rata

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See also: pro rata, ráta, ratā, rață, and Rata

English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

flowers of the southern rata, Metrosideros umbellata

From Maori rātā or cognate Tahitian rātā (tree of genus Metrosideros). Compare Tahitian puarātā (Metrosideros collina).

Noun[edit]

rata (usually uncountable, plural ratas)

  1. (usually countable) Any of various New Zealand plants of the genus Metrosideros
  2. (usually uncountable) The hard dark red wood of such trees.

References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

a rata tree, Garcinia dulcis

Compare Sinhalese රට ගොරකා (raṭa gorakā, Garcinia xanthochymus), Marathi रातंबी (rātambī, Garcinia indica). This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Noun[edit]

rata (plural ratas)

  1. The yellow mangosteen, Garcinia dulcis, a tree native to Indonesia, the Philippines, and India.
    Synonyms: mundu, maphuut, Claudie mangosteen, gourka, eggtree

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


'Are'are[edit]

Noun[edit]

rata

  1. name

References[edit]


Balinese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

rata

  1. Romanization of ᬭᬢ
  2. Romanization of ᬭᬣ

Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Medieval Latin rattus (rat).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rata f (plural rates)

  1. rat
    Synonym: rat
  2. Atlantic stargazer (Uranoscopus scaber)
    Synonym: saltabardissa

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *rata, borrowed from Proto-Germanic *tradō. Cognates include Estonian rada, Livonian radā, Karelian rata (The Milky Way), Ingrian rata (The Milky Way).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈrɑtɑ/, [ˈrɑt̪ɑ]
  • Rhymes: -ɑtɑ
  • Syllabification(key): ra‧ta

Noun[edit]

rata

  1. (rail transport) railroad track
    Synonym: rautatie
  2. (sports) track, lane, course
  3. (curling) sheet (area of ice on which one game of curling is played)
  4. orbit (path of one object around another)
    Synonym: kiertorata
  5. course (sequence of events)
    Kaikki menee normaalia rataansa.Everything follows the normal course of events.
  6. trajectory, course (path of a body as it travels through space)
    Synonym: lentorata

Declension[edit]

Inflection of rata (Kotus type 9*F/kala, t-d gradation)
nominative rata radat
genitive radan ratojen
partitive rataa ratoja
illative rataan ratoihin
singular plural
nominative rata radat
accusative nom. rata radat
gen. radan
genitive radan ratojen
ratainrare
partitive rataa ratoja
inessive radassa radoissa
elative radasta radoista
illative rataan ratoihin
adessive radalla radoilla
ablative radalta radoilta
allative radalle radoille
essive ratana ratoina
translative radaksi radoiksi
instructive radoin
abessive radatta radoitta
comitative ratoineen
Possessive forms of rata (type kala)
possessor singular plural
1st person ratani ratamme
2nd person ratasi ratanne
3rd person ratansa

Compounds[edit]

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

rata

  1. third-person singular past historic of rater

Anagrams[edit]


Galician[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From rato (mouse).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rata f (plural ratas)

  1. rat

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]


Guaraní[edit]

Noun[edit]

rata

  1. fire

Icelandic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse rata, from Proto-Germanic *wratōną.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

rata (weak verb, third-person singular past indicative rataði, supine ratað)

  1. to find one’s way
    • a. 13th century, Hávamál (English source, Icelandic sourve)
      Vits er þörf
      þeim er víða ratar.
      Dælt er heima hvað.
      Að augabragði verður
      sá er ekki kann
      og með snotrum situr.
      Wits must he have
      who wanders wide,
      But all is easy at home;
      At the witless man
      the wise shall wink
      When among such men he sits.

Conjugation[edit]


Indonesian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈrata]
  • Hyphenation: ra‧ta

Etymology 1[edit]

From Malay rata, from Javanese ꦫꦠ (rata), ultimately from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *dataʀ. Doublet of datar and latar.

Adjective[edit]

rata

  1. even
    1. flat and level
    2. parallel: on a level; reaching the same limit
      Synonym: papar
  2. even, evenly, equally: in a fair manner of distribution, giving the same amount or number to each.
  3. flat
    Synonyms: datar, pelat
  4. smooth
    Permukaannya tidak rata.The surface is not smooth.
    Synonyms: halus, mulus
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Malay rata, from Sanskrit रथ (rátha, chariot).

Noun[edit]

rata (first-person possessive rataku, second-person possessive ratamu, third-person possessive ratanya)

  1. (obsolete) carriage
    Synonym: kereta
Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Medieval Latin rata, from the Latin phrase pro rata parte (according to the proportional share), from ratus (reckoned), past participle of the verb reor (I think over, deem, reckon).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈra.ta/
  • Rhymes: -ata
  • Hyphenation: rà‧ta

Noun[edit]

rata f (plural rate)

  1. instalment

Anagrams[edit]


Javanese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Javanese rata.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Central, Eastern) IPA(key): /ˈrɔ.tɔ/
  • (Western) IPA(key): /ˈra.taʔ/
  • Hyphenation: ꦫ‧ꦠ
  • (Central, Eastern) Rhymes: -tɔ,
  • (Western) Rhymes: -taʔ, -aʔ

Adjective[edit]

rata

  1. flat

Romanization[edit]

rata

  1. Romanization of ꦫꦠ

Ladin[edit]

Noun[edit]

rata f (plural rates)

  1. dose
  2. instalment

Verb[edit]

rata

  1. third-person singular present indicative of rater
  2. third-person plural present indicative of rater
  3. second-person singular imperative of rater

Latin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

rata

  1. inflection of ratus:
    1. nominative/vocative/ablative feminine singular
    2. nominative/accusative/vocative neuter plural

Latvian[edit]

Noun[edit]

rata m

  1. genitive singular form of rats

Lindu[edit]

Noun[edit]

rata

  1. guest
  2. foreigner

Malay[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Ultimately from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *dataʀ. Doublet of datar.

