roth

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: Roth and roð

German[edit]

Adjective[edit]

roth (comparative röther, superlative am röthesten)

  1. Obsolete spelling of rot: red

Declension[edit]


Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish roth, from Proto-Celtic *rotos (wheel, chariot), from Proto-Indo-European *Hroth₂os.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

roth m (genitive singular rotha, nominative plural rothaí)

  1. wheel

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *rotos (wheel, chariot), from Proto-Indo-European *Hróth₂os (compare Latin rota (wheel), Sanskrit रथ (rátha, chariot) and Old High German rad (wheel)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

roth m

  1. wheel
  2. disc
  3. sphere

Inflection[edit]

Masculine o-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative roth rothL roithL
Vocative roith rothL routhu
Accusative rothN rothL routhu
Genitive roithL roth rothN
Dative routhL rothaib rothaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Synonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
roth
also rroth after a proclitic
roth
pronounced with /r(ʲ)-/
roth
also rroth after a proclitic
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish roth, from Proto-Celtic *rotos (wheel, chariot), from Proto-Indo-European *Hroth₂os.

Noun[edit]

roth m (genitive singular rotha, plural rothan)

  1. wheel
    roth a' mhuilinn‎ ― the mill-wheel
    roth-cartach‎ ― a cart-wheel
    roth mór‎ ― the driving-wheel of spinning-wheel
    eadar na rothan‎ ― between the wheels
  2. rim (of a wheel)
  3. halo
    Tha roth mun ghealaich.
    There is a halo round the moon.