- 1 English
- 2 Basque
- 3 Irish
- 4 Scottish Gaelic
- toyle (obsolete)
From Middle English toilen, toylen, apparently a conflation of Anglo-Norman toiller (“to agitate, stir up, entangle”) (compare Old Northern French tooillier, tooullier (“to agitate, stir”); of unknown origin), and Middle English tilyen, telien, teolien, tolen, tolien, tulien (“to till, work, labour”), from Old English tilian, telian, teolian, tiolian (“to exert oneself, toil, work, make, generate, strive after, try, endeavor, procure, obtain, gain, provide, tend, cherish, cultivate, till, plough, trade, traffic, aim at, aspire to, treat, cure”) (compare Middle Dutch tuylen, teulen (“to till, work, labour”)), from Proto-Germanic *tilōną (“to strive, reach for, aim for, hurry”). Cognate with Scots tulyie (“to quarrel, flite, contend”).
An alternate etymology derives Middle English toilen, toylen directly from Middle Dutch tuylen, teulen (“to work, labour, till”), from tuyl ("agriculture, labour, toil"; > Modern Dutch tuil (“toil; work”)). Cognate with Old Frisian teula (“to labour, toil”), teule (“labour, work”), Dutch tuil (“toil, labour”). Compare also Dutch telen (“to grow; raise; cultivate, till”). More at till.
- labour, work, especially of a grueling nature
- trouble, strife
- A net or snare; any thread, web, or string spread for taking prey; usually in the plural.
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
- (intransitive) To labour; work.
- (intransitive) To struggle.
- (transitive) To work (something); often with out.
- (transitive) To weary through excessive labour.
toil f (genitive singular tola)
|Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.|
- “tol” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
- “toil” in Foclóir Gaeḋilge agus Béarla, Irish Texts Society, 2nd ed., 1927, by Patrick S. Dinneen.
- "toil" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
|Scottish Gaelic mutation|
|Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every|
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.