pani

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See also: PANI, paní, paňi, pañí, paṇi, páni, pânî, and pãni

Angloromani[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Romani pani.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈpʰaːniː], [ˈpʰæːni], [ˈpʰɑːni], [pʰaːniː], [ˈpʰɑni], [ˈpʰaniː], [ˈpɑːnɪ], [ˈpʰæni]

Noun[edit]

pani

  1. water
    Synonyms: mungri, pia
  2. brook
  3. drink
  4. tea
  5. pond
  6. lake
  7. sea
    Synonyms: bawro pani, bori lun pani, lon bori pani
  8. rain
  9. river
    Synonym: boro pani
  10. tears
  11. urine
    Synonym: mutter

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • “pani”, in Angloromani Dictionary[3], The Manchester Romani Project, 2004-2006, page 158

Balkan Romani[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Romani pani. Doublet of pahni.

Noun[edit]

pani m

  1. (Bugurdži, Crimea, Kosovo Arli, Macedonian Arli, Sepečides, Sofia Erli, Ursari) water
    Synonym: (Crimea) panisi

Derived terms[edit]

Baltic Romani[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Romani pani.

Noun[edit]

pani m

  1. (Lithuania) water
    Synonym: (Latvia) paaňing

Derived terms[edit]

Carpathian Romani[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Romani pani.

Noun[edit]

pani m

  1. (Burgenland, East Slovakia, Gurvari) water
  2. (East Slovakia) sweat, perspiration
  3. (Gurvari) river, lake

Derived terms[edit]

Erromintxela[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Romani pani.

Noun[edit]

pani

  1. water
    Synonym: panina
  2. sea

References[edit]

  • pani” in Alexandre Baudrimont, Vocabulaire de la langue des Bohémiens habitant les pays basques français, Bordeaux: G. Gounouilhou, 1862, →OCLC, page 38.

Estonian[edit]

Verb[edit]

pani

  1. third-person singular past indicative of panema

Finnish[edit]

Verb[edit]

pani

  1. third-person singular past indicative of panna

Anagrams[edit]

Halbi[edit]

Noun[edit]

pani

  1. water

References[edit]

Ido[edit]

Noun[edit]

pani

  1. plural of pano

Italian[edit]

Noun[edit]

pani m

  1. plural of pane

Anagrams[edit]

Kavalan[edit]

Noun[edit]

pani

  1. bow (for shooting)
  2. knitting tool (shuttle)

Latin[edit]

Noun[edit]

pānī

  1. dative singular of pānis

Masurian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Old Polish pani.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈpaɲi]
  • Syllabification: pa‧ni

Noun[edit]

pani f (male equivalent pán)

  1. female equivalent of pán (gentlewoman, woman) (specific male person, especially one unknown to the speaker)
  2. female equivalent of pán (mistress, lord) (person with power over something; owner of something)
  3. female equivalent of pán (Ms, misses) (title before a last name)

Pronoun[edit]

pani f (masculine pán)

  1. you polite second person f nominative, it takes verbs as third-person sg form

Further reading[edit]

  • Zofia Stamirowska (1987-2021) “pani”, in Anna Basara, editor, Słownik gwar Ostródzkiego, Warmii i Mazur[4], volume 6, Zakład Narodowy im. Ossolińskich Wydawnictwo Polskiej Akademii Nauk, →ISBN, pages 22-23

Old Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *gъpanьji. First attested in the 14th century.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): (10th–15th CE) /pani/
  • IPA(key): (15th CE) /pani/

Noun[edit]

pani f (male equivalent pan)

