-ek

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See also: ek, ek-, ék, -ék, Ek, EK, and ÉK

Breton[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ek

  1. Adjectival suffix

Derived terms[edit]


Related terms[edit]


Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *-ъkъ.

Suffix[edit]

-ek m

  1. masculine diminutive noun suffix

Derived terms[edit]



Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

-e- ‎(linking vowel) +‎ -k ‎(plural suffix)

Suffix[edit]

-ek

  1. (plural suffix) -s, -es
    kert ‎(garden) → kertek ‎(gardens)
Usage notes[edit]
  • (plural suffix) Harmonic variants:
    -k is added to words ending in a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-. Final -e changes to -é-.
    ‎(woman) →‎ k ‎(women)
    fa ‎(tree) →‎ k ‎(trees)
    csésze ‎(cup) →‎ csészék ‎(cups)
    -ak is added to some back vowel words ending in a consonant
    ház ‎(house) →‎ házak ‎(houses)
    -ok is added to some back vowel words ending in a consonant
    pad ‎(bench) →‎ padok ‎(benches)
    -ek is added to unrounded front vowel words ending in a consonant
    kert ‎(garden) →‎ kertek ‎(gardens)
    -ök is added to rounded front vowel words ending in a consonant
    circle →‎ körök ‎(circles)

Etymology 2[edit]

-e- ‎(linking vowel) +‎ -k ‎(personal suffix)

Suffix[edit]

-ek

  1. (personal suffix) Used to form the first-person singular present tense of verbs (indicative mood, indefinite conjugation).
    kér ‎(to ask) → kérek ‎(I ask, I am asking)
Usage notes[edit]
  • (personal suffix) Variants:
    -ok is added to back vowel verbs
    -ek is added to unrounded front vowel verbs
    -ök is added to rounded front vowel verbs
    -om is added to back vowel -ik verbs
    -em is added to unrounded front vowel -ik verbs
    -öm is added to rounded front vowel -ik verbs

See also[edit]


Kurdish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with yek (one)

Article[edit]

-ek

  1. a, an (indefinite article)

Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *-ъkъ.

Suffix[edit]

-ek m

  1. masculine diminutive noun suffix

Declension[edit]

* for impersonal nouns

** for inanimate nouns

Derived terms[edit]



Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ek (Cyrillic spelling -ек)

  1. Suffix appended to the present stem of verbs or nouns to form an adjective denoting a feature or a dimension.

See also[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ek (Cyrillic spelling -ек)

  1. (Kajkavian) Suffix appended to words to create a masculine noun, usually denoting a performer, feature, human relation, result of an action, object, diminutive or a proper name.

Yup'ik[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ek

  1. ablative-modalis case ending

Usage notes[edit]

A historical merger of ablative and modalis (instrumental). It performs a wide range of adverbial and syntactic functions.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2012, Osahito Miyaoka, A Grammar of Central Alaskan Yupik (CAY) (in English), Berlin/Boston: Walter de Gruyter GmbH, ISBN 978-3-11-027820-0, page 750: