etmek

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See also: etmək

Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish اتمك, ایتمك (etmek), ultimately from Proto-Turkic *ēt-.[1] Cognate with Old Turkic 𐰃𐱅 (ét-, to make), Azerbaijani etmək, Bashkir итеү (itew), Chuvash ту (tu), Crimean Tatar этмек (etmek), Karachay-Balkar этерге (eterge), Kazakh ету (etu), Khakas идерге (iderge), Kumyk этмек (etmek), Kyrgyz этүү (etüü), Nogai этуьв (étüv), Tatar итү (itü) (including siberian), Turkmen etmek, Uyghur ﺋﻪﺗﻤﻪﻙ (etmek, әтмәк), etc.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /etˈmec/, [e̞t̪ˈme̞c]
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: et‧mek

Verb[edit]

etmek (third-person singular simple present eder)

  1. to do; to make
  2. to equal, make
    Sonunda Parti iki ile ikinin beş ettiğini anons eder, sen de buna inanman gerekiyordu.
    In the end the Party would announce that two and two made five, and you would have to believe it.
  3. (transitive, with ablative) to leave somebody deprived of something
    • 2011 August 2, “Aşk Kitabı [The Love Book]”, in Ahmet Selçuk İlkan (lyrics), Coşkun Sabah (music), 12 Düet [12 Duets]‎[1], performed by Nilüfer and Hayko Cepkin:
      Ümitlerim kırıldı, bitti,
      Hayallerim yıkıldı, gitti,
      Bu dert beni benden etti,
      Sevdim, sevdim, bak ne hâle geldim!
      My hopes got broken, they ran out,
      My dreams got destroyed, they gone,
      This pain left me deprived from myself,
      I loved, I loved, look what I became!
  4. (auxiliary verb) Forms active verbs from adjectives and nouns, especially Arabic verbal nouns.

Usage notes[edit]

  • This verb is used in conjunction with foreign nouns or adjectives for the formation of compound verbs, similar to English make in make amends. For example dikkat etmek (to be careful), dans etmek (to dance), keşfetmek (to discover). With native Turkish words the verb-forming suffix -la / -le is typically used instead.

Conjugation[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Starostin, Sergei; Dybo, Anna; Mudrak, Oleg (2003), “*ēt-”, in Etymological dictionary of the Altaic languages (Handbuch der Orientalistik; VIII.8), Leiden, New York, Köln: E.J. Brill

Further reading[edit]

  • etmek in Reverso (Turkish-English)

Turkmen[edit]

Verb[edit]

etmek

  1. to do

Conjugation[edit]