roth

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See also: Roth and roð

German[edit]

Adjective[edit]

roth (comparative röther, superlative am röthesten)

  1. Obsolete spelling of rot: red

Declension[edit]


Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish roth, from Proto-Celtic *rotos (wheel, chariot), from Proto-Indo-European *Hroth₂os.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

roth m (genitive singular rotha, nominative plural rothaí)

  1. (architecture, heraldry, mechanical engineering, pyrotechnics) wheel (multiple senses)
    1. (familiar) bicycle

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • "roth" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • roth” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • Entries containing “roth” in English-Irish Dictionary, An Gúm, 1959, by Tomás de Bhaldraithe.
  • Entries containing “roth” in New English-Irish Dictionary by Foras na Gaeilge.

Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *rotos (wheel, chariot), from Proto-Indo-European *Hróth₂os (compare Latin rota (wheel), Sanskrit रथ (rátha, chariot) and Old High German rad (wheel)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

roth m

  1. wheel
  2. disc
  3. sphere

Inflection[edit]

Masculine o-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative roth rothL roithL
Vocative roith rothL routhu
Accusative rothN rothL routhu
Genitive roithL roth rothN
Dative routhL rothaib rothaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Synonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
roth
also rroth after a proclitic
roth
pronounced with /r(ʲ)-/
roth
also rroth after a proclitic
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • roth” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish roth, from Proto-Celtic t-wheel, chariot, from Proto-Indo-European *Hroth₂os.

Noun[edit]

roth m (genitive singular rotha, plural rothan)

  1. wheel
    roth a' mhuilinnthe mill-wheel
    roth-cartacha cart-wheel
    roth mórthe driving-wheel of spinning-wheel
    eadar na rothanbetween the wheels
  2. rim (of a wheel)
  3. halo
    Tha roth mun ghealaich.There is a halo round the moon.

Further reading[edit]

  • roth” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.