mur

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: MUR, múr, mùr, mûr, and mür

Contents

Aromanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin mūrus, from Old Latin *moerus, *moiros, from Proto-Indo-European *mey- (to strengthen).

Noun[edit]

mur m (plural muri)

  1. wall
    Synonyms: greb, stizmã

Related terms[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin mūrus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mur m (plural murs)

  1. wall

Cimbrian[edit]

Noun[edit]

mur f

  1. blackberry

References[edit]

  • Umberto Patuzzi, ed., (2013) Ünsarne Börtar, Luserna: Comitato unitario delle linguistiche storiche germaniche in Italia / Einheitskomitee der historischen deutschen Sprachinseln in Italien

Dalmatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin mare, from Proto-Indo-European *móri.

Noun[edit]

mur

  1. sea

Danish[edit]

Noun[edit]

mur c (singular definite muren, plural indefinite mure)

  1. wall; defence structure
  2. A wall-like structure built by overlapping bricks or by stones
  3. (soccer) wall

Inflection[edit]

See also[edit]

Verb[edit]

mur

  1. imperative of mure

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French mur, from Latin mūrus, from Old Latin *moerus, *moiros, from Proto-Indo-European *mey- (to strengthen).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /myʁ/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -yʁ

Noun[edit]

mur m (plural murs)

  1. wall

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Hausa[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Arabic مُرّ (murr).

Noun[edit]

mûr̃ m

  1. myrrh

Indonesian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch moer

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mur

  1. nut (fastener for a bolt)

Interlingue[edit]

Noun[edit]

mur

  1. wall

Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Determiner[edit]

mur

  1. Ulster form of bhur

Livonian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • mu'r (Courland)

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *mureh. Cognate with Estonian mure, Finnish murhe.

Noun[edit]

mur

  1. grief
  2. sorrow

Middle Low German[edit]

Noun[edit]

mur or mür f

  1. Alternative form of mure.

Norman[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French mur, from Latin mūrus, from Old Latin *moerus, *moiros, from Proto-Indo-European *mei (to fix, to build fortifications or fences).

Noun[edit]

mur m (plural murs)

  1. (Guernsey) wall

Synonyms[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse múrr, from Latin murus

Noun[edit]

mur m (definite singular muren, indefinite plural murer, definite plural murene)

  1. a wall (a free-standing barrier, typically made of bricks, stone or concrete)
    En vegg av tre er mindre solid enn en mur av stein.
    A wall made of wood is less solid than a wall made of stone.

Usage notes[edit]

Norwegian uses two different words for "wall". One, "mur", refers to independent outdoor structures used to fortify and delineate. The other, "vegg", is used to refer to the walls of a building, regardless of its location and material composition. Both are occasionally used metaphorically, "mur" more so. "Mur" can also refer to the type of material such walls are typically made of, hence the possible construction "murvegg", meaning the wall of a house composed of brick or concrete.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse múrr, from Latin murus

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mur m (definite singular muren, indefinite plural murar, definite plural murane)

  1. a wall (of stone, concrete or similar material)
    Ein vegg av tre er mindre solid enn ein mur av stein.
    A wall made of wood is less solid than a wall made of stone.

Usage notes[edit]

  • The words mur and vegg are both translated into English as wall. However, they are widely distinguished in the following manner: only mur is commonly used for freestanding walls. Only vegg is commonly used for the walls of a building, whether internal or external. Mur is restricted to stone or concrete walls, whereas vegg is used regardless of material. A wall made from brick or stone can be called a murvegg.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Occitan[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin mūrus, from Old Latin *moerus, *moiros, from Proto-Indo-European *mei (to fix, to build fortifications or fences).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mur m (plural murs)

  1. wall

Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin mūrum, accusative singular of mūrus, from Old Latin *moerus, *moiros, from Proto-Indo-European *mei (to fix, to build fortifications or fences).

Noun[edit]

mur m (oblique plural murs, nominative singular murs, nominative plural mur)

  1. wall

Old Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin mūrem, accusative singular of mus, from Proto-Indo-European *muh₂s.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mur m

  1. A mouse or rat

Descendants[edit]


Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German mūr, mūre, from Old High German mûra, from Latin mūrus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mur m inan (diminutive murek)

  1. wall

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • mur in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Romanian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin mōrus.

Noun[edit]

mur m (plural muri)

  1. blackberry bush
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Latin mūrus (19th century) [1]. Perhaps preserved as popular in its use as a rare regionalism from Maramureș and Ardeal.[2]

Noun[edit]

mur m (plural muri)

  1. (rare) wall
    Synonyms: perete, zid

References[edit]


Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

mur

  1. Alternative form of mura

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin mūrem, accusative singular of mūs, from Proto-Indo-European *muh₂s. Displaced by ratón, an augmentative form of rata (rat).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mur m (plural mures)

  1. (archaic) mouse

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin murus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mur c

  1. wall; defense structure
  2. A wall-like structure built of overlapping bricks or of stones
  3. (soccer) wall

Declension[edit]

Declension of mur 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative mur muren murar murarna
Genitive murs murens murars murarnas

See also[edit]


Tolai[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

mur

  1. Second-person dual pronoun: you two

Declension[edit]



Welsh[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin mūrus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mur m (plural muriau)

  1. wall

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
mur fur unchanged unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.