stomach

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English[edit]

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Stomach (with mucosal surface partly exposed)

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English stomak, from Old French estomac, from Latin stomachus, from Ancient Greek στόμαχος (stómakhos), from στόμα (stóma, mouth).

Displaced native Middle English mawe, maghe, maȝe (stomach, maw) from Old English maga (stomach, maw), Middle English bouk, buc (belly, stomach) from Old English būc (belly, stomach), see bucket.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈstʌmək/
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Noun[edit]

stomach (countable and uncountable, plural stomachs)

  1. An organ in animals that stores food in the process of digestion.
  2. (informal) The belly.
    Synonyms: belly, abdomen, tummy, bouk (obsolete), gut, guts, maw (archaic)
  3. (uncountable, obsolete) Pride, haughtiness.
    • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, II.vii:
      Sterne was his looke, and full of stomacke vaine, / His portaunce terrible, and stature tall […].
    • 1613, William Shakespeare, The Life of King Henry the Eighth, IV. ii. 34:
      He was a man / Of an unbounded stomach, ever ranking / Himself with princes;
    • (Can we date this quote by John Locke and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      This sort of crying proceeding from pride, obstinacy, and stomach, the will, where the fault lies, must be bent.
  4. (obsolete) Appetite.
    a good stomach for roast beef
    • 1591, William Shakespeare, The Comedy of Errors, I. ii. 50:
      You come not home because you have no stomach. / You have no stomach, having broke your fast.
    • 1595, George Peele, The Old Wives’ Tale, The Malone Society Reprints, 1908, lines 920-922,[1]
      HOST. How say you sir, doo you please to sit downe?
      EUMENIDES. Hostes I thanke you, I haue no great stomack.
    • 1624, Democritus Junior [pseudonym; Robert Burton], The Anatomy of Melancholy: [], 2nd corrected and augmented edition, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Printed by John Lichfield and James Short, for Henry Cripps, OCLC 54573970:
      , II.ii.1.2:
      If after seven hours' tarrying he shall have no stomach, let him defer his meal, or eat very little at his ordinary time of repast.
  5. (figuratively) Desire, appetite (for something abstract).
    I have no stomach for a fight today.

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Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

stomach (third-person singular simple present stomachs, present participle stomaching, simple past and past participle stomached)

  1. (transitive) To tolerate (something), emotionally, physically, or mentally; to stand or handle something.
    I really can’t stomach jobs involving that much paperwork, but some people seem to tolerate them.
    I can't stomach her cooking.
  2. (obsolete, intransitive) To be angry.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Hooker to this entry?)
  3. (obsolete, transitive) To resent; to remember with anger; to dislike.
  4. (obsolete, transitive) To turn the stomach of; to sicken or repel.

Synonyms[edit]

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Translations[edit]

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Middle English[edit]

Noun[edit]

stomach

  1. Alternative form of stomak