रथ

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Sanskrit रथ(rátha), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *HrátHas, from Proto-Indo-European *Hret-(to roll).

Noun[edit]

रथ ‎(rathm

  1. a chariot
    रथ यात्रा‎ ― rath yātrāRath Yatra

Pali[edit]

Noun[edit]

रथ m

  1. Devanagari script form of ratha

Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *HrátHas, from Proto-Indo-European *Hret-(to roll). Cognates include Latin rota, Old Irish roth, Old High German rad and Lithuanian ratas.

Noun[edit]

रथ ‎(rátham

  1. chariot, car, especially a two-wheeled war-chariot (lighter and swifter than the अनस्(anas)), any vehicle or equipage or carriage (applied also to the vehicles of the gods), waggon, cart
  2. warrior, hero, champion
  3. the body
  4. limb, member, part
  5. Calamus rotang, a rattan palm.
  6. Dalbergia ougeinensis, blackwood
  7. = पौरुष(pauruṣa)
Declension[edit]
Masculine a-stem declension of रथ
Nom. sg. रथः(rathaḥ)
Gen. sg. रथस्य(rathasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative रथः(rathaḥ) रथौ(rathau) रथाः(rathāḥ)
Vocative रथ(ratha) रथौ(rathau) रथाः(rathāḥ)
Accusative रथम्(ratham) रथौ(rathau) रथान्(rathān)
Instrumental रथेन(rathena) रथाभ्याम्(rathābhyām) रथैः(rathaiḥ)
Dative रथाय(rathāya) रथाभ्याम्(rathābhyām) रथेभ्यः(rathebhyaḥ)
Ablative रथात्(rathāt) रथाभ्याम्(rathābhyām) रथेभ्यः(rathebhyaḥ)
Genitive रथस्य(rathasya) रथयोः(rathayoḥ) रथानाम्(rathānām)
Locative रथे(rathe) रथयोः(rathayoḥ) रथेषु(ratheṣu)

Descendants[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From verbal root रमते(√ram, to delight, be glad, rejoice etc.).

Noun[edit]

रथ ‎(ratham

  1. pleasure, joy, delight (compare मनोरथ(mano-ratha))
  2. affection, love
Declension[edit]
Masculine a-stem declension of रथ
Nom. sg. रथः(rathaḥ)
Gen. sg. रथस्य(rathasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative रथः(rathaḥ) रथौ(rathau) रथाः(rathāḥ)
Vocative रथ(ratha) रथौ(rathau) रथाः(rathāḥ)
Accusative रथम्(ratham) रथौ(rathau) रथान्(rathān)
Instrumental रथेन(rathena) रथाभ्याम्(rathābhyām) रथैः(rathaiḥ)
Dative रथाय(rathāya) रथाभ्याम्(rathābhyām) रथेभ्यः(rathebhyaḥ)
Ablative रथात्(rathāt) रथाभ्याम्(rathābhyām) रथेभ्यः(rathebhyaḥ)
Genitive रथस्य(rathasya) रथयोः(rathayoḥ) रथानाम्(rathānām)
Locative रथे(rathe) रथयोः(rathayoḥ) रथेषु(ratheṣu)

References[edit]

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 0865