had

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: -had and háð

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English hadde (preterite), yhad (past participle), from Old English hæfde (first and third person singular preterite), ġehæfd (past participle), from Proto-Germanic *habd-, past and past participle stem of *habjaną (to have), equivalent to have +‎ -ed. Cognate with Dutch had, German hatte, Swedish hade, Icelandic hafði.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (stressed) IPA(key): /hæd/
  • (had to): IPA(key): /hæt/
  • (unstressed) IPA(key): /həd/, /əd/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -æd

Verb[edit]

had

  1. Simple past tense and past participle of have.
    This morning I had an egg for breakfast.
    A good time was had by all.
  2. (auxiliary, followed by a past participle) Used to form the past perfect tense, expressing an action that took place prior to a reference point that is itself in the past.
    I felt sure that I had seen him before.
    • 2011 April 15, Ben Cooper, The Guardian, London:
      Cooper seems an odd choice, but imagine if they had taken MTV's advice and chosen Robert Pattinson?
  3. (auxiliary, now rare) As past subjunctive: would have.
    • 1499, John Skelton, The Bowge of Courte:
      To holde myne honde, by God, I had grete payne; / For forthwyth there I had him slayne, / But that I drede mordre wolde come oute [].
    • 1603, Michel de Montaigne, chapter 4, in John Florio, transl., The Essayes [], book II, London: [] Val[entine] Simmes for Edward Blount [], OCLC 946730821:
      Julius Cæsar had escaped death, if going to the Senate-house, that day wherein he was murthered by the Conspirators, he had read a memorial which was presented unto him.
    • 1849, Alfred, Lord Tennyson, In Memoriam, 24:
      If all was good and fair we met, / This earth had been the Paradise / It never look’d to human eyes / Since our first Sun arose and set.

Derived terms[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

Had, like that, is one of a small number of words to be correctly used twice in succession in English in a non-contrived way, e.g. “He had had several operations previously.”

Anagrams[edit]


Afrikaans[edit]

Verb[edit]

had

  1. preterite of ; had

Breton[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *satos, from *sh₁-tó-, past participle of Proto-Indo-European *seh₁- (to sow). Cognate with English seed.

Noun[edit]

had m (plural hadoù)

  1. (botany) seed

Central Cagayan Agta[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

had

  1. (interrogative) where

Czech[edit]

Czech Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia cs

Etymology[edit]

From Old Czech had, from Proto-Slavic *gadъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

had m anim

  1. snake

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • had in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • had in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse hatr, from Proto-Germanic *hataz, from Proto-Indo-European *keh₂d- (hate).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

had n (singular definite hadet, not used in plural form)

  1. hate, hatred

Related terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

had

  1. imperative of hade

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

had

  1. singular past indicative of hebben

Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Hungarian hodu, from Proto-Ugric *kontə, from Proto-Finno-Ugric *kunta.[1] Cognate with Finnish kunta.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

had (plural hadak)

  1. (military) army
  2. (military, in compound words or phrases) war

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in -a-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative had hadak
accusative hadat hadakat
dative hadnak hadaknak
instrumental haddal hadakkal
causal-final hadért hadakért
translative haddá hadakká
terminative hadig hadakig
essive-formal hadként hadakként
essive-modal
inessive hadban hadakban
superessive hadon hadakon
adessive hadnál hadaknál
illative hadba hadakba
sublative hadra hadakra
allative hadhoz hadakhoz
elative hadból hadakból
delative hadról hadakról
ablative hadtól hadaktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
hadé hadaké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
hadéi hadakéi
Possessive forms of had
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. hadam hadaim
2nd person sing. hadad hadaid
3rd person sing. hada hadai
1st person plural hadunk hadaink
2nd person plural hadatok hadaitok
3rd person plural haduk hadaik

Derived terms[edit]

Compound words
Expressions

References[edit]

  1. ^ Róna-Tas, András; Berta, Árpád; Károly, László (2011) West Old Turkic: Turkic Loanwords in Hungarian (Turcologica; 84), volume II, Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, page 1277

Further reading[edit]

  • had in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

Jersey Dutch[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

had

  1. singular past indicative of hävve; had.
    • 1912, Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsche taal— en letterkunde, volumes 31-32, page 309:
      En kääd'l had twî jongers; []
      A man had two sons. []

Matal[edit]

Verb[edit]

had

  1. to walk, go
    Kamkam, kahad à Urusalima aw! (Sləray 21:21)[1]
    Don't go to Jerusalem! (Acts 21:12)

References[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Noun[edit]

had

  1. Alternative form of hod

Old Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *gadъ.

