hat

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See also: HAT, hať, haț, hát, hät, hăț, hạt, and -hat

English[edit]

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 hat on Wikipedia
A rabbi in a kolpik hat.

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English hat, from Old English hæt (head-covering, hat), from Proto-Germanic *hattuz (hat), from Proto-Indo-European *kadʰ- (to guard, cover, care for, protect). Cognate with North Frisian hat (hat), Danish hat (hat), Swedish hatt (hat), Icelandic hattur (hat), Latin cassis (helmet), Lithuanian kudas (bird's crest or tuft), Avestan 𐬑𐬀𐬊𐬛𐬀(xaoda, hat), Persian خود(xud, helmet), Welsh caddu (to provide for, ensure). Compare also hood.

Noun[edit]

hat (plural hats)

  1. A covering for the head, often in the approximate form of a cone or a cylinder closed at its top end, and sometimes having a brim and other decoration.
  2. (figuratively) A particular role or capacity that a person might fill.
    • 1993, Susan Loesser, A Most Remarkable Fella: Frank Loesser and the Guys and Dolls in His Life: A Portrait by His Daughter, Hal Leonard Corporation (2000), →ISBN, p.121:
      My mother was wearing several hats in the early fifties: hostess, scout, wife, and mother.
  3. (figuratively) Any receptacle from which numbers/names are pulled out in a lottery.
    1. (figuratively, by extension) The lottery or draw itself.
      We're both in the hat: let's hope we come up against each other.
  4. (computer games) A hat switch.
    • 2002, Ernest Pazera, Focus on SDL, p.139:
      The third type of function allows you to check on the state of the joystick's buttons, axes, hats, and balls.
  5. (typography, nonstandard, rare) The háček symbol.
  6. (programming, informal) The caret symbol ^.
  7. (Internet slang) User rights on a website, such as the right to edit pages others cannot.
  8. (Cambridge University slang, obsolete) A student who is also the son of a nobleman (and so allowed to wear a hat instead of a mortarboard).
    • 1830, Bulwer-Lytton, Edward, chapter 32, in Paul Clifford:
      I knew intimately all the 'Hats' in the University, and I was henceforth looked up to by the 'Caps,' as if my head had gained the height of every hat that I knew.
Synonyms[edit]
Hyponyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Terms derived from hat (noun)
Descendants[edit]
  • Sranan Tongo: ati
Translations[edit]
See also[edit]

Verb[edit]

hat (third-person singular simple present hats, present participle hatting, simple past and past participle hatted)

  1. (transitive) To place a hat on.
    • 2004, David Mitchell, Cloud Atlas:
      After the maids had hatted and gloved the girls, the carriage was summoned and I was carted around one church after another.
  2. (transitive) To appoint as cardinal.
    • 1929, "Five New Hats," Time, 2 December, 1929, [2]
      It was truly a breathtaking rise. From the quiet school, Pope Pius XI had jumped Father Verdier over the heads of innumerable Bishops, made him Archbishop of Paris. Soon he was to be hatted a Prince of the Church and put in charge of the Cathedral of Notre-Dame.

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

hat

  1. (Scotland, Northern England or obsolete) simple past tense of hit
    When I axed him why he hat 'im, he said, "I ne know, I ne know, mate."
References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Cimbrian[edit]

Verb[edit]

hat

  1. third-person singular present indicative of haban

Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse hattr, hǫttr.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hat c (singular definite hatten, plural indefinite hatte)

  1. hat

Inflection[edit]


German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

hat

  1. Third-person singular present of haben.

Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Hungarian numbers (edit)
60
 ←  5 6 7  → 
    Cardinal: hat
    Nominal: hatos
    Ordinal: hatodik
    Day of month: hatodika
    Adverbial ordinal: hatodszor, hatodjára
    Adverbial: hatszor
    Multiplier: hatszoros
    Distributive: hatosával
    Collective: mind a hat
    Fractional: hatod
    Number of people: hatan

From Proto-Finno-Ugric *kutte (six). Cognates include Finnish kuusi, Mansi хо̄т (hōt), Khanty хәт (xət).

