enda

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Estonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *häntä, which is derived from *hän (by reanalysis of the partitive singular as a new stem), compare Finnish hän (he, she). Cognate to Livonian eņtš (own, self). See also enese.

Noun[edit]

enda (genitive enda, partitive end)

  1. self, own, -self

Usage notes[edit]

There is no nominative (ise is used as one). The singular forms can also be used in the plural.

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Faroese[edit]

Verb[edit]

enda (third person singular past indicative endaði, third person plural past indicative endað, supine endað)

  1. to end

Conjugation[edit]

Conjugation of enda (group v-30)
infinitive enda
supine endað
participle (a6)1 endandi endaður
present past
first singular endi endaði
second singular endar endaði
third singular endar endaði
plural enda endaðu
imperative
singular enda!
plural endið!
1Only the past participle being declined.

Iban[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Malayic *daʔ, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *diaq.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

enda

  1. not (negates meaning of verb)
    Enda makai aku
    I did not eat
  2. not (To no degree)
    Enda mar baju nya
    The shirt is not expensive

Icelandic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Ultimately from enn þá. Possibly influenced by or borrowed from Danish endda (even!). Cognate with Danish endda (even!), Swedish ändå (yet), Norwegian Nynorsk endå.

Conjunction[edit]

enda

  1. "which is natural, since ..." (the first clause comes as a logical conclusion of the second clause)
    Hann er góður með dýr, enda er hann úr sveitinni.He's good with animals, which is natural since he is from the countryside.
    Enda er ég orðinn sjötugur.That is to be expected, since I am now 70 years old.

Etymology 2[edit]

From endi.

Verb[edit]

enda (weak verb, third-person singular past indicative endaði, supine endað)

  1. (transitive, with accusative) to finish, end (bring to an end)
  2. (intransitive) to end (come to an end)
Conjugation[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

enda

  1. indefinite accusative plural of endir
  2. indefinite genitive plural of endir

Kikuyu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Hinde (1904) records “Jogowini dialect” of Kikuyu kwenda (“to like”) and kuenda (“to want”), listing also “Ulu dialect” (spoken then from Machakos to coastal area) of Kamba gumwenda (to like) and gungwenda (to want), “Nganyawa dialect” (spoken then in Kitui District) of Kamba guenda (to like), and Swahili kupenda (to like) etc. as their equivalents.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

enda (infinitive kũenda or kwenda)[2]

  1. to like, to love[3]
  2. to want[3]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

(Nouns)

(Proverbs)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hinde, Hildegarde (1904). Vocabularies of the Kamba and Kikuyu languages of East Africa, pp. 36–37, 64–65. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  2. ^ Kĩnyua, Johnson Kĩriakũ (2010). The Agĩkũyũ, the bible and colonial constructs: towards an ordinary African readers' hermeneutics, pp. 148–149. Ph.D. thesis, University of Birmingham.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Barlow, A. Ruffell (1960). Studies in Kikuyu Grammar and Idiom, pp. 32, 247.
  • Armstrong, Lilias E. (1940). The Phonetic and Tonal Structure of Kikuyu, p. 360. Rep. 1967. (Also in 2018 by Routledge).

Luba-Kasai[edit]

Verb[edit]

enda

  1. to go

Northern Ndebele[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *-gènda.

Verb[edit]

-énda

  1. to marry, to be married

Inflection[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse enn þá.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Adverb[edit]

enda

  1. even
    enda størreeven larger

References[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse enda.

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

enda (present tense endar, past tense enda, past participle enda, passive infinitive endast, present participle endande, imperative enda/end)

  1. to end, finish

Etymology 2[edit]

Adverb[edit]

enda

  1. Alternative form of endå

References[edit]

Old English[edit]

Noun[edit]

enda

  1. genitive plural of ende

Old Norse[edit]

Noun[edit]

enda

  1. inflection of endi:
    1. accusative singular/plural
    2. dative/genitive singular
    3. genitive plural

Southern Ndebele[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *-gènda.

Verb[edit]

-enda

  1. to marry, to be married

Inflection[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Swahili[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *-gènda.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

-enda (infinitive kwenda)

  1. to walk, go
  2. to go ahead, progress

Usage notes[edit]

This verb can be used as an auxiliary verb in the perfect or past, followed by an infinitive or a bare stem, meaning "just at that time" or "just now" (depending on the temporal context).