  1. female equivalent of pan (lady) (master of a feudal manor)
    • 1959 [1389], Henryk Kowalewicz, Władysław Kuraszkiewicz, editors, Wielkopolskie roty sądowe XIV-XV wieku, Roty poznańskie, volume I, number 63:
      Jaco pani szastauila swe dobro i cupila trzeczø czanscz Kuropatnik
      [Jako pani zastawiła swe dobro i kupiła trzecią część Kuropatnik]
  2. form of respect for non-noblewomen
    • 1858 [c. 1408], “Wyroki sądów miejskich czyli ortyle [Urban court rulings i.e. "Ortyls"]”, in Wacław Aleksander Maciejowski, editor, Historia prawodawstw słowiańskich [History of Slavic lawmaking], volume 6, page 69:
      Hannus zalowal na panyą Anną
      [Hannusz żałował na panią Annę]
  3. female equivalent of pan (wife, especially one of a castellan)
    • 1861 [1398], Pismo poświęcone naukom, sztukom i przemysłowi[5], volume III, Biblioteka Warszawska, page 34:
      Tekdi gdi stala ossada pane bytgostkey hy Paskowa, tedi poslali comornika hy vosnego do paney hy do Paska
      [Tegdy gdy stała osada panie bydgostkiej i Paszkowa, tedy posłali komornika hi woźnego do paniej hi do Paszka]
  4. female equivalent of pan (lady) (owner of land)
    • 1939 [end of the 14th century], Ryszard Ganszyniec, Witold Taszycki, Stefan Kubica, Ludwik Bernacki, editors, Psałterz florjański łacińsko-polsko-niemiecki [Latin-Polish-German Florian Psalter]‎[6], Zakład Narodowy imienia Ossolińskich, z zasiłkiem Sejmu Śląskiego [The Ossoliński National Institute: with the benefit of the Silesian Parliament], pages 122, 3:
      Yako oczy poselkyney w røkv *pøney (dominae) swogey, tako oczy nasze kv panv bogv
      [Jako oczy posełkiniej w ręku paniej (dominae) swojej, tako oczy nasze ku Panu Bogu]
  5. female equivalent of pan (lady, woman) (female human)

Related terms[edit]

adjectives
nouns
verbs

Descendants[edit]

  • Masurian: pani
  • Polish: pani
  • Silesian: pani

References[edit]

Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Old Polish pani.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈpa.ɲi/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -aɲi
  • Syllabification: pa‧ni
  • Homophone: Pani

Noun[edit]

pani f (male equivalent pan)

  1. female equivalent of pan (woman) (specific female person, especially one unknown to the speaker)
  2. female equivalent of pan (Mrs; miss) (title before a last name)
  3. female equivalent of pan (mistress, lady) (person with power over something)
  4. female equivalent of pan (madam) (rich, well-presenting person)
  5. female equivalent of pan (lady) (master of a house)
  6. female equivalent of pan (teacher)
  7. (Middle Polish) female equivalent of pan (protector)
    Synonym: protektorka
  8. (Middle Polish) female equivalent of pan (owner)
    Synonym: właścicielka

Pronoun[edit]

pani f (masculine pan)

  1. female equivalent of pan (you) (polite second person f nominative, it takes verbs as third-person sg form)
    Coordinate terms: pan, państwo

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Trivia[edit]

According to Słownik frekwencyjny polszczyzny współczesnej (1990), pani is one of the most used words in Polish, appearing 7 times in scientific texts, 5 times in news, 4 times in essays, 102 times in fiction, and 538 times in plays, each out of a corpus of 100,000 words, totaling 656 times, making it the 71st most common word in a corpus of 500,000 words.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ida Kurcz (1990) “pani”, in Słownik frekwencyjny polszczyzny współczesnej [Frequency dictionary of the Polish language]‎[1] (in Polish), volume 1, Kraków, Warszawa: Polska Akademia Nauk. Instytut Języka Polskiego, page 354

Further reading[edit]

  • pani in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • pani in Polish dictionaries at PWN
  • Maria Renata Mayenowa, Stanisław Rospond, Witold Taszycki, Stefan Hrabec, Władysław Kuraszkiewicz (2010-2023) “pani”, in Słownik Polszczyzny XVI Wieku [A Dictionary of 16th Century Polish]
  • Paweł Kupiszewski (15.06.2020) “PANI”, in Elektroniczny Słownik Języka Polskiego XVII i XVIII Wieku [Electronic Dictionary of the Polish Language of the XVII and XVIII Century]
  • Samuel Bogumił Linde (1807–1814) “pani”, in Słownik języka polskiego[8]
  • Aleksander Zdanowicz (1861) “pani”, in Słownik języka polskiego, Wilno 1861[9]
  • A. Kryński, W. Niedźwiedzki, editors (1908), “pani”, in Słownik języka polskiego[10] (in Polish), volume 4, Warsaw, page 34
  • pani in Narodowy Fotokorpus Języka Polskiego

Quechua[edit]

Noun[edit]

pani

  1. sister of a man
  2. sister of a brother

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]

Romani[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Sauraseni Prakrit 𑀧𑀸𑀡𑀻𑀅 (pāṇīa), from Sanskrit पानीय (pānīya).[1][2][3] Cognates include Gujarati પાણી (pāṇī), Hindi पानी (pānī), Punjabi ਪਾਣੀ (pāṇī), Rajasthani पाणी (pāṇī).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pani m inan (nominative plural panǎ)