Noun[edit]

had m

  1. snake

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Czech: had

Further reading[edit]

  • had”, in Vokabulář webový: webové hnízdo pramenů k poznání historické češtiny [online][1], Praha: Ústav pro jazyk český AV ČR, 2006–2020

Old English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *haiduz (state, condition, rank, person). Akin to Old Norse heiðr (dignity, honor), Gothic 𐌷𐌰𐌹𐌳𐌿𐍃 (haidus, manner).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hād m

  1. person, individual
  2. a character
    • c. 1011, Byrhtferth, Manual
      Þonne sē sċop inn ġebringþ ōðre hādas þe wiþ hine wordliġen swelċe hīe him andswariġen, þonne biþ sēo ġesetnes "ġemǣnu" oþþe "ġemenġedu" ġeċīeġed.
      When the poet introduces other characters who talk to him as if they're answering him, the composition is called "common" or "mixed."
  3. individuality
  4. rank, status
  5. a person of the Trinity
    • c. 992, Ælfric, "Of the Catholic Faith"
      Nis sē Fæder āna Þrīnes, oþþe sē Sunu Þrīnes, oþþe sē Hālga Gāst Þrīnes, ac þās þrī hādas sind ān god on ānre godcundnesse.
      The Trinity is not the Father alone, or the Son, or the Holy Spirit; these three persons are one god in one godhead.
  6. honor, dignity
  7. office (esp religious)
  8. state, condition; nature, manner
  9. gender
    • c. 992, Ælfric, "On the Nativity of the Holy Virgins"
      Sēo ġelaðung is ġegaderod of ǣġðres hādes mannum, þæt is, werhādes and wīfhādes.
      The church is gathered from people of each gender, that is, the male sex and the female sex.
  10. (grammar) grammatical person
    • c. 995, Ælfric, Excerptiones de Arte Grammatica Anglice
      Þrī hādas sind worda. Sē forma hād is þe spricþ be him selfum ānum ("iċ seċġe", oþþe mid ōðrum mannum on maniġfealdum ġetæle, "wē seċġaþ"). Sē ōðer hād is þe sē forma spricþ tō ("þū sæġst", oþþe maniġfealdlīċe "ġē seċġaþ"). Sē þridda hād is be þǣm þe sē forma hād spricþ tō þǣm ōðrum hāde ("hē sæġþ", oþþe maniġfealdlīċe "hīe seċġaþ").
      Verbs have three persons. The first person talks about himself alone ("I say", or with other people in the plural, "we say"). The second person is whoever the first person talks to ("you say", or in the plural "y'all say"). The third person is whoever the first person talks about to the second person ("he says", or in the plural "they say").
  11. race; kindred, family; tribe, group
  12. choir

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Slovak[edit]

Slovak Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sk

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *gadъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

had m (genitive singular hada, nominative plural hady, genitive plural hadov, declension pattern of dub)

  1. snake, serpent

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • had in Slovak dictionaries at slovnik.juls.savba.sk

Sumerian[edit]

Romanization[edit]

had

  1. Romanization of 𒉺 (ḫad)

Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish حد(hadd), from Arabic حَدّ(ḥadd).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

had (definite accusative haddi, plural hadler)

  1. limit
  2. boundary

Declension[edit]

Inflection
Nominative had
Definite accusative haddi
Singular Plural
Nominative had hadler
Definite accusative haddi hadleri
Dative hadde hadlere
Locative hadde hadlerde
Ablative hadden hadlerden
Genitive haddin hadlerin

Upper Sorbian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *gadъ.

Noun[edit]

had m

  1. snake, serpent

Welsh[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Welsh hat, from Proto-Brythonic *had, from Proto-Celtic *satos, from Proto-Indo-European *sh₁-tó-, past participle of *seh₁- (to sow). Cognate with English seed.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

had m pl or m sg (singulative hedyn, plural hadau)

  1. seed, seeds (collectively)
  2. semen, sperm

Related terms[edit]


Yola[edit]

Verb[edit]

had

  1. Alternative form of ad (had)
    • 1867, GLOSSARY OF THE DIALECT OF FORTH AND BARGY:
      Ich woul ich had.
      I wish I had.

References[edit]

  • Jacob Poole (1867), William Barnes, editor, A Glossary, With some Pieces of Verse, of the old Dialect of the English Colony in the Baronies of Forth and Bargy, County of Wexford, Ireland, London: J. Russell Smith, page 79