Conjugation[edit]

Standard Swahili conjugation:

Conjugation of -enda
Positive present -nakwenda
Subjunctive -ende
Negative -endi
Imperative singular nenda
Infinitives
Positive kwenda
Negative kutokwenda
Imperatives
Singular nenda
Plural nendeni
Tensed forms
Habitual huenda
Positive past positive subject concord + -likwenda
Negative past negative subject concord + -kuenda
Positive present (positive subject concord + -nakwenda)
Singular Plural
1st person ninakwenda/nakwenda tunakwenda
2nd person unakwenda mnakwenda
3rd person m-wa(I/II) anakwenda wanakwenda
other classes positive subject concord + -nakwenda
Negative present (negative subject concord + -endi)
Singular Plural
1st person siendi hatuendi
2nd person huendi hamwendi
3rd person m-wa(I/II) haendi hawaendi
other classes negative subject concord + -endi
Positive future positive subject concord + -takwenda
Negative future negative subject concord + -takwenda
Positive subjunctive (positive subject concord + -ende)
Singular Plural
1st person niende twende/tuende
2nd person uende mwende
3rd person m-wa(I/II) aende waende
other classes positive subject concord + -ende
Negative subjunctive positive subject concord + -siende
Positive present conditional positive subject concord + -ngekwenda
Negative present conditional positive subject concord + -singekwenda
Positive past conditional positive subject concord + -ngalikwenda
Negative past conditional positive subject concord + -singalikwenda
Gnomic (positive subject concord + -aenda)
Singular Plural
1st person naenda twaenda
2nd person waenda mwaenda
3rd person m-wa(I/II) aenda waenda
m-mi(III/IV) waenda yaenda
ji-ma(V/VI) laenda yaenda
ki-vi(VII/VIII) chaenda vyaenda
n(IX/X) yaenda zaenda
u(XI) waenda see n(X) or ma(VI) class
ku(XV/XVII) kwaenda
pa(XVI) paenda
mu(XVIII) mwaenda
Perfect positive subject concord + -mekwenda
"Already" positive subject concord + -meshakwenda
"Not yet" negative subject concord + -jaenda
"If/When" positive subject concord + -kienda
"If not" positive subject concord + -sipokwenda
Consecutive kaenda / positive subject concord + -kaenda
Consecutive subjunctive positive subject concord + -kaende
Object concord
Relative forms
General positive (positive subject concord + -enda- + relative marker)
Singular Plural
m-wa(I/II) -endaye -endao
m-mi(III/IV) -endao -endayo
ji-ma(V/VI) -endalo -endayo
ki-vi(VII/VIII) -endacho -endavyo
n(IX/X) -endayo -endazo
u(XI) -endao see n(X) or ma(VI) class
ku(XV/XVII) -endako
pa(XVI) -endapo
mu(XVIII) -endamo
Other forms (subject concord + tense marker + relative marker + -kwenda)
Singular Plural
m-wa(I/II) -yekwenda -okwenda
m-mi(III/IV) -okwenda -yokwenda
ji-ma(V/VI) -lokwenda -yokwenda
ki-vi(VII/VIII) -chokwenda -vyokwenda
n(IX/X) -yokwenda -zokwenda
u(XI) -okwenda see n(X) or ma(VI) class
ku(XV/XVII) -kokwenda
pa(XVI) -pokwenda
mu(XVIII) -mokwenda
Some forms not commonly seen in modern Standard Swahili are absent from the table. See Appendix:Swahili verbs for more information.

In colloquial language, the kw- prefix is often dropped in tensed forms.

Derived terms[edit]

Swedish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

enda

  1. (the) only (one, person, thing), sole; also in the masculine form ende

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Taparita[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compare Otomaco enga.

Numeral[edit]

enda

  1. one

References[edit]

Tooro[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *ndà (abdomen; intestines; pregnancy; inside). Doublet of orura (small intestine).

Noun[edit]

enda class 9 (plural enda class 10, augmentless nda, plural augmentless nda)

  1. abdomen, belly
    Aine enda.He has a (big) belly.
  2. stomach
  3. pregnancy
    Aine enda.She is pregnant. (literally, “She has a pregnancy.”)
  4. fetus; embryo
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Common Bantu *ndá (louse). Cognate with Rwanda-Rundi indá (louse).

