-re

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Finnish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

-ra +‎ -e

Suffix[edit]

-re

  1. Forms nouns, mostly from nominal stems.

Usage notes[edit]

Attaches to the strong stem, while the alternative form -r attaches to the weak stem.

Derived terms[edit]



French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-re

  1. One of the three main verb endings, along with -er and -ir.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Technically, -re is not a suffix or even a verb ending proper, as it is always part of a wider pattern in -dre, -ttre, -ire etc., and is only used as such for its practical aspect, as it groups verbs of very different conjugations, and several verbs of the third group do not end in -re.

Hungarian[edit]

Pronominal adverbs from case suffixes (cf. postpositions)
case suffix who? what? this that he/she
(it)*
v. pr. c.
nom. ki mi ez az ő* / Ø
az / Ø
acc. -t / -ot /
-at / -et / -öt
kit mit ezt azt őt* / Ø
azt / Ø
c1
c2
dat. -nak / -nek kinek minek ennek annak neki neki- c
ins. -val / -vel kivel mivel ezzel/
evvel
azzal/
avval
vele (vele-) c
c-f. -ért kiért miért ezért azért érte c
tra. -vá / -vé kivé mivé ezzé azzá c
ter. -ig meddig eddig addig c
e-f. -ként (kiként) (miként) ekként akként c
e-m. -ul / -ül (kiül) (miül) c
ine. -ban / -ben kiben miben ebben abban benne c
sup. -n/-on/-en/-ön kin min ezen azon rajta (rajta-) c
ade. -nál / -nél kinél minél ennél annál nála c
ill. -ba / -be kibe mibe ebbe abba bele bele- c
sub. -ra / -re kire mire erre arra rá- c
all. -hoz/-hez/-höz kihez mihez ehhez ahhoz hozzá hozzá- c
el. -ból / -ből kiből miből ebből abból belőle c
abl. -ról / -ről kiről miről erről arról róla c
del. -tól / -től kitől mitől ettől attól tőle c
*: Ő and őt refer to human beings; the forms below them might be
construed likewise. – Forms in parentheses are uncommon. All »

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-re

  1. (case suffix) onto, on. Used to form the sublative case.
    szőnyeg (carpet)tedd a szőnyegre ― put it on the carpet
    perc (minute, moment)egy percrefor a moment
    kedd (Tuesday)keddreby Tuesday

Usage notes[edit]

  • (case suffix) Harmonic variants:
    -ra is added to back vowel words. Final -a changes to -á-.
    pad (bench)Leültem egy padra. ― I sat down on a bench.
    alma (apple)Allergiás vagyok az almára. ― I am allergic to apples.
    -re is added to front vowel words. Final -e changes to -é-.
    szék (chair)Leültem egy székre. ― I sat down on a chair.
    béke (peace)Mindenki békére vágyik. ― Everyone longs for peace.

See also[edit]


Old English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *-ārijaz, from Latin -ārius.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-re

  1. (Late West Saxon) masculine agent suffix, originally applied only to nouns
    fugol (fowl, bird) + ‎-re → ‎fuglre (fowler)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Descendants[edit]

  • English: -er

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the Latin infinitive endings (-are, -ere, -ire). Used in Romanian with a verb to form the "long infinitive", which is a verbal noun. See also the short infinitive forms of Romanian verbs, -a, -ea, -e, and -i.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-re f (plural -ri)

  1. Attached to the ends of verb infinitives to form nouns, meaning the action or result of; -ing, -ation
    traducere - translating, translation (the action or result of translation)
    conjugare - conjugating, conjugation (the action or result of conjugation)
    vorbire - speech, speaking (the action or result of speech)
    avere - wealth, riches (the result of having)

Usage notes[edit]

Most verb infinitives simply add -re, but second conjugation verbs (those ending in -ea) drop the a before adding the suffix.

Type 1
cânta becomes cântare
lucra becomes lucrare

Type 2

plăcea becomes plăcere
vedea becomes vedere
Type 3
cere becomes cerere
naște becomes naștere
Type 4
vorbi becomes vorbire
iubi becomes iubire

Declension[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse -ri, from Proto-Germanic *-izô.

Suffix[edit]

-re

  1. Forms the comparative degree of a few adjectives, most of which change their stem vowel (umlaut) when this happens.
    lång (long), längre (longer)
    ung (young), yngre (younger)

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]