)

References[edit]

  • Courtz, Hendrik (2008) A Carib grammar and dictionary[1], Toronto: Magoria Books, →ISBN, page 335
  • Ahlbrinck, Willem (1931), “pana”, in Encyclopaedie der Karaïben, Amsterdam: Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen, page 357; republished as Willem Ahlbrinck, ; Doude van Herwijnen, transl., L'Encyclopédie des Caraïbes[2], Paris, 1956, page 349

Krisa[edit]

Noun[edit]

pana

  1. forehead

Lithuanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Polish panna.

Noun[edit]

panà f (plural pãnos) stress pattern 4

  1. unmarried woman, girl
  2. girlfriend

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • pana”, in lkz.lt [Dictionary of the Lithuanian language], lkz.lt, 1941–2024
  • pana”, in Dabartinės lietuvių kalbos žodynas [Dictionary of contemporary Lithuanian], ekalba.lt, 1954–2024

Occitan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French panne.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Noun[edit]

pana f (plural panas)

  1. breakdown (state of no longer functioning)

Paiwan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

pana

  1. river, stream

Pali[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Particle[edit]

pana

  1. but, yet, on the other hand
  2. moreover

Pangasinan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *panaq, from Proto-Austronesian *panaq.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: pa‧na
  • IPA(key): /paˈna/, [paˈna]

Noun[edit]

paná

  1. arrow

Derived terms[edit]

Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from German Panne, from French panne, from Old French panne, from Medieval Latin panna, from Latin penna.

Noun[edit]

pana f

  1. (Poznań) flat tire

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Pronoun[edit]

pana m

  1. genitive/accusative singular of pan

Further reading[edit]

  • pana in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese[edit]

Verb[edit]

pana

  1. inflection of panar:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English pan.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pana m (genitive singular pana, plural panaichean)

  1. pan

Synonyms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
pana phana
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Silesian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from German Panne.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈpana/
  • Rhymes: -ana
  • Syllabification: pa‧na

Noun[edit]

pana f

  1. flat tire

Further reading[edit]

  • pana in dykcjonorz.eu
  • pana in silling.org

Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈpana/ [ˈpa.na]
  • Rhymes: -ana
  • Syllabification: pa‧na

Noun[edit]

pana f (plural panas)

  1. breakdown (of vehicle)
  2. velour, corduroy
  3. (Puerto Rico) breadfruit
    Synonym: fruto del árbol del pan
  4. (Puerto Rico, Venezuela, Ecuador, slang) dude, friend
  5. (Chile) liver (used as food)
    Synonym: hígado

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Swahili[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

pana

  1. pa locative class subject inflected present affirmative of -wa na
    1. Locative (class 16) of kuwa na
    2. (in an exact location): there is/are

Related terms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

-pana (declinable)

  1. wide

Declension[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Swazi[edit]

Verb[edit]

-pána

  1. to tie up a cow

Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

Tagalog[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *panaq, from Proto-Austronesian *panaq. Compare Malay panah.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: pa‧na
  • IPA(key): /ˈpanaʔ/, [ˈpa.nɐʔ]

Noun[edit]

panà (Baybayin spelling ᜉᜈ)

  1. bow (weapon)
    Synonym: busog

Derived terms[edit]

West Makian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ultimately from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *panaq.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pana

  1. a bow

Verb[edit]

pana

  1. (transitive) to shoot with a bow
    tapana meI shot him (with a bow)

Conjugation[edit]

Conjugation of pana (action verb)
singular plural
inclusive exclusive
1st person tapana mapana apana
2nd person napana fapana
3rd person inanimate ipana dapana
animate
imperative napana, pana fapana, pana

References[edit]

  • James Collins (1982) Further Notes Towards a West Makian Vocabulary[3], Pacific linguistics

Yogad[edit]

Noun[edit]

pana

  1. spear

Yoruba[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From pa (to extinguish, turn off) +‎ iná (fire, light).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

paná

  1. to extinguish a fire
  2. to turn off the lights

Derived terms[edit]