-nak

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See also: nak, NAK, nák, nāk, -nák, and

Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Case suffix.

Suffix[edit]

-nak

  1. (case suffix) to, for. Used to form the dative case.
    húg (younger sister)Adtam egy könyvet a húgomnak. - I gave a book to my little sister.
Usage notes[edit]
  • (case suffix) Harmonic variants:
    -nak is added to back vowel words. Final -a changes to -á-.
    házigazda (host)Ajándékot hoztunk a házigazdának. - We brought gifts for the host.
    -nek is added to front vowel words. Final -e changes to -é-.
    gyerek (child)Vettem egy játékot a gyereknek. - I bought a toy for the child.
    körte (pear)A körtének jó íze van. - The pear tastes good.

Etymology 2[edit]

Personal suffix.

Suffix[edit]

-nak

  1. (personal suffix) third-person plural present tense (indicative mood, indefinite conjugation)
    olvas (read)olvasnak (they read, they are reading)
Usage notes[edit]
  • (personal suffix) Harmonic variants:
    -nak is added to back vowel verbs
    tanul (study)A gyerekek nem tanulnak eleget. - The children are not studying enough.
    -nek is added to front vowel verbs
    énekel (sing)A madarak énekelnek. - The birds are singing.
    -anak is added to front vowel verbs ending in two consonants or -ít
    tanít (teach)Mire tanítanak minket az állatok? - What do animals teach us?
    -enek is added to front vowel verbs ending in two consonants or -ít
    fest (paint)A gyerekek festenek. - The children are painting.

See also[edit]