river

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: River

English[edit]

A river

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English ryver, river, rivere, from Anglo-Norman rivere, from Old French riviere, from Vulgar Latin *rīpāria (riverbank, seashore, river), from Latin rīpārius (of a riverbank), from Latin rīpa (river bank), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁reyp- (to scratch, tear, cut). Displaced native Old English ēa.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

river (plural rivers)

  1. A large and often winding stream which drains a land mass, carrying water down from higher areas to a lower point, oftentimes ending in another body of water, such as an ocean or in an inland sea.
    • 1908, Kenneth Grahame, The Wind in the Willows
      By the side of the river he trotted as one trots, when very small, by the side of a man who holds one spell-bound by exciting stories; and when tired at last, he sat on the bank, while the river still chattered on to him, a babbling procession of the best stories in the world, sent from the heart of the earth to be told at last to the insatiable sea.
    • 2013 June 29, “High and wet”, in The Economist, volume 407, number 8842, page 28:
      Floods in northern India, mostly in the small state of Uttarakhand, have wrought disaster on an enormous scale. The early, intense onset of the monsoon on June 14th swelled rivers, washing away roads, bridges, hotels and even whole villages. Rock-filled torrents smashed vehicles and homes, burying victims under rubble and sludge.
    Occasionally rivers overflow their banks and cause floods.
  2. Any large flow of a liquid in a single body.
    a river of blood
  3. (poker) The last card dealt in a hand.
  4. (typography) A visually undesirable effect of white space running down a page, caused by spaces between words on consecutive lines happening to coincide.
Usage notes[edit]
  • As with the names of lakes and mountains, the names of rivers are typically formed by adding the word before or after the unique term: the River Thames or the Yangtze River. Generally speaking, names formed using adjectives or attributives see river added to the end, as with the Yellow River. It is less common to add river before names than it is with lakes, but many of the rivers of Britain are written that way, as with the River Severn; indeed, British English tends to use "River X" in such cases while American, South African, Australian and New Zealand English use "X River". The former derives from the earlier but now uncommon form river of ~: the 19th century River of Jordan is now usually simply the River Jordan.
  • It is common to preface the proper names of rivers with the article the.
  • Concerning the reference of its coordinate terms, some people say:[1] you can step over a brook, jump over a creek, wade across a stream, and swim across a river.
Derived terms[edit]
Terms derived from river (etymology 1, noun)
  • English lemmas starting with river
  • Related terms[edit]
    Descendants[edit]
    • Finnish: river (river (in poker))
    • Sranan Tongo: liba
    Translations[edit]

    See river/translations § Noun.

    See also[edit]

    Verb[edit]

    river (third-person singular simple present rivers, present participle rivering, simple past and past participle rivered)

    1. (poker) To improve one’s hand to beat another player on the final card in a poker game.
      Johnny rivered me by drawing that ace of spades.

    Etymology 2[edit]

    rive +‎ -er

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    river (plural rivers)

    1. One who rives or splits.

    References[edit]

    1. ^ Definitions of rivers, stream, brooks, creeks and other terms (Goran Šafarek, WorldRivers.net, November 29, 2018)

    Further reading[edit]


    Danish[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    river c

    1. indefinite plural of rive

    Verb[edit]

    river

    1. present of rive

    Finnish[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    < English river

    Pronunciation[edit]

    • IPA(key): /ˈriʋer/, [ˈriʋe̞r]
    • Rhymes: -iʋer
    • Syllabification: ri‧ver

    Noun[edit]

    river

    1. (poker) river (fifth communal card in Texas hold'em)

    Declension[edit]

    Inflection of river (Kotus type 6/paperi, no gradation)
    nominative river riverit
    genitive riverin riverien
    rivereiden
    rivereitten
    partitive riveriä rivereitä
    riverejä
    illative riveriin rivereihin
    singular plural
    nominative river riverit
    accusative nom. river riverit
    gen. riverin
    genitive riverin riverien
    rivereiden
    rivereitten
    partitive riveriä rivereitä
    riverejä
    inessive riverissä rivereissä
    elative riveristä rivereistä
    illative riveriin rivereihin
    adessive riverillä rivereillä
    ablative riveriltä rivereiltä
    allative riverille rivereille
    essive riverinä rivereinä
    translative riveriksi rivereiksi
    instructive riverein
    abessive riverittä rivereittä
    comitative rivereineen
    Possessive forms of river (type paperi)
    possessor singular plural
    1st person riverini riverimme
    2nd person riverisi riverinne
    3rd person riverinsä

    Synonyms[edit]

    See also[edit]


    French[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From a Germanic source (compare Danish rive).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Verb[edit]

    river

    1. to drive/set a rivet

    Conjugation[edit]

    Related terms[edit]

    Further reading[edit]

    Anagrams[edit]


    Latin[edit]

    Verb[edit]

    rīver

    1. first-person singular present passive subjunctive of rīvō

    Middle English[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    river

    1. Alternative form of ryver

    Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    river m or f

    1. indefinite plural of rive

    Verb[edit]

    river

    1. present of rive

    Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    river f

    1. indefinite plural of rive

    Verb[edit]

    river

    1. (non-standard since 2012) present tense of riva and rive

    Swedish[edit]

    Verb[edit]

    river

    1. present tense of riva.

    Anagrams[edit]