-r

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Chuukese[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-r

  1. (indirect object suffix) them

Estonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Cognate to Finnish -ri.

Suffix[edit]

-r ‎(genitive -ri, partitive -rit)

  1. Forms various agent nouns
    kala "fish" → kalur "fisherman"
    tuupima "to study excessively" → tuupur "nerd"
    surfama "to surf" → surfar "surfer"
    õppima "to learn" → õppur "learner"
    rokk "rock music" → rokkar "rocker"

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]



Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the Old Irish ro-(perfective prefix).

Suffix[edit]

-r

  1. A suffix added to certain preverbs and subordinating conjunctions when these occur with past tense verbs, and in the past/conditional copular form of these preverbs and conjunctions.

Derived terms[edit]



Swedish[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-r

  1. Suffix for the indefinite plural form of some of the nouns of the third declension, chiefly if they end in a stressed vowel except -e or -i, or if it ends in an unstressed -e.
  2. Suffix for the present tense, active voice, indicative mood [all persons] for a small number of Swedish verbs which ends in a vowel except -a in the infinitive; formally also for a large part of those verbs which do end in -a in infinitive.
    Hon går = She walks.
    Vi dansar = We dance.

Usage notes[edit]

The modern treatment is to consider also the verbs which in present tense ends in -ar to use the suffix -r, even though they frequently are denoted -ar-verbs, as if the suffix would be -ar. However, the -a- is rather interpreted as being part of the stem of the verb.

See also[edit]

plural suffix
present tense suffix

Turkish[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-r

  1. Simple present tense suffix.
    oku(-mak) - okur
    (to) read - he/she/it reads

Usage notes[edit]

  • Personal suffixes are added after "-r".
    oku + -r + -um = okurum (I read)
    oku + -r + -sun = okursun (you read)
    oku + -r = okur (he/she/it reads)
    oku + -r + -uz = okuruz (we read)
    oku + -r + -sunuz = okursunuz (you read)
    oku + -r + -lar = okurlar (they read)
  • If the verb ends in a consonant, then this suffix becomes "-ar", "-er", "-ır", "-ir", "-ur" or "-ür"
    yap - yapar
    git - gider
    kal - kalır
    gel - gelir
    bul - bulur
    gör - görür