olmak

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Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish اولمق ‎(olmak, to exist, be, become, happen, fit, ripen, mature), from Old Anatolian Turkish [script needed] ‎(ol-), [script needed] ‎(bol-, to become), from Proto-Turkic *bōl- ‎(to become).[1] Akin to Proto-Mongolic *bol- ‎(to become), (cf. Mongolian болох ‎(boloh, to become, exist, happen)) perhaps inherited from a common source.[2] Now obsolete bolmak was dominant until the end of the 16th century,[3] coexisted with olmak which was attested quite early too. The relation between the two is unclear; according to Starostin and Dybo forms with o- may represent a different root (see oturmak). On the other hand, the geographical distribution of this variant matches quite closely the change *b- > v- (cf. Turkish var ‎(there is), vermek ‎(to give)) so it may indeed reflect *bol- > *vol- > ol-.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [oɫmac]
  • Hyphenation: ol‧mak

Verb[edit]

olmak ‎(third-person singular simple present olur)

  1. (intransitive) to become, come to exist, come into being
  2. to happen, occur, be, take place, befall
  3. to be, to have or occupy a place or position, be located or situated at
  4. (with possessive marker in object) to have, own
  5. (of time) to pass, elapse, be
  6. to suffice, be acceptable, be all right, be okay
  7. to be possible, be apparently valid, be likely, be plausible
  8. to ripen, mature; (for food) to be cooked, be done
  9. (with dative case, of clothes) to fit, suit
  10. (with ablative case) to lose, be deprived of
  11. to have, undergo something, to be afflicted with, suffer from, experience something negative, to catch a disease

Conjugation[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Starostin, Sergei; Dybo, Anna; Mudrak, Oleg (2003), “*bōl-”, in Etymological dictionary of the Altaic languages (Handbuch der Orientalistik; VIII.8), Leiden, New York, Köln: E.J. Brill
  2. ^ Starostin, Sergei; Dybo, Anna; Mudrak, Oleg (2003), “*bṓlo ( ~ -e)”, in Etymological dictionary of the Altaic languages (Handbuch der Orientalistik; VIII.8), Leiden, New York, Köln: E.J. Brill
  3. ^ Nişanyan, Sevan (2015-02-12), “ol-”, in Nişanyan Sözlük