خود

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Persian[edit]

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Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Persian BNPŠE / 𐭡𐭭𐭯𐭱𐭤 ‎(xwad), from Old Persian [script needed] ‎(huva), from Proto-Iranian *hṷabya-, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *sṷe- ‎(reflexive pronoun), from the Proto-Indo-European *se.[1] (compare Avestan [script needed] ‎(xʷaδata))

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

خود ‎(xod)

  1. (reflexive) oneself
    • 2009, شادمهر عقیلی، تقدیر (Shadmehr Aghili, Taqdir)
      تو با خودت هم دشمنی.
      To bâ xodet ham došmani.
      You are an enemy even with yourself.
  2. (emphatic) one's own
    مادر خودت رو نمی‌شناسی؟
    Mâdar-e xodet ro nemi-šnâsi?
    Don't you recognize your own mother?
Synonyms[edit]
  • (reflexive, oneself): خویش ‎(xiš)

Noun[edit]

خود ‎(xod)

  1. self
Usage notes[edit]

In Modern Persian, when used as a noun, خود ‎(xod) is often followed by a personal pronoun suffix, e.g. خودم ‎(xodam, my self), خودت ‎(xodat, your self), etc.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pokorny 992

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Parthian xwwd ‎(*xōδ, helmet), from Old Iranian. The Parthian word is cognate with Old Persian 𐎧𐎢𐎭𐎠 ‎(xaudā-, hat), Avestan [script needed] ‎(xaoδa-, helmet), Ossetian ходӕ ‎(xodæ, hat). The native inherited form of the Persian is خوی ‎(xoy). Akin to Old Armenian խոյր ‎(xoyr), արտախոյր ‎(artaxoyr), Georgian ხვირი ‎(xviri), Arabic خوذة ‎(xūḏa(t)), Iranian borrowings.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

خود ‎(xud) ‎(plural خودها ‎(xud-hâ))

  1. helmet

References[edit]

  • խոյր in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University [Reprint of the original edition: 1926–1935, in 7 volumes, Yerevan]