Noun[edit]

enda class 9 (plural enda class 10, augmentless nda, plural augmentless nda)

  1. louse

References[edit]

  1. Kaji, Shigeki (2007) A Rutooro Vocabulary[1] (in English), Tokyo: Research Institute for Languages and Cultures of Asia and Africa (ILCAA), →ISBN, pages 11, 14, 20, 47, 167, 255, 266-268 and 394
  2. Entry 773 at Bantu Lexical Reconstructions 3
  3. Entry 780 at Bantu Lexical Reconstructions 3

Xhosa[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *-gènda.

Verb[edit]

-enda

  1. (intransitive) to be married

Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

Zulu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *-gènda.

Verb[edit]

-enda

  1. (intransitive) to travel far, to go on a long journey
  2. (intransitive) to marry (a man)

Inflection[edit]

Tone L
Infinitive ukwenda
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukwenda ukungendi
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular yenda -ende
Plural yendani -endeni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyenda, ngenda engendayo, engenda ngenda angendi engingendi ngingendi
2nd singular uyenda, wenda owendayo, owenda wenda awendi ongendi ungendi
1st plural siyenda, senda esendayo, esenda senda asendi esingendi singendi
2nd plural niyenda, nenda enendayo, enenda nenda anendi eningendi ningendi
Class 1 uyenda, wenda owendayo, owenda enda akendi ongendi engendi
Class 2 bayenda, benda abendayo, abenda benda abendi abangendi bengendi
Class 3 uyenda, wenda owendayo, owenda wenda awendi ongendi ungendi
Class 4 iyenda, yenda eyendayo, eyenda yenda ayendi engendi ingendi
Class 5 liyenda, lenda elendayo, elenda lenda alendi elingendi lingendi
Class 6 ayenda, enda endayo, enda enda awendi angendi engendi
Class 7 siyenda, senda esendayo, esenda senda asendi esingendi singendi
Class 8 ziyenda, zenda ezendayo, ezenda zenda azendi ezingendi zingendi
Class 9 iyenda, yenda eyendayo, eyenda yenda ayendi engendi ingendi
Class 10 ziyenda, zenda ezendayo, ezenda zenda azendi ezingendi zingendi
Class 11 luyenda, lwenda olwendayo, olwenda lwenda alwendi olungendi lungendi
Class 14 buyenda, benda obendayo, obenda benda abendi obungendi bungendi
Class 15 kuyenda, kwenda okwendayo, okwenda kwenda akwendi okungendi kungendi
Class 17 kuyenda, kwenda okwendayo, okwenda kwenda akwendi okungendi kungendi
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngendile, ngendē engendile, engendē ngendile, ngendē angendanga engingendanga ngingendanga
2nd singular wendile, wendē owendile, owendē wendile, wendē awendanga ongendanga ungendanga
1st plural sendile, sendē esendile, esendē sendile, sendē asendanga esingendanga singendanga
2nd plural nendile, nendē enendile, enendē nendile, nendē anendanga eningendanga ningendanga
Class 1 wendile, wendē owendile, owendē endile, endē akendanga ongendanga engendanga
Class 2 bendile, bendē abendile, abendē bendile, bendē abendanga abangendanga bengendanga
Class 3 wendile, wendē owendile, owendē wendile, wendē awendanga ongendanga ungendanga
Class 4 yendile, yendē eyendile, eyendē yendile, yendē ayendanga engendanga ingendanga
Class 5 lendile, lendē elendile, elendē lendile, lendē alendanga elingendanga lingendanga
Class 6 endile, endē endile, endē endile, endē awendanga angendanga engendanga
Class 7 sendile, sendē esendile, esendē sendile, sendē asendanga esingendanga singendanga
Class 8 zendile, zendē ezendile, ezendē zendile, zendē azendanga ezingendanga zingendanga
Class 9 yendile, yendē eyendile, eyendē yendile, yendē ayendanga engendanga ingendanga
