had

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See also: -had and háð

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

had

  1. simple past tense and past participle of have
    • 1814, Jane Austen, Mansfield Park:
      About thirty years ago, Miss Maria Ward of Huntingdon, with only seven thousand pounds, had the good luck to captivate Sir Thomas Bertram, of Mansfield Park, in the county of Northampton [].
  2. (auxiliary) Used to form the pluperfect tense, expressing a completed action in the past (+ past participle).
    • 2011, Ben Cooper, The Guardian, 15 April:
      Cooper seems an odd choice, but imagine if they had taken MTV's advice and chosen Robert Pattinson?
  3. (auxiliary, now rare) As past subjunctive: ‘would have’.
    • 1499, John Skelton, The Bowge of Courte:
      To holde myne honde, by God, I had grete payne; / For forthwyth there I had him slayne, / But that I drede mordre wolde come oute [].
    • 1603, John Florio, translating Michel de Montaigne, Essayes, London: Edward Blount, OCLC 946730821, II.4:
      Julius Cæsar had escaped death, if going to the Senate-house, that day wherein he was murthered by the Conspirators, he had read a memorial which was presented unto him.
    • 1849, Alfred, Lord Tennyson, In Memoriam, 24:
      If all was good and fair we met, / This earth had been the Paradise / It never look’d to human eyes / Since our first Sun arose and set.

Related terms[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

Had, like that, is one of a very few words to be correctly used twice in succession in English, e.g. He had had several operations previously.

Statistics[edit]

Most common English words before 1923: it · for · as · #16: had · you · not · be

Anagrams[edit]


Afrikaans[edit]

Verb[edit]

had

  1. preterite of ; had

Breton[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *satos, from *sh₁-tó-, past participle of Proto-Indo-European *seh₁- ‎(to sow). Cognate with English seed.

Noun[edit]

had m ‎(plural hadoù)

  1. (botany) seed

Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *gadъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

had m

  1. snake

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

External links[edit]

  • had in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • had in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse hatr, from Proto-Germanic *hataz, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱeh₂d- ‎(hate), *ḱād-.

Noun[edit]

had n (singular definite hadet, not used in plural form)

  1. hate, hatred

Related terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

had

  1. imperative of hade

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

had

  1. singular past indicative of hebben

Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Hungarian hadu, from Proto-Ugric *kontə, from Proto-Finno-Ugric [Term?] *kunta.[1] Cognate with Finnish kunta.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

had ‎(plural hadak)

  1. (military) army

Declension[edit]

Inflection (plural in -ak, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative had hadak
accusative hadat hadakat
dative hadnak hadaknak
instrumental haddal hadakkal
causal-final hadért hadakért
translative haddá hadakká
terminative hadig hadakig
essive-formal hadként hadakként
essive-modal
inessive hadban hadakban
superessive hadon hadakon
adessive hadnál hadaknál
illative hadba hadakba
sublative hadra hadakra
allative hadhoz hadakhoz
elative hadból hadakból
delative hadról hadakról
ablative hadtól hadaktól
Possessive forms of had
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. hadam hadaim
2nd person sing. hadad hadaid
3rd person sing. hada hadai
1st person plural hadunk hadaink
2nd person plural hadatok hadaitok
3rd person plural haduk hadaik

Derived terms[edit]

(Compound words):

References[edit]

  1. ^ András Róna-Tas & Árpád Berta, West Old Turkic: Turkic Loanwords in Hungarian. Part 2: L-Z, Conclusions, Apparatus (Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2011), 1277.

Jersey Dutch[edit]

Verb[edit]

had

  1. had
    • 1912, Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsche taal— en letterkunde, volumes 31-32, page 309:
      En kääd'l had twî jongers; []
      A man had two sons. []

Novial[edit]

Verb[edit]

had

  1. past tense of ha

Old English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *haiduz ‎(state, condition, rank, person). Akin to Old Norse heiðr ‎(dignity, honor), Gothic 𐌷𐌰𐌹𐌳𐌿𐍃 ‎(haidus, manner).

Noun[edit]

hād m ‎(nominative plural hāda)

  1. person, individual; character
  2. individuality
  3. rank, order; degree
  4. honor, dignity
  5. office (esp religious)
  6. state, condition; nature, manner
  7. sex, gender
  8. race; kindred, family; tribe, group
  9. choir

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Slovak[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *gadъ.

Noun[edit]

had m ‎(genitive singular hada, nominative plural hady, declension pattern of dub)

  1. snake, serpent

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

External links[edit]

  • had in Slovak dictionaries at korpus.sk

Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Arabic حَدّ ‎(ḥadd).

Noun[edit]

had ‎(definite accusative hadı, plural hadlar)

  1. limit
  2. boundary

Upper Sorbian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *gadъ.

Noun[edit]

had m

  1. snake, serpent

Welsh[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *sato-, from Proto-Indo-European *sh₁-tó-, past participle of *seh₁- ‎(to sow). Cognate with English seed.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

had m ‎(collective, singulative hedyn, plural hadau)

  1. seed, seeds (collectively)