-ek

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See also: ek, ek-, ék, -ék, Ek, EK, and ÉK

Breton[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ek

  1. Adjectival suffix
    douar (earth) + ‎-ek → ‎douarek (earthy, earthly)
    dour (water) + ‎-ek → ‎dourek (watery, humid)
    houarn (iron) + ‎-ek → ‎houarnek (ferrous)

Derived terms[edit]


Related terms[edit]


Cornish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Revived Middle Cornish) IPA(key): [-ɛk]
  • (Revived Late Cornish) IPA(key): [-ɐk]


Suffix[edit]

-ek

  1. Adjectival suffix
    mor (sea) + ‎-ek → ‎morek (maritime)
    spern (thorn bushes) + ‎-ek → ‎spernek (thorny)
    Frynk (France) + ‎-ek → ‎frynkek (French)

Derived terms[edit]



Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *-ъkъ.

Suffix[edit]

-ek m

  1. forms masculine diminutive nouns
    stůl + ‎-ek → ‎stolek

Declension[edit]

inanimate declension:

animate declension:

Derived terms[edit]


Further reading[edit]


Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

-e- (linking vowel) +‎ -k (plural suffix)

Suffix[edit]

-ek

  1. (plural suffix) -s, -es
    kert (garden)kertek (gardens)
Usage notes[edit]
  • (plural suffix) Harmonic variants:
    -k is added to words ending in a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-. Final -e changes to -é-.
    (woman) →‎ k (women)
    fa (tree) →‎ k (trees)
    csésze (cup) →‎ csészék (cups)
    -ak is added to some back-vowel words ending in a consonant:
    ház (house) →‎ házak (houses)
    -ok is added to most back-vowel words ending in a consonant:
    pad (bench) →‎ padok (benches)
    -ek is added to unrounded (and some rounded) front-vowel words ending in a consonant:
    kert (garden) →‎ kertek (gardens)
    könyv (book) →‎ könyvek (books)
    -ök is added to most rounded front-vowel words ending in a consonant:
    kör (circle) →‎ körök (circles)
  • Note that the plural form is not used after definite and indefinite numerals in Hungarian (e.g. három könyv – three books, néhány óra múlva – in a few hours), only if there is no numeral before the phrase. There are very few (traditional, archaic) exceptions, including háromkirályok, mindenszentek, összes művei/versei/költeményei/elbeszélései (compare plural -i after a possessive suffix), as well as minden oroszok cárja and minden világok legjobbika; the present-day forms would have orosz and világ.
  • The regular plural suffix for adjectives is -ak (e.g. okosak (smart/clever ones)), while about a dozen adjectives take -ok, especially those ending in -k/-g (vakok (blind ones), gazdagok (rich ones), vastagok (thick ones), boldogok (happy ones), hanyagok (negligent ones), hazugok (lying ones), álnokok (treacherous ones), undokok (nasty ones)), some other adjectives with different endings (szabadok (free ones), bolondok (foolish ones), nagyok (big ones), fiatalok (young ones), aljasok (base ones), mások (different ones), kopaszok (bald ones)), as well as nationality names (see the back-vowel terms in their category) and adjectives formed with -talan, -atlan, and -tlan. On the other hand, rounded front-vowel adjectives normally take -ek (e.g. zöldek (green ones)), except for nationality names (see the rounded front-vowel terms in their category).
  • If a word can be both a noun and an adjective, the form of its ending gives information about its function, e.g. komikusok “comedians” (a noun), komikusak “comical ones” (an adjective as part of the predicate). The same distinction also exists with words with rounded front vowels, e.g. ismerős, where ismerősök is used as a noun (“acquaintances”) while ismerősek means “familiar ones” (as part of the predicate).

Etymology 2[edit]

-e- (linking vowel) +‎ -k (personal suffix)

Suffix[edit]

-ek

  1. (personal suffix) Used to form the first-person singular present tense of verbs (indicative mood, indefinite conjugation).
    kér (to ask)kérek (I ask, I am asking)
Usage notes[edit]
  • (personal suffix) Variants:
    -ok is added to back-vowel verbs
    -ek is added to unrounded front-vowel verbs
    -ök is added to rounded front-vowel verbs
    -om may be added to back-vowel -ik verbs
    -em may be added to unrounded front-vowel -ik verbs
    -öm may be added to rounded front-vowel -ik verbs

See also[edit]


Kurdish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with yek (one)

Article[edit]

-ek

  1. a, an (indefinite article)

Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *-ъkъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ek m

  1. masculine diminutive noun suffix

Declension[edit]

Masculine personal:

Masculine animate:

Masculine inanimate:

Derived terms[edit]



Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ek (Cyrillic spelling -ек)

  1. Suffix appended to the present stem of verbs or nouns to form an adjective denoting a feature or a dimension.

See also[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ek (Cyrillic spelling -ек)

  1. (Kajkavian) Suffix appended to words to create a masculine noun, usually denoting a performer, feature, human relation, result of an action, object, diminutive or a proper name.

Yup'ik[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ek

  1. ablative-modalis case ending

Usage notes[edit]

A historical merger of ablative and modalis (instrumental). It performs a wide range of adverbial and syntactic functions.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Miyaoka, Osahito (2012) A Grammar of Central Alaskan Yupik (CAY) (in English), Berlin/Boston: Walter de Gruyter GmbH, →ISBN, page 750