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Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ ˈjoː]
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -joː

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Ugric *jomɜ (*jamɜ) (good). Cognates include Mansi ёмас (ëmas, good, right, nice).[1][2]

Adjective[edit]

(comparative jobb, superlative legjobb)

  1. good (good for something (i.e. can be used for) -ra/-re, good at something -ban/-ben, good for someone (i.e. positively affects) -nak/-nek, good to someone (e.g. helping, caring) -hoz/-hez/-höz). There is also an alternative possessive stem, jav-, used to form other words, such as javában, javasol, javít.
  2. (used with ideje/ideig, darab, adag, néhány and a few more fixed phrases) quite (some), fair (amount of…), considerable, significant, hefty, sizeable
    Synonyms: jókora, jelentős
    ideje vándorolt már.He had been on his way for quite some time.
Declension[edit]
Inflection (stem in -a-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative javak
accusative jót javakat
dative jónak javaknak
instrumental jóval javakkal
causal-final jóért javakért
translative jóvá javakká
terminative jóig javakig
essive-formal jóként javakként
essive-modal
inessive jóban javakban
superessive jón javakon
adessive jónál javaknál
illative jóba javakba
sublative jóra javakra
allative jóhoz javakhoz
elative jóból javakból
delative jóról javakról
ablative jótól javaktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
jóé javaké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
jóéi javakéi
Possessive forms of
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. javam javaim
2nd person sing. javad javaid
3rd person sing. java javai
1st person plural javunk javaink
2nd person plural javatok javaitok
3rd person plural javuk javaik

or

Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative jók
accusative jót jókat
dative jónak jóknak
instrumental jóval jókkal
causal-final jóért jókért
translative jóvá jókká
terminative jóig jókig
essive-formal jóként jókként
essive-modal
inessive jóban jókban
superessive jón jókon
adessive jónál jóknál
illative jóba jókba
sublative jóra jókra
allative jóhoz jókhoz
elative jóból jókból
delative jóról jókról
ablative jótól jóktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
jóé jóké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
jóéi jókéi
Possessive forms of
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. jóm jóim
2nd person sing. jód jóid
3rd person sing. jója jói
1st person plural jónk jóink
2nd person plural jótok jóitok
3rd person plural jójuk jóik
Antonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

(Terms derived from the jav- stem variant):

(Terms derived from jobb ’better’):

(Terms derived from the jó- stem variant):

Compound words
Expressions

Noun[edit]

(plural jók or javak)

  1. good thing or person
    Még a jóktól is elvették a javaikat.
    Even the good ones were deprived of their possessions.
    (literally, “Even from the good ones too they took away their goods.”)
  2. B (an academic grade, better than a C and worse than an A) (Uses only the "jó-" stem, not "jav-".)
  3. (plural only) goods, possessions, assets (see at javak)
Declension[edit]
Inflection (stem in -a-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative javak
accusative jót javakat
dative jónak javaknak
instrumental jóval javakkal
causal-final jóért javakért
translative jóvá javakká
terminative jóig javakig
essive-formal jóként javakként
essive-modal
inessive jóban javakban
superessive jón javakon
adessive jónál javaknál
illative jóba javakba
sublative jóra javakra
allative jóhoz javakhoz
elative jóból javakból
delative jóról javakról
ablative jótól javaktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
jóé javaké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
jóéi javakéi
Possessive forms of
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. javam javaim
2nd person sing. javad javaid
3rd person sing. java javai
1st person plural javunk javaink
2nd person plural javatok javaitok
3rd person plural javuk javaik

or

Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative jók
accusative jót jókat
dative jónak jóknak
instrumental jóval jókkal
causal-final jóért jókért
translative jóvá jókká
terminative jóig jókig
essive-formal jóként jókként
essive-modal
inessive jóban jókban
superessive jón jókon
adessive jónál jóknál
illative jóba jókba
sublative jóra jókra
allative jóhoz jókhoz
elative jóból jókból
delative jóról jókról
ablative jótól jóktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
jóé jóké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
jóéi jókéi
Possessive forms of
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. jóm jóim
2nd person sing. jód jóid
3rd person sing. jója jói
1st person plural jónk jóink
2nd person plural jótok jóitok
3rd person plural jójuk jóik
Derived terms[edit]

Interjection[edit]

  1. alright, okay, fine

Adverb[edit]

(not comparable)

  1. (informal) quite, pretty
    nagy halat fogtál!You've caught a pretty big fish!

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Uralic *joke[3]. Cognates include Mansi я̄ (â̄, river), Finnish joki (river), Estonian jõgi (river), Karelian jogi (river), Veps jogi (river). Replaced by folyó.

Noun[edit]

(plural jók)

  1. (obsolete) river (occurs in compound proper names, such as Sajó, Berettyó, Héjő)
Declension[edit]
Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative jók
accusative jót jókat
dative jónak jóknak
instrumental jóval jókkal
causal-final jóért jókért
translative jóvá jókká
terminative jóig jókig
essive-formal jóként jókként
essive-modal
inessive jóban jókban
superessive jón jókon
adessive jónál jóknál
illative jóba jókba
sublative jóra jókra
allative jóhoz jókhoz
elative jóból jókból
delative jóról jókról
ablative jótól jóktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
jóé jóké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
jóéi jókéi
Possessive forms of
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. jóm jóim
2nd person sing. jód jóid
3rd person sing. jója jói
1st person plural jónk jóink
2nd person plural jótok jóitok
3rd person plural jójuk jóik

References[edit]

  1. ^ Entry #1760 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Research Institute for Linguistics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
  2. ^ Zaicz, Gábor. Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (’Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN
  3. ^ Entry #186 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Research Institute for Linguistics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences.

Further reading[edit]

  • in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh: A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’An Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962.

Kpee[edit]

Noun[edit]

  1. water

References[edit]


Middle Vietnamese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

  1. Alternative spelling of gió

References[edit]


Navajo[edit]

Interjection[edit]

  1. well, you see, you know, as you know
    Jó, nizhóní!Well, that’s nice.
    Jó, ákótʼé.that’s the way it is.

Conjunction[edit]

  1. since

Noone[edit]

Verb[edit]

  1. hear

References[edit]


Seenku[edit]

Noun[edit]

  1. water

References[edit]