रथ

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit रथ (rátha), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *Hrátʰas, from Proto-Indo-European *Hret- (to roll).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /ɾət̪ʰ/, /rət̪ʰ/

Noun[edit]

रथ (rathm

  1. a chariot
    रथ यात्राrath yātrāRath Yatra

Declension[edit]


Old Gujarati[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit रथ (ratha)

Noun[edit]

रथ (ratham

  1. chariot
    • 1422, unknown, कालिकसूरिकथा :
      पुंतार पुंतारि स्यउं असवार असवारि स्यउं रथ रथि स्यउं पायक पायकि स्यउं युद्ध नीपजावइ।
      puṃtāra puṃtāri syaüṃ asavāra asavāri syaüṃ ratha rathi syaüṃ pāyaka pāyaki syaüṃ yuddha nīpajāvaï.
      Mahout with mahout, rider with rider, chariot with chariot, foot soldier with foot soldier, there was war.

Pali[edit]

Noun[edit]

रथ m

  1. Devanagari script form of ratha

Sanskrit[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *Hrátʰas (chariot, car), from Proto-Indo-European *Hrót-h₂-os, from *Hret- (to roll). Cognate with Avestan 𐬭𐬀𐬚𐬀(raθa, chariot, car), Latin rota, Old Irish roth, Old High German rad, Lithuanian ratas.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

रथ (rátham

  1. chariot, car, especially a two-wheeled war-chariot (lighter and swifter than the अनस् (anas)), any vehicle or equipage or carriage (applied also to the vehicles of the gods), waggon, cart
    • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 8.20.12:
      स्थिरा धन्वान्यायुधा रथेषु वोऽनीकेष्वधि श्रियः ॥
      sthirā dhanvānyāyudhā ratheṣu vo’nīkeṣvadhi śriyaḥ .
      Strong are your bows and strong the weapons in your cars, and glory sits on every face.
  2. warrior, hero, champion
Declension[edit]
Masculine a-stem declension of रथ (rátha)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative रथः
ráthaḥ
रथौ
ráthau
रथाः / रथासः¹
ráthāḥ / ráthāsaḥ¹
Vocative रथ
rátha
रथौ
ráthau
रथाः / रथासः¹
ráthāḥ / ráthāsaḥ¹
Accusative रथम्
rátham
रथौ
ráthau
रथान्
ráthān
Instrumental रथेन
ráthena
रथाभ्याम्
ráthābhyām
रथैः / रथेभिः¹
ráthaiḥ / ráthebhiḥ¹
Dative रथाय
ráthāya
रथाभ्याम्
ráthābhyām
रथेभ्यः
ráthebhyaḥ
Ablative रथात्
ráthāt
रथाभ्याम्
ráthābhyām
रथेभ्यः
ráthebhyaḥ
Genitive रथस्य
ráthasya
रथयोः
ráthayoḥ
रथानाम्
ráthānām
Locative रथे
ráthe
रथयोः
ráthayoḥ
रथेषु
rátheṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic
Descendants[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From verbal root रम् (ram, to delight, be glad, rejoice etc.).

Noun[edit]

रथ (ratham

  1. pleasure, joy, delight (compare मनोरथ (mano-ratha))
  2. affection, love
Declension[edit]
Masculine a-stem declension of रथ (ratha)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative रथः
rathaḥ
रथौ
rathau
रथाः / रथासः¹
rathāḥ / rathāsaḥ¹
Vocative रथ
ratha
रथौ
rathau
रथाः / रथासः¹
rathāḥ / rathāsaḥ¹
Accusative रथम्
ratham
रथौ
rathau
रथान्
rathān
Instrumental रथेन
rathena
रथाभ्याम्
rathābhyām
रथैः / रथेभिः¹
rathaiḥ / rathebhiḥ¹
Dative रथाय
rathāya
रथाभ्याम्
rathābhyām
रथेभ्यः
rathebhyaḥ
Ablative रथात्
rathāt
रथाभ्याम्
rathābhyām
रथेभ्यः
rathebhyaḥ
Genitive रथस्य
rathasya
रथयोः
rathayoḥ
रथानाम्
rathānām
Locative रथे
rathe
रथयोः
rathayoḥ
रथेषु
ratheṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

References[edit]