-r

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Chuukese[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-r

  1. (indirect object suffix) them

Estonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.) Cognate to Finnish -ri.

Suffix[edit]

-r (genitive -ri, partitive -rit)

  1. Forms various agent nouns
    kala "fish" → kalur "fisherman"
    tuupima "to study excessively" → tuupur "nerd"
    surfama "to surf" → surfar "surfer"
    õppima "to learn" → õppur "learner"
    rokk "rock music" → rokkar "rocker"

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]



Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the Old Irish ro- (perfective prefix).

Suffix[edit]

-r

  1. A suffix added to certain preverbs and subordinating conjunctions when these occur with past tense verbs, and in the past/conditional copular form of these preverbs and conjunctions.

Derived terms[edit]



Old Norse[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-r

  1. denotes the nominative singular of adjectives, masculine a-stem, i-stem, u-stem, and an-stem, as well as feminine ijo-stem nouns
  2. denotes the nominative and accusative plurals of r- and consonant stem nouns

Declension[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-r

  1. Suffix for the indefinite plural form of some of the nouns of the third declension, chiefly if they end in a stressed vowel except -e or -i, or if it ends in an unstressed -e.
  2. Suffix for the present tense, active voice, indicative mood [all persons] for a small number of Swedish verbs which ends in a vowel except -a in the infinitive; formally also for a large part of those verbs which do end in -a in infinitive.
    Hon går = She walks.
    Vi dansar = We dance.

Usage notes[edit]

The modern treatment is to consider also the verbs which in present tense ends in -ar to use the suffix -r, even though they frequently are denoted -ar-verbs, as if the suffix would be -ar. However, the -a- is rather interpreted as being part of the stem of the verb.

See also[edit]

plural suffix
present tense suffix

Turkish[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-r

  1. Simple present tense suffix.
    oku(-mak)okur
    (to) read – he/she/it reads

Usage notes[edit]

  • Personal suffixes are added after "-r".
    oku + -r + -um = okurum (I read)
    oku + -r + -sun = okursun (you read)
    oku + -r = okur (he/she/it reads)
    oku + -r + -uz = okuruz (we read)
    oku + -r + -sunuz = okursunuz (you read)
    oku + -r + -lar = okurlar (they read)
  • If the verb ends in a consonant, then this suffix becomes "-ar", "-er", "-ır", "-ir", "-ur" or "-ür"
    -ar: yap – yapar, çık – çıkar, kon – konar, sun – sunar
    -er: et – eder, git – gider, sön – söner, büz – büzer
    -ır: kal – kalır, çıldır – çıldırır
    -ir: gel – gelir, veril – verilir
    -ur: ol – olur, bul – bulur
    -ür: gör – görür, ölün – ölünür