Adjective[edit]

rata (Jawi spelling رات‎)

  1. level, even, flat
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Indonesian: rata

Etymology 2[edit]

From Sanskrit रथ (ratha).

Noun[edit]

rata (Jawi spelling رات‎, plural rata-rata, informal 1st possessive rataku, 2nd possessive ratamu, 3rd possessive ratanya)

  1. chariot

Further reading[edit]


Maori[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Oceanic *lasa (Compare Fijian lasa).

Adjective[edit]

rata

  1. tame
  2. quiet

Northern Sotho[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Zulu -thanda, Tsonga -rhandza.

Verb[edit]

rata

  1. to love

Occitan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Feminine of rat (rat)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Noun[edit]

rata f (plural ratas)

  1. (Rattus rattus) female black rat

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Old Javanese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Austronesian *dataʀ.

Adjective[edit]

rata

  1. flat

Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Italian rata, from Medieval Latin rata, from the Latin phrase pro rata parte.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rata f

  1. installment

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

noun

Further reading[edit]

  • rata in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • rata in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

 

  • Hyphenation: ra‧ta
  • Rhymes: -atɐ

Noun[edit]

rata f (plural ratas)

  1. female equivalent of rato
  2. (chiefly Portugal, informal) vagina (woman's genitalia)
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:vagina/translations

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French rater.

Verb[edit]

a rata (third-person singular present ratează, past participle ratat1st conj.

  1. to miss, to fail

Conjugation[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Italian rata (installment).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /rǎːta/
  • Hyphenation: ra‧ta

Noun[edit]

ráta f (Cyrillic spelling ра́та)

  1. installment
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Noun[edit]

rata (Cyrillic spelling рата)

  1. genitive singular of rat

Sotho[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Zulu -thanda, Tsonga -rhandza.

Verb[edit]

rata

  1. to love

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Vulgar Latin rattus (rat), of Germanic origin. It is not known how the noun made the jump to a feminine noun.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈrata/, [ˈra.t̪a]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

rata f (plural ratas, masculine rato, masculine plural ratos)

  1. rat (a medium-sized rodent belonging to the genus Rattus)

Adjective[edit]

rata (invariable)

  1. (colloquial, derogatory) stingy, miserly, tight-fisted
    Synonyms: tacaño, pesetero, hijo de puta
  2. (colloquial, derogatory) rat, jerk (a despicable person, especially who has been deceitful or disloyal)
  3. (colloquial, derogatory) rat, snitch, informant
    Synonyms: chivato, soplón, delator, sapo

Hyponyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse hrata, from Proto-Germanic *hratt- (to rush); see *hradaz (hasty, quick). Cognate with Icelandic hrata (to lose balance) and Old English hratian (to hurry).

Verb[edit]

rata (present ratar, preterite ratade, supine ratat, imperative rata)

  1. to reject
    Synonyms: avslå, försmå, kassera, skrota, underkänna, vraka
    Antonyms: anta, godta, ta, välja

Conjugation[edit]

References[edit]


Ternate[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Possibly from Malay rata (level, flat).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

rata

  1. (stative) to be smooth

Conjugation[edit]

Conjugation of rata
Singular Plural
Inclusive Exclusive
1st torata forata mirata
2nd norata nirata
3rd Human oratam, morataf irata, yorata
Non-human irata irata, yorata
* m - masculine, f - feminine, - archaic

References[edit]

  • Rika Hayami-Allen (2001) A descriptive study of the language of Ternate, the northern Moluccas, Indonesia, University of Pittsburgh

Tswana[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

go rata (past ratile)

  1. to love
  2. to like

Veps[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Russian страдать (stradatʹ). Compare Finnish raataa, Karelian ruadua and Ludian ruata.

Verb[edit]

rata

  1. to work
  2. to toil
  3. to act (perform an action)

Inflection[edit]

Inflection
1st infinitive rata
present indic. radab
past indic. radoi
present
indicative
past
indicative
imperative
1st singular radan radoin
2nd singular radad radoid rada
3rd singular radab radoi ?
1st plural radam radoim rakam
2nd plural radat radoit rakat
3rd plural ratas
radaba
radoiba ?
sing. conneg.1 rada radand rada
plur. conneg. rakoi ranugoi rakoi
present
conditional
past
conditional
potential
1st singular radaižin ranuižin radanen
2nd singular radaižid ranuižid radaned
3rd singular radaiži ranuiži radaneb
1st plural radaižim ranuižim radanem
2nd plural radaižit ranuižit radanet
3rd plural radaižiba ranuižiba radaneba
connegative radaiži ranuiži radane
non-finite forms
1st infinitive rata
2nd infinitive 3rd infinitive
inessive rates inessive radamas
instructive raten illative ?
participles elative radamaspäi
present active radai adessive radamal
past active ranu abessive radamat
past passive ratud

References[edit]


West Makian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Malay rata (level, flat).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

rata

  1. (stative) to be flat, level
    afi da ratalevel ground

Conjugation[edit]

Conjugation of rata (stative verb)
singular plural
inclusive exclusive
1st person tirata mirata arata
2nd person nirata firata
3rd person inanimate irata dirata
animate marata
imperative —, rata —, rata

References[edit]

  • James Collins (1982) Further Notes Towards a West Makian Vocabulary[1], Pacific linguistics