hebben

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Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch hebben, from Old Dutch hebban, from Proto-Germanic *habjaną, from Proto-Indo-European *keh₂p- (to grasp). Compare Low German hebben, German haben, West Frisian hawwe, English have, Danish have.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

hebben (past singular had, past participle gehad)

  1. (transitive) To have; to possess, own, hold.
    Hebt u een minuut?
    Do you have a minute?
  2. (transitive, medicine) to be afflicted with a disease
    Ik heb longkanker.
    I have lung cancer.
  3. (transitive, auxiliary) Used to form the perfect tense of the active voice of most verbs, together with a past participle.
    Ik heb het koekje opgegeten.
    I have eaten the biscuit.
    Ze hadden hun auto net gewassen.
    They had only just washed their car.
  4. (transitive, auxiliary) Used to form the perfect tense with the modal verbs (kunnen, zullen, hoeven, moeten, mogen, willen, durven, zien, horen).
    Hij heeft naar huis moeten lopen.
    He has had to walk home.
    Ik heb hem horen praten.
    I have heard him speak.
    Dat had je zullen doen.
    You had been going to do that.

Conjugation[edit]

Inflection of hebben (weak, irregular)
infinitive hebben
past singular had
past participle gehad
infinitive hebben
gerund hebben n
verbal noun
present tense past tense
1st person singular heb had
2nd person sing. (jij) hebt had
2nd person sing. (u) hebt, heeft had
2nd person sing. (gij) hebt hadt
3rd person singular heeft had
plural hebben hadden
subjunctive sing.1 hebbe hadde
subjunctive plur.1 hebben hadden
imperative sing. heb
imperative plur.1 hebt
participles hebbend gehad
1) Archaic.

Usage notes[edit]

In spoken language of the Netherlands, heb is often used as second person singular present tense.

English: You didn't do that, did you?
Standard Dutch: Je hebt dat niet gedaan, toch?
Netherlandic: Je heb dat nie gedaan, toch?
Compare Flemish: G'ebt da toch nie gedaan? - ge/gij always requires a t

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Low German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Saxon hebbian, from Proto-Germanic *habjaną, from Proto-Indo-European *keh₂p- (to grasp). Compare Dutch hebben, German haben, West Frisian hawwe, English have, Danish have.

Verb[edit]

hebben (third-person singular simple present hett, past tense harr, past participle hatt, auxiliary verb hebben)

  1. to have

Conjugation[edit]


Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Dutch hebban, from Proto-Germanic *habjaną.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

hebben

  1. to have

Descendants[edit]