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From Proto-Indo-European root *meh₂- (to ripen, to mature), with derivatives meaning "occurring at a good moment, timely, seasonable, early". See also Mātūta, mānus (good) and mānē (early in the morning).



mātūrus (feminine mātūra, neuter mātūrum, comparative mātūrior, superlative mātūrissimus); first/second-declension adjective

  1. mature, full-grown
  2. ripe
  3. early, soon


First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative mātūrus mātūra mātūrum mātūrī mātūrae mātūra
Genitive mātūrī mātūrae mātūrī mātūrōrum mātūrārum mātūrōrum
Dative mātūrō mātūrō mātūrīs
Accusative mātūrum mātūram mātūrum mātūrōs mātūrās mātūra
Ablative mātūrō mātūrā mātūrō mātūrīs
Vocative mātūre mātūra mātūrum mātūrī mātūrae mātūra


Derived terms[edit]



  • maturus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • maturus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • maturus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to die young: mature decedere
    • (ambiguous) the corn is not yet ripe: frumenta in agris matura non sunt (B. G. 1. 16. 2)