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See also: Brook


English Wikipedia has an article on:


  • IPA(key): /bɹʊk/, enPR: brŏŏk
  • (obsolete) IPA(key): /bɹuːk/[1]
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ʊk

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English brouken (to use, enjoy), from Old English brūcan (to enjoy, brook, use, possess, partake of, spend), from Proto-West Germanic *brūkan, from Proto-Germanic *brūkaną (to enjoy, use), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰruHg- (to enjoy). Swedish bruka (to use), Dutch gebruiken (to use) and German brauchen (to need) are cognate.


brook (third-person singular simple present brooks, present participle brooking, simple past and past participle brooked)

  1. (transitive, formal, chiefly in the negative) To bear; endure; support; put up with; tolerate.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:tolerate
    brook no refusal
    I will not brook any disobedience.
    I will brook no impertinence.
    • 1834, L[etitia] E[lizabeth] L[andon], chapter II, in Francesca Carrara. [], volume I, London: Richard Bentley, [], (successor to Henry Colburn), →OCLC, page 22:
      how shall I brook to be the first cause of difference between a father and son, to whom the averted look and the harsh word have been hitherto unknown?
    • 1922, Ben Travers, chapter 6, in A Cuckoo in the Nest[1]:
      But Sophia's mother was not the woman to brook defiance. After a few moments' vain remonstrance her husband complied. His manner and appearance were suggestive of a satiated sea-lion.
    • 1966, Garcilaso de la Vega, H. V. Livermore, Karen Spalding, Royal Commentaries of the Incas and General History of Peru (Abridged), Hackett Publishing, →ISBN, page 104:
      After delivering the reply he ordered the annalists, who have charge of the knots, to take note of it and include it in their tradition. By now the Spaniards, who were unable to brook the length of the discourse, had left their places and fallen on the Indians
    • 2018, Shoshana Zuboff, chapter 13, in The Age of Surveillance Capitalism:
      The norm is submission to the supposed iron laws of technological inevitability that brook no impediment.
    • 2019 May 19, Alex McLevy, “The final Game Of Thrones brings a pensive but simple meditation about stories (newbies)”, in The A.V. Club[2]:
      The faith in destiny and moral certainty claimed by would-be liberators brooks no resistance, and to register objections to their devotion is to be seen as the enemy of rightness.
    • 2022 February 25, Thomas L. Friedman, “We Have Never Been Here Before”, in The New York Times[3], →ISSN:
      On just the first day of the war, more than 1,300 protesters across Russia, many of them chanting “No to war,” were detained, The Times reported, quoting a rights group. That’s no small number in a country where Putin brooks little dissent.
  2. (transitive, obsolete) To use; enjoy; have the full employment of.
    Synonyms: apply, employ, utilize
  3. (transitive, obsolete) To earn; deserve.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:deserve
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English brook, from Old English brōc (brook; stream; torrent), from Proto-West Germanic *brōk (stream).


brook (plural brooks)

  1. A body of running water smaller than a river; a small stream.
  2. (Sussex, Kent) A water meadow.
  3. (Sussex, Kent, in the plural) Low, marshy ground.
Derived terms[edit]
Common nouns
Proper nouns


  1. ^ Brook” in John Walker, A Critical Pronouncing Dictionary [] , London: Sold by G. G. J. and J. Robinſon, Paternoſter Row; and T. Cadell, in the Strand, 1791, →OCLC, page 123, column 2.




From Middle English bro(o)ken (to use, enjoy, digest), from Old English brūcan (to use, enjoy). See also brouk.


tae brook

  1. To enjoy; to possess; to have use or owndom of.