dare

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See also: dåre

English[edit]

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Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old English durran, from Proto-Germanic *durzaną, from Proto-Indo-European. Cognate with Ancient Greek θαρσεῖν (tharsein), Lithuanian drįsti.

Verb[edit]

dare (third-person singular simple present dare or dares, present participle daring, simple past and past participle dared)

  1. (intransitive) To have enough courage (to do something).
    I wouldn't dare argue with my boss.
    • Shakespeare
      The fellow dares not deceive me.
    • Macaulay
      Why then did not the ministers use their new law? Because they durst not, because they could not.
  2. (transitive) To defy or challenge (someone to do something)
    I dare you to kiss that girl.
  3. (transitive) To have enough courage to meet or do something, go somewhere, etc.; to face up to
    Will you dare death to reach your goal?
    • The Century
      To wrest it from barbarism, to dare its solitudes.
  4. (transitive) To terrify; to daunt.
    • Beaumont and Fletcher
      For I have done those follies, those mad mischiefs, / Would dare a woman.
  5. (transitive) To catch (larks) by producing terror through the use of mirrors, scarlet cloth, a hawk, etc., so that they lie still till a net is thrown over them.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Nares to this entry?)
Usage notes[edit]
  • Dare is a semimodal verb. The speaker can choose whether to use the auxiliary "to" when forming negative and interrogative sentences. For example, "I don't dare (to) go" and "I dare not go" are both correct. Similarly "Dare you go?" and "Do you dare (to) go?" are both correct.
  • In negative and interrogative sentences where "do" is not used, the third-person singular form of the verb is usually "dare" and not "dares": "Dare he go? He dare not go."
  • Colloquially, "dare not" can be contracted to "daren't".
  • The expression dare say, used almost exclusively in the first-person singular and in the present tense, means "think probable". It is also spelt daresay.
  • Historically, the simple past of dare was durst. In the 1830s, it was overtaken by dared, which has been markedly more common ever since.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Noun[edit]

dare (plural dares)

  1. A challenge to prove courage.
  2. The quality of daring; venturesomeness; boldness.
    • Shakespeare
      It lends a lustre [] / A large dare to our great enterprise.
  3. defiance; challenge
    • Chapman
      Childish, unworthy dares / Are not enought to part our powers.
    • Shakespeare
      Sextus Pompeius / Hath given the dare to Caesar.
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Old English darian.

Verb[edit]

dare (third-person singular simple present dares, present participle daring, simple past and past participle dared)

  1. (obsolete) To stare stupidly or vacantly; to gaze as though amazed or terrified. [13th-16th c.]
  2. (obsolete) To lie or crouch down in fear. [13th-16th c.]
    • 1485, Sir Thomas Malory, Le Morte Darthur, Book XX:
      ‘Sir, here bene knyghtes com of kyngis blod that woll nat longe droupe and dare within thys wallys.’

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

dare (plural dares)

  1. A small fish, the dace.
    • 1766, Richard Brookes, The art of angling, rock and sea-fishing
      The Dare is not unlike a Chub, but proportionably less; his Body is more white and flatter, and his Tail more forked.

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.

Anagrams[edit]


Crimean Tatar[edit]

Noun[edit]

dare

  1. (music) tambourine

Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin dare, present active infinitive of , from Proto-Indo-European *deh₃- (to give).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

dare

  1. (transitive) To give, to transfer the possession/holding of something to someone else.
  2. (transitive) To yield, to bear, to give, to produce, to return.

Conjugation[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

The imperative forms of the second-person singular are compounded with pronouns as follows:

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

dare m (plural dari)

  1. debit

Anagrams[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

dare

  1. rōmaji reading of だれ

Latin[edit]

Verb[edit]

dare

  1. present active infinitive of
  2. second-person singular present passive imperative of