joki

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See also: Joki and jōki

Finnish[edit]

Kymi River

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *joki, from Proto-Uralic *joke.[1] Cognate with Estonian jõgi (river), Karelian jogi (river), Veps jogi (river), Northern Sami johka, Moksha Йов (Jov, Moksha river), Mansi я̄ (â̄, river), archaic Hungarian .

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈjoki/, [ˈjo̞k̟i]
  • Audio:(file)
  • Rhymes: -oki
  • Syllabification(key): jo‧ki

Noun[edit]

joki

  1. river

Declension[edit]

Inflection of joki (Kotus type 7*D/ovi, k- gradation)
nominative joki joet
genitive joen jokien
partitive jokea jokia
illative jokeen jokiin
singular plural
nominative joki joet
accusative nom. joki joet
gen. joen
genitive joen jokien
partitive jokea jokia
inessive joessa joissa
elative joesta joista
illative jokeen jokiin
adessive joella joilla
ablative joelta joilta
allative joelle joille
essive jokena jokina
translative joeksi joiksi
abessive joetta joitta
instructive join
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of joki (Kotus type 7*D/ovi, k- gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative jokeni jokeni
accusative nom. jokeni jokeni
gen. jokeni
genitive jokeni jokieni
partitive jokeani jokiani
inessive joessani joissani
elative joestani joistani
illative jokeeni jokiini
adessive joellani joillani
ablative joeltani joiltani
allative joelleni joilleni
essive jokenani jokinani
translative joekseni joikseni
abessive joettani joittani
instructive
comitative jokineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative jokesi jokesi
accusative nom. jokesi jokesi
gen. jokesi
genitive jokesi jokiesi
partitive jokeasi jokiasi
inessive joessasi joissasi
elative joestasi joistasi
illative jokeesi jokiisi
adessive joellasi joillasi
ablative joeltasi joiltasi
allative joellesi joillesi
essive jokenasi jokinasi
translative joeksesi joiksesi
abessive joettasi joittasi
instructive
comitative jokinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative jokemme jokemme
accusative nom. jokemme jokemme
gen. jokemme
genitive jokemme jokiemme
partitive jokeamme jokiamme
inessive joessamme joissamme
elative joestamme joistamme
illative jokeemme jokiimme
adessive joellamme joillamme
ablative joeltamme joiltamme
allative joellemme joillemme
essive jokenamme jokinamme
translative joeksemme joiksemme
abessive joettamme joittamme
instructive
comitative jokinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative jokenne jokenne
accusative nom. jokenne jokenne
gen. jokenne
genitive jokenne jokienne
partitive jokeanne jokianne
inessive joessanne joissanne
elative joestanne joistanne
illative jokeenne jokiinne
adessive joellanne joillanne
ablative joeltanne joiltanne
allative joellenne joillenne
essive jokenanne jokinanne
translative joeksenne joiksenne
abessive joettanne joittanne
instructive
comitative jokinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative jokensa jokensa
accusative nom. jokensa jokensa
gen. jokensa
genitive jokensa jokiensa
partitive jokeaan
jokeansa
jokiaan
jokiansa
inessive joessaan
joessansa
joissaan
joissansa
elative joestaan
joestansa
joistaan
joistansa
illative jokeensa jokiinsa
adessive joellaan
joellansa
joillaan
joillansa
ablative joeltaan
joeltansa
joiltaan
joiltansa
allative joelleen
joellensa
joilleen
joillensa
essive jokenaan
jokenansa
jokinaan
jokinansa
translative joekseen
joeksensa
joikseen
joiksensa
abessive joettaan
joettansa
joittaan
joittansa
instructive
comitative jokineen
jokinensa

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Junttila, Santeri; Kallio, Petri; Holopainen, Sampsa; Kuokkala, Juha; Pystynen, Juho, editors (2020–), “joki”, in Suomen vanhimman sanaston etymologinen verkkosanakirja[1] (in Finnish), retrieved 2024-01-01

Further reading[edit]

Indonesian[edit]

Indonesian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia id

Etymology[edit]

From English jockey.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈd͡ʒoki]
  • Hyphenation: jo‧ki

Noun[edit]

joki

  1. jockey, one who rides racehorses competitively.
  2. (figurative) impersonator,
    1. one who asked to do impersonation, a form of cheating whereby a different person than the student assigned an assignment or exam completes it.
    2. car jockey, one who asked to impersonate as a passenger in a random commuter who does not have enough passengers to legally use a carpool lane.
  3. disc jockey.

Usage notes[edit]

Car jockey was a way to circumvent kawasan pembatasan penumpang (passenger restriction area) rule which mandated at least three person in a car (three-in-one) to legally use a line during specified time periods, i.e. rush hour/peak hour, based on high-occupancy vehicle lane concept. The rule was enforced from December 2003 to May 2016 at several roads in Jakarta.

Further reading[edit]

Ingrian[edit]

Joki.

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *joki. Cognates include Finnish joki and Estonian jõgi.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

joki

  1. river
    • 1936, N. A. Iljin and V. I. Junus, Bukvari iƶoroin șkouluja vart, Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 25:
      Joki ono suur.
      The river is big.
    • 1936, L. G. Terehova, V. G. Erdeli, translated by Mihailov and P. I. Maksimov, Geografia: oppikirja iƶoroin alkușkoulun kolmatta klaassaa vart (ensimäine osa), Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-Pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 5:
      Oli jo pimmiä, kons möö näimmä pioneeriin tulen joen rannalt.
      It was already dark, when we saw the pioneers' fire from the river's shore.

Declension[edit]

Declension of joki (type 5/lehti, k- gradation, gemination)
singular plural
nominative joki joet
genitive joen jokkiin, jokiloin
partitive jokkia jokija, jokiloja
illative jokkee jokkii, jokiloihe
inessive joes jois, jokilois
elative joest joist, jokiloist
allative joelle joille, jokiloille
adessive joel joil, jokiloil
ablative joelt joilt, jokiloilt
translative joeks joiks, jokiloiks
essive jokenna, jokkeen jokinna, jokiloinna, jokkiin, jokiloin
exessive1) jokent jokint, jokiloint
1) obsolete
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)
**) the comitative is formed by adding the suffix -ka? or -kä? to the genitive.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Votic: jõki

References[edit]

  • V. I. Junus (1936) Iƶoran Keelen Grammatikka[3], Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 22
  • Olga I. Konkova; Nikita A. Dyachkov (2014) Inkeroin Keel: Пособие по Ижорскому Языку[4], →ISBN, page 52

Latvian[edit]

Noun[edit]

joki m

  1. nominative/vocative plural of joks

Shona[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Afrikaans juk.

Noun[edit]

jóki class 5 (plural majóki class 6)

  1. yoke