Numeral[edit]

hat

  1. six
Declension[edit]
Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative hat hatok
accusative hatot hatokat
dative hatnak hatoknak
instrumental hattal hatokkal
causal-final hatért hatokért
translative hattá hatokká
terminative hatig hatokig
essive-formal hatként hatokként
essive-modal
inessive hatban hatokban
superessive haton hatokon
adessive hatnál hatoknál
illative hatba hatokba
sublative hatra hatokra
allative hathoz hatokhoz
elative hatból hatokból
delative hatról hatokról
ablative hattól hatoktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
haté hatoké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
hatéi hatokéi
Possessive forms of hat
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. hatom hataim
hatjaim
2nd person sing. hatod hataid
hatjaid
3rd person sing. hata
hatja
hatai
hatjai
1st person plural hatunk hataink
hatjaink
2nd person plural hatotok hataitok
hatjaitok
3rd person plural hatuk
hatjuk
hataik
hatjaik
Derived terms[edit]
Compound words

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

hat

  1. (intransitive) to take effect, to be effective, to work
    Synonyms: hatásos, működik, beválik
  2. (intransitive) to affect, to have influence, to act (on something -ra/-re)
    Synonyms: kihat, érint, befolyásol
  3. (intransitive) to seem, appear (as something -nak/-nek)
    Synonyms: tűnik, látszik
Conjugation[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

(With verbal prefixes):

Further reading[edit]

  • (six): hat in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh: A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962.
  • (to take effect): hat in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh: A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962.

Interlingue[edit]

Verb[edit]

hat

  1. past and passive participle of har

Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hat

  1. h-prothesized form of at

Verb[edit]

hat

  1. h-prothesized form of at

Luxembourgish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

hat

  1. inflection of hunn:
    1. first/third-person singular preterite indicative
    2. second-person plural preterite indicative

Verb[edit]

hat

  1. inflection of haen:
    1. second-person plural present indicative
    2. second-person plural imperative

Maricopa[edit]

Noun[edit]

hat (plural haat)

  1. dog

Middle English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old English hæt, hætt, from Proto-Germanic *hattuz.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hat (plural hattes or hatten)

  1. A hat or cap; a piece of headgear or headwear.
  2. A helmet; a hat used as armour.
  3. (rare) A circlet or tiara; a ring-shaped piece of headgear.
  4. (rare) A circle of foam or mist.
  5. (rare) A area of hilly woodland.
Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old English hete, influenced by haten.

Noun[edit]

hat

  1. Alternative form of hate

North Frisian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Frisian hit.

Pronoun[edit]

hat

  1. it

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Bokmål Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nb

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse hatr, from Proto-Germanic *hataz.

Noun[edit]

hat n (definite singular hatet, indefinite plural hat, definite plural hata or hatene)

  1. hatred, hate
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

hat

  1. imperative of hate

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse hatr, from Proto-Germanic *hataz. Akin to English hate.

Noun[edit]

hat n (definite singular hatet, indefinite plural hat, definite plural hata)

  1. hatred, hate

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

hat

  1. imperative of hate

References[edit]


Old English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *haitaz. Cognate with Old Frisian hēt (West Frisian hjit), Old Saxon hēt, Dutch heet, Old High German heiz (German heiß), Old Norse heitr (Swedish het). Cognate to Albanian ethe (shiver, fiever), dialectal hethe and ith (warmth, body heat), dialectal hith.

Adjective[edit]

hāt

  1. hot, fierce
    Ðeos wyrt byþ cenned on hatum stowumThis plant is grown in hot places.
Declension[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old English hātan.

Noun[edit]

hāt n

  1. a promise

Swedish[edit]

Swedish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sv

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse hatr, from Proto-Germanic *hataz.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hat n (uncountable)

  1. hatred, haught

Declension[edit]

Declension of hat 
Uncountable
Indefinite Definite
Nominative hat hatet
Genitive hats hatets

Related terms[edit]


Tok Pisin[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From English hat.

Noun[edit]

hat

  1. hat

Etymology 2[edit]

From English hard.

Adverb[edit]

hat

  1. hard
    • 1989, Buk Baibel long Tok Pisin, Port Moresby: Bible Society of Papua New Guinea, 3:19:
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
Related terms[edit]
This entry has fewer than three known examples of actual usage, the minimum considered necessary for clear attestation, and may not be reliable. Tok Pisin is subject to a special exemption for languages with limited documentation. If you speak it, please consider editing this entry or adding citations. See also Help and the Community Portal.

Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Arabic خَطّ(ḵaṭṭ).

Noun[edit]

hat (definite accusative hatı, plural hatlar)

  1. line
  2. writing

Declension[edit]

Inflection
Nominative hat
Definite accusative hatı
Singular Plural
Nominative hat hatlar
Definite accusative hatı hatları
Dative hata hatlara
Locative hatta hatlarda
Ablative hattan hatlardan
Genitive hatın hatların

Turkmen[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Arabic خَطّ(ḵaṭṭ).

Noun[edit]

hat (definite accusative haty, plural hatlar)

  1. letter (written message)