- (UK) IPA(key): /məˈtjʊə/, /məˈt͡ʃʊə/, /məˈt͡ʃɔː/
Audio (UK) (file)
- (US) IPA(key): /məˈt͡ʃʊ(ə)ɹ/, /məˈt͡ʃɝ/, /məˈt(j)ʊəɹ/
- Rhymes: -ʊə(ɹ), -ɜː(ɹ), -ɔː(ɹ)
From late Middle English mature, from Middle French mature, from Latin mātūrus. Doublet of maduro. Partially displaced ripe, from Old English rīpe (“ripe, mature”).
mature (comparative maturer or more mature, superlative maturest or most mature)
- Fully developed; grown up in terms of physical appearance, behaviour or thinking; ripe.
- She is quite mature for her age.
- The excellent mature eggplants grown in the garden plot are quickly being being picked up by family and friends.
- Brought to a state of complete readiness.
- a mature plan
- Profound; careful.
- The headmaster decided to expel the boy after a mature consideration.
- (medicine, obsolete) Come to, or in a state of, completed suppuration.
- (television, film) Suitable for adults only, due to sexual themes, violence, etc.
- mature content
- (grown up in terms of physical appearance): adult, grown; see also Thesaurus:full-grown
- (grown up in terms of behaviour or thinking): adultish, grown up; see also Thesaurus:mature
- (suitable for adults only): adult; see also Thesaurus:for adults
- (grown up): childish, immature
- (profound): superficial
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
From Middle English maturen, from Middle French maturer (“to mature”), from Latin mātūrō.
mature (third-person singular simple present matures, present participle maturing, simple past and past participle matured)
- (intransitive) To proceed toward maturity: full development or completion (either of concrete or of abstract things, e.g. plans, judgments, qualities).
- (intransitive, of food, especially fruit) To attain maturity, to become mature or ripe.
- 1670, Evelyn, John, chapter 35, in Sylva, or, A Discourse of Forest-trees, London, page 246:
- […] Trees […] have alwayes Fruit upon them, ripe, or preparing to mature;
- (transitive) To bring (something) to maturity, full development, or completion.
- 1667, Milton, John, Paradise Lost, book 1, lines 659-660:
- […] But these thoughts
Full Counsel must mature:
- 1768, Hoole, John, Cyrus: A Tragedy, act I, London: T. Davies, page 12:
- […] much it now
Imports they should be still deceiv’d, till time
Matures our enterprize;
- 1853, Gaskell, Elizabeth, Cranford, New York: Harper, Chapter 13, p. 262,:
- […] I did not interrupt her, I was so busy maturing a plan I had had in my mind for some days […]
- 1953, Saul Bellow, chapter 8, in The Adventures of Augie March, New York: Viking Press, →OCLC, page 143:
- […] the long clean groove of her upper lip was ready to go into motion, as if she were going to break her silence with something momentous and long-matured; explain love to me, perhaps.
- (transitive) To make (something, e.g. fruit) ripe or mature.
- 1782, Cowper, William, “Charity”, in Poems, London: J. Johnson, page 202:
- […] a ship well freighted with the stores
The sun matures on India’s spicy shores,
- 2009, Findlay, Hugh, Practical Gardening, Vegetables and Fruits:
- There are certain vegetables like the tomato which require a long period to mature the fruit, and these must be started several weeks before the frosts have passed.
- Synonym: ripen
- (intransitive, of a person) To proceed toward or become mature or full-grown, either physically or psychologically; to gain experience or wisdom with age.
- Synonyms: age, develop, grow up; see also Thesaurus:to age
- (transitive) To make (someone) mature.
- 1776, Cowley, Hannah, The Runaway, London: Prologue:
- Then Tom shall have his kite, and Fan new dollies,
Till time matures them for important follies.
- 1970, Davies, Robertson, chapter 2, in Fifth Business, part 6, Toronto: Macmillan, page 103:
- […] what I most wanted was time to grow up. The war had not matured me;
- Synonyms: see Thesaurus:make older
- (intransitive, finance) To reach the date when payment is due.
- When the bond matures, the full face value is payable to its bearer.
Inherited from Middle French mature, borrowed from Latin mātūrus. Doublet of mûr.
mature (plural matures)
- (of a person) mature
- inflection of maturer:
- “mature”, in Trésor de la langue française informatisé [Digitized Treasury of the French Language], 2012.
mature f pl
mātūrē (comparative mātūrius, superlative mātūrissimē)
- “mature”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
- “mature”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
- mature in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
- mature - Latin is Simple Online Dictionary
From Middle French mature and its etymon Latin mātūrus.
mature (rare, Late Middle English)
- English: mature
- “mā̆tūre, adj.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.
- Alternative form of matere
- Alternative form of maturen
- inflection of maturar:
- English 2-syllable words
- English terms with IPA pronunciation
- English terms with audio links
- Rhymes:English/ʊə(ɹ)/2 syllables
- Rhymes:English/ɜː(ɹ)/2 syllables
- English terms derived from Proto-Indo-European
- English terms derived from the Proto-Indo-European root *meh₂- (good)
- English terms inherited from Middle English
- English terms derived from Middle English
- English terms derived from Middle French
- English terms derived from Latin
- English doublets
- English lemmas
- English adjectives
- English terms with usage examples
- English terms with obsolete senses
- English verbs
- English intransitive verbs
- English terms with quotations
- English transitive verbs
- French terms inherited from Middle French
- French terms derived from Middle French
- French terms borrowed from Latin
- French terms derived from Latin
- French doublets
- French 2-syllable words
- French terms with IPA pronunciation
- French terms with audio links
- French terms with homophones
- French lemmas
- French adjectives
- French non-lemma forms
- French verb forms
- Italian 3-syllable words
- Italian terms with IPA pronunciation
- Rhymes:Italian/ure/3 syllables
- Italian non-lemma forms
- Italian adjective forms
- Latin non-lemma forms
- Latin adjective forms
- Latin lemmas
- Latin adverbs
- Latin irregular adverbs
- Middle English terms borrowed from Middle French
- Middle English terms derived from Middle French
- Middle English terms borrowed from Latin
- Middle English terms derived from Latin
- Middle English terms with IPA pronunciation
- Middle English lemmas
- Middle English adjectives
- Middle English rare terms
- Late Middle English
- Middle English nouns
- Middle English verbs
- Portuguese non-lemma forms
- Portuguese verb forms