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Etymology 1[edit]

PIE root

From Middle English brouken ‎(to use, enjoy), from Old English brūcan ‎(to enjoy, brook, use, possess, partake of, spend), from Proto-Germanic *brūkaną ‎(to enjoy, use), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰruHg- ‎(to enjoy). Cognate with Danish bruge ‎(to use), Dutch bruiken ‎(to use), Faroese brúka ‎(to use), German brauchen ‎(to need, require, use), Icelandic brúka ‎(to use), Norwegian bruke ‎(to use), Scots brook, brouk ‎(to use, enjoy), Swedish bruka ‎ ‎(to make use of), West Frisian brûke ‎(to use), Latin fruor ‎(enjoy). Related to fruit.


brook ‎(third-person singular simple present brooks, present participle brooking, simple past and past participle brooked)

  1. (transitive, obsolete, except in Scots) To use; enjoy; have the full employment of.
  2. (transitive, obsolete) To earn; deserve.
  3. (transitive) To bear; endure; support; put up with; tolerate (usually used in the negative, with an abstract noun as object).
    I will not brook any disobedience.   I will brook no refusal.
    • 1922, Ben Travers, chapter 6, in A Cuckoo in the Nest:
      But Sophia's mother was not the woman to brook defiance. After a few moments' vain remonstrance her husband complied. His manner and appearance were suggestive of a satiated sea-lion.
    • 2005, Nicholas Ostler, Empires of the Word: A Language History of the World, Harper:
      Nevertheless, Garcilaso does claim that the Spaniards ‘who were unable to brook the length of the discourse, had left their places and fallen on the Indians’.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English, from Old English brōc ‎(brook, stream, torrent), from Proto-Germanic *brōkaz ‎(stream), from Proto-Indo-European *mrāǵ- ‎(silt, slime). Cognate with Dutch broek ‎(marsh, swamp), German Bruch ‎(marsh), Low German Brook, Ancient Greek βράγος ‎(brágos, shallows) and Albanian bërrak ‎(swampy soil).


brook ‎(plural brooks)

  1. A body of running water smaller than a river; a small stream. (In the US, brook is a New York and New England term; compare Ohio, Pennsylvania and West Virginia run, and Southern US branch.)
    • Bible, Deuteronomy viii. 7
      The Lord thy God bringeth thee into a good land, a land of brooks of water.
    • William Shakespeare (1564-1616)
      empties itself, as doth an inland brook / into the main of waters
    • 1879, Richard Jefferies, The Amateur Poacher, chapter1:
      But then I had the [massive] flintlock by me for protection. ¶ [] The linen-press and a chest on the top of it formed, however, a very good gun-carriage; and, thus mounted, aim could be taken out of the window at the old mare feeding in the meadow below by the brook, [].
  2. (Sussex, Kent) A water meadow.
  3. (Sussex, Kent, in the plural) Low, marshy ground.



From Middle English bro(o)ken ‎(to use, enjoy, digest), from Old English brūcan ‎(to use, enjoy). See also brouk.


tae brook

  1. To enjoy the use or owndom of.