-ek

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See also: ek, ek-, ék, -ék, Ek, EK, and ÉK

Breton[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ek

  1. Adjectival suffix
    douar (earth) + ‎-ek → ‎douarek (earthy, earthly)
    dour (water) + ‎-ek → ‎dourek (watery, humid)
    houarn (iron) + ‎-ek → ‎houarnek (ferrous)

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Cornish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Revived Middle Cornish) IPA(key): [-ɛk]
  • (Revived Late Cornish) IPA(key): [-ɐk]

Suffix[edit]

-ek

  1. Adjectival suffix
    mor (sea) + ‎-ek → ‎morek (maritime)
    spern (thorn bushes) + ‎-ek → ‎spernek (thorny)
    Frynk (France) + ‎-ek → ‎frynkek (French)

Derived terms[edit]


Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *-ъkъ.

Suffix[edit]

-ek m

  1. forms masculine diminutive nouns
    stůl + ‎-ek → ‎stolek

Declension[edit]

inanimate declension:

animate declension:

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • -ek in Slovník afixů užívaných v češtině, 2017

Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

-e- (linking vowel) +‎ -k (plural suffix)

Suffix[edit]

-ek

  1. (plural suffix) -s, -es
    kert (garden)kertek (gardens)
Usage notes[edit]
  • (plural suffix) Harmonic variants:
    -k is added to words ending in a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-. Final -e changes to -é-.
    (woman) →‎ k (women)
    fa (tree) →‎ k (trees)
    csésze (cup) →‎ csészék (cups)
    -ak is added to some back-vowel words ending in a consonant:
    ház (house) →‎ házak (houses)
    -ok is added to most back-vowel words ending in a consonant:
    pad (bench) →‎ padok (benches)
    -ek is added to unrounded (and some rounded) front-vowel words ending in a consonant:
    kert (garden) →‎ kertek (gardens)
    könyv (book) →‎ könyvek (books)
    -ök is added to most rounded front-vowel words ending in a consonant:
    kör (circle) →‎ körök (circles)
  • Note that the plural form is not used after definite and indefinite numerals in Hungarian: három könyv (three books), néhány óra múlva (in a few hours’ time). There are very few (traditional, archaic) exceptions, including háromkirályok (the Three Magi), mindenszentek (All Saints), and certain archaic phrases with összes (all) and minden (every) (see their Usage notes).
  • The regular plural suffix for back-vowel adjectives is -ak, for example okosak (smart/clever ones). On the other hand, ethnonyms take -ok (e.g. olaszok (Italians), see the back-vowel terms in their category), as well as some other adjectives, including privative (“…-less”) ones (formed with -talan, -atlan, or -tlan). Rounded front-vowel adjectives normally take -ek, for example zöldek (green ones), except for demonyms (see rounded front-vowel terms in their category).
  • If a word can be both a noun and an adjective, the form of its ending gives information about its function, e.g. játékosok (players, noun) and játékosak (playful, adjective as part of a plural predicate). The same distinction also exists with words with rounded front vowels, e.g. ismerős: ismerősök (acquaintances, noun) and ismerősek (familiar, adjective as part of a plural predicate).

Etymology 2[edit]

-e- (linking vowel) +‎ -k (personal suffix)

Suffix[edit]

-ek

  1. (personal suffix) Used to form the first-person singular present tense of verbs (indicative mood, indefinite conjugation).
    kér (to ask)kérek (I ask, I am asking)
Usage notes[edit]
  • (personal suffix) Variants:
    -ok is added to back-vowel verbs
    -ek is added to unrounded front-vowel verbs
    -ök is added to rounded front-vowel verbs
    -om may be added to back-vowel -ik verbs
    -em may be added to unrounded front-vowel -ik verbs
    -öm may be added to rounded front-vowel -ik verbs

See also[edit]


Northern Kurdish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with yek (one).

Article[edit]

-ek

  1. a, an (indefinite article)

Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *-ъkъ.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ek m (diminutive -eczek)

  1. masculine diminutive noun suffix
    dół + ‎-ek → ‎dołek
    Jarosław + ‎-ek → ‎Jarek

Declension[edit]

Masculine personal:

Note: The masculine personal nominative plural ending -ki is rare and mostly limited to depreciative forms or humorous expressions such as bawidamek, gagatek, złodziejaszek, hultajek, psotniczek, łobuziaczek.

Masculine animate:

Masculine inanimate:

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

  • (forming nicknames)

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ek (Cyrillic spelling -ек)

  1. Suffix appended to the present stem of verbs or nouns to form an adjective denoting a feature or a dimension.

See also[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ek (Cyrillic spelling -ек)

  1. (Kajkavian) Suffix appended to words to create a masculine noun, usually denoting a performer, feature, human relation, result of an action, object, diminutive or a proper name.

Yup'ik[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ek

  1. ablative-modalis case ending

Usage notes[edit]

A historical merger of ablative and modalis (instrumental). It performs a wide range of adverbial and syntactic functions.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Miyaoka, Osahito (2012) A Grammar of Central Alaskan Yupik (CAY) (in English), Berlin/Boston: Walter de Gruyter GmbH, →ISBN, page 750