जठर

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Sanskrit[edit]

Alternative scripts[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *ȷ́artʰáram, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵel-th₂-ero-. Cognate with Proto-Germanic *kelþaz.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

जठर (jaṭháran or m

  1. stomach, belly, abdomen, bowels
    • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 3.40.5:
      दधिष्वा जठरे सुतं सोममिन्द्र वरेण्यम् ।
      तव द्युक्षास इन्दवः ॥
      dadhiṣvā jaṭhare sutaṃ somamindra vareṇyam .
      tava dyukṣāsa indavaḥ .
      Take the juice within thy belly, Indra, Soma the most excellent: Thine are the drops celestial.
  2. the womb
  3. the interior of anything

Declension[edit]

Neuter a-stem declension of जठर (jaṭhára)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative जठरम्
jaṭháram
जठरे
jaṭháre
जठराणि / जठरा¹
jaṭhárāṇi / jaṭhárā¹
Vocative जठर
jáṭhara
जठरे
jáṭhare
जठराणि / जठरा¹
jáṭharāṇi / jáṭharā¹
Accusative जठरम्
jaṭháram
जठरे
jaṭháre
जठराणि / जठरा¹
jaṭhárāṇi / jaṭhárā¹
Instrumental जठरेण
jaṭháreṇa
जठराभ्याम्
jaṭhárābhyām
जठरैः / जठरेभिः¹
jaṭháraiḥ / jaṭhárebhiḥ¹
Dative जठराय
jaṭhárāya
जठराभ्याम्
jaṭhárābhyām
जठरेभ्यः
jaṭhárebhyaḥ
Ablative जठरात्
jaṭhárāt
जठराभ्याम्
jaṭhárābhyām
जठरेभ्यः
jaṭhárebhyaḥ
Genitive जठरस्य
jaṭhárasya
जठरयोः
jaṭhárayoḥ
जठराणाम्
jaṭhárāṇām
Locative जठरे
jaṭháre
जठरयोः
jaṭhárayoḥ
जठरेषु
jaṭháreṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Descendants[edit]

  • Maharastri Prakrit: 𑀚𑀠𑀭 (jaḍhara)
  • Pali: jaṭhara

References[edit]