-ci

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From ici.

Pronunciation[edit]

Particle[edit]

-ci

  1. this: always used with ce or pronouns such as celui, celle
    Antonym: -là
    Cet homme-ci n'est pas mon mari
    This man is not my husband.
    Cette maison-ci va brûler
    This house is going to burn.

Derived terms[edit]


Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

-c (diminutive suffix) + -i (diminutive suffix)[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ci

  1. (diminutive suffix) Used mostly in given names, but also in other words.
    LászlóLaci
    futballfoci

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ -ci in Zaicz, Gábor (ed.). Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (’Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN.  (See also its 2nd edition.)

Italian[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

-ci

  1. enclitic form of ci; appended to present active infinitive verb forms to derive reflexive, accusative and dative forms when the object is first plural person
    dare (to give)darci (to give ourselves; to give us; to give for us)
    vendere (to sell)venderci (to sell ourselves; to sell us; to sell to us)
    servire (to serve)servirci (to serve ourselves; to serve us; to serve to us)

Usage notes[edit]

The final -e of the original infinitive is removed :

-are-arci
-ere-erci
-ire-irci

Where the verb ends in -rre, the final re is removed, leaving behind just an -r:

introdurre (to introduce)introdurci (to introduce ourselves; to introduce us; to insert in us)

In any case, after the suffixation, there is only a single r and no vowels immediately before -ci.


Latin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Declined forms of -cus (adjectival suffix).

Suffix[edit]

-cī

  1. inflection of -cus:
    1. nominative/vocative masculine plural
    2. genitive masculine/neuter singular

Etymology 2[edit]

A declined form of -cum (nominal suffix).

Suffix[edit]

-cī n

  1. genitive singular of -cum

Nupe[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ci

  1. (added to nouns) Used to form an agent noun
    ebasan (divination) + ‎-ci → ‎ebasanci (diviner)
    nuwangbin (swimming) + ‎-ci → ‎nuwangbinci (swimmer)
    dòkò (horse) + ‎-ci → ‎dòkòci (horse-rider)
    enunù (hoeing) + ‎-ci → ‎enunùci (farmer)
  2. (added to a proper noun) Suffix denoting a resident or inhabitant of (the place denoted by the proper noun); used to form a demonym
    Nupe (Nupe) + ‎-ci → ‎Nupeci (Nupe person)
    Pátígi (Patigi) + ‎-ci → ‎Pátígici (Patigi person)
    latí (farm) + ‎-ci → ‎latíci (rural person)

Derived terms[edit]

(agent suffix):

(demonymic suffix):

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ci

  1. Used to form ordinal numerals
    Twabàci (Seventh)

Further reading[edit]

  • Alhaji, Gabra Ibrahim A Morphological Analysis of Nouns and Adjectives In The Nupe Language, 2012

Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish ـجی‎, from Proto-Turkic *-či.


Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ci

  1. Suffix appended to words to create a noun, denoting a profession, occupation or inclination.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]