  1. water[2][3][4][5]
    O pani si maj śudro akana.
    The water is colder now.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Turner, Ralph Lilley (1969–1985) “pānīˊya”, in A Comparative Dictionary of the Indo-Aryan Languages, London: Oxford University Press, page 456
  2. 2.0 2.1 Boretzky, Norbert, Igla, Birgit (1994) “paní”, in Wörterbuch Romani-Deutsch-Englisch für den südosteuropäischen Raum : mit einer Grammatik der Dialektvarianten [Romani-German-English dictionary for the Southern European region] (in German), Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, →ISBN, page 207b
  3. 3.0 3.1 Yaron Matras (2002) Romani: A Linguistic Introduction[2], Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, →ISBN, pages 27, 39
  4. ^ Marcel Courthiade (2009) “o pan/i¹, -ěs- m. -ǎ, -ěn-”, in Melinda Rézműves, editor, Morri angluni rromane ćhibǎqi evroputni lavustik = Első rromani nyelvű európai szótáram : cigány, magyar, angol, francia, spanyol, német, ukrán, román, horvát, szlovák, görög [My First European-Romani Dictionary: Romani, Hungarian, English, French, Spanish, German, Ukrainian, Romanian, Croatian, Slovak, Greek] (in Hungarian and English), Budapest: Fővárosi Onkormányzat Cigány Ház--Romano Kher, →ISBN, page 264b
  5. ^ Yūsuke Sumi (2018) “pan/i, -ǎ”, in ニューエクスプレスプラス ロマ(ジプシー)語 [New Express Plus Romani (Gypsy)] (in Japanese), Tokyo: Hakusuisha, published 2021, →ISBN, →OCLC, page 153a

Samoan[edit]

Noun[edit]

pani

  1. bun

Sardinian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin pānis (bread).

Noun[edit]

pani

  1. bread

Sicilian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin pānis, pānem (bread).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈpa.nɪ]
  • Hyphenation: pà‧ni

Noun[edit]

pani m (plural pani)

  1. bread
    • 1905, Reinhold Rost, The Lord's prayer in five hundred languages, page 135:
      Danni oggi lu nostru pani quotidianu.
      Give us this day our daily bread.

Silesian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Old Polish pani.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈpaɲi/
  • Rhymes: -aɲi
  • Syllabification: pa‧ni

Noun[edit]

pani f (male equivalent pōn)

  1. female equivalent of pōn (woman)
    Synonyms: kobiyta, żyńskŏ
  2. formal way of addressing a woman; female equivalent of pōn (lady)
  3. female equivalent of pōn (lord, mistress)

Further reading[edit]

Sinte Romani[edit]

Noun[edit]

pani m

  1. Alternative form of paňi (water; river, lake)

Slovak[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Unknown etymology.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pani f (genitive singular panej, nominative plural panie, genitive plural paní, declension pattern of pani)

  1. lady
  2. (not inflected) Mrs or Lady

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • pani”, in Slovníkový portál Jazykovedného ústavu Ľ. Štúra SAV [Dictionary portal of the Ľ. Štúr Institute of Linguistics, Slovak Academy of Science] (in Slovak), https://slovnik.juls.savba.sk, 2024

Tok Pisin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English funny.

Adjective[edit]

pani

  1. funny

Traveller Norwegian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Romani pani.

Noun[edit]

pani

  1. water
  2. river
  3. lake
  4. brook
  5. dew

References[edit]

  • pani” in Norwegian Romani Dictionary.
  • pani” in Tavringens Rakripa: Romanifolkets Ordbok, Landsorganisasjonen for Romanifolket.

Venetian[edit]

Noun[edit]

pani

  1. plural of pan

Vlax Romani[edit]

Noun[edit]

pani m

  1. Lovara form of paj (water, lake, river)

Welsh Romani[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Romani pani.

Noun[edit]

pani m

  1. water
  2. body of water, river, lake, stream, sea

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • pani” in Welsh Romani-English Dictionary, ROMLEX – the Romani Lexicon Project, 2000.

West Makian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pani

  1. the buttocks
    Synonym: gua

References[edit]

  • Clemens Voorhoeve (1982) The Makian languages and their neighbours[11], Pacific linguistics

Yeniche[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Romani pani.

Noun[edit]

pani

  1. water

References[edit]