Class 10 zendile, zendē ezendile, ezendē zendile, zendē azendanga ezingendanga zingendanga
Class 11 lwendile, lwendē olwendile, olwendē lwendile, lwendē alwendanga olungendanga lungendanga
Class 14 bendile, bendē obendile, obendē bendile, bendē abendanga obungendanga bungendanga
Class 15 kwendile, kwendē okwendile, okwendē kwendile, kwendē akwendanga okungendanga kungendanga
Class 17 kwendile, kwendē okwendile, okwendē kwendile, kwendē akwendanga okungendanga kungendanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngēnda engēnda ngēnda angendanga engingendanga ngingendanga
2nd singular wēnda owēnda wēnda awendanga ongendanga ungendanga
1st plural sēnda esēnda sēnda asendanga esingendanga singendanga
2nd plural nēnda enēnda nēnda anendanga eningendanga ningendanga
Class 1 wēnda owēnda ēnda akendanga ongendanga engendanga
Class 2 bēnda abēnda bēnda abendanga abangendanga bengendanga
Class 3 wēnda owēnda wēnda awendanga ongendanga ungendanga
Class 4 yēnda eyēnda yēnda ayendanga engendanga ingendanga
Class 5 lēnda elēnda lēnda alendanga elingendanga lingendanga
Class 6 ēnda ēnda ēnda awendanga angendanga engendanga
Class 7 sēnda esēnda sēnda asendanga esingendanga singendanga
Class 8 zēnda ezēnda zēnda azendanga ezingendanga zingendanga
Class 9 yēnda eyēnda yēnda ayendanga engendanga ingendanga
Class 10 zēnda ezēnda zēnda azendanga ezingendanga zingendanga
Class 11 lwēnda olwēnda lwēnda alwendanga olungendanga lungendanga
Class 14 bēnda obēnda bēnda abendanga obungendanga bungendanga
Class 15 kwēnda okwēnda kwēnda akwendanga okungendanga kungendanga
Class 17 kwēnda okwēnda kwēnda akwendanga okungendanga kungendanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingenda ngingenda ngingende ngingende
2nd singular ungenda ungenda ungende ungende
1st plural singenda singenda singende singende
2nd plural ningenda ningenda ningende ningende
Class 1 angenda engenda angende engende
Class 2 bangenda bengenda bangende bengende
Class 3 ungenda ungenda ungende ungende
Class 4 ingenda ingenda ingende ingende
Class 5 lingenda lingenda lingende lingende
Class 6 angenda engenda angende engende
Class 7 singenda singenda singende singende
Class 8 zingenda zingenda zingende zingende
Class 9 ingenda ingenda ingende ingende
Class 10 zingenda zingenda zingende zingende
Class 11 lungenda lungenda lungende lungende
Class 14 bungenda bungenda bungende bungende
Class 15 kungenda kungenda kungende kungende
Class 17 kungenda kungenda kungende kungende
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizokwenda engizokwenda ngizokwenda angizukwenda engingezukwenda ngingezukwenda
2nd singular uzokwenda ozokwenda uzokwenda awuzukwenda ongezukwenda ungezukwenda
1st plural sizokwenda esizokwenda sizokwenda asizukwenda esingezukwenda singezukwenda
2nd plural nizokwenda enizokwenda nizokwenda anizukwenda eningezukwenda ningezukwenda
Class 1 uzokwenda ozokwenda ezokwenda akazukwenda ongezukwenda engezukwenda
Class 2 bazokwenda abazokwenda bezokwenda abazukwenda abangezukwenda bengezukwenda
Class 3 uzokwenda ozokwenda uzokwenda awuzukwenda ongezukwenda ungezukwenda
Class 4 izokwenda ezokwenda izokwenda ayizukwenda engezukwenda ingezukwenda
Class 5 lizokwenda elizokwenda lizokwenda alizukwenda elingezukwenda lingezukwenda
Class 6 azokwenda azokwenda ezokwenda awazukwenda angezukwenda engezukwenda
Class 7 sizokwenda esizokwenda sizokwenda asizukwenda esingezukwenda singezukwenda
Class 8 zizokwenda ezizokwenda zizokwenda azizukwenda ezingezukwenda zingezukwenda
Class 9 izokwenda ezokwenda izokwenda ayizukwenda engezukwenda ingezukwenda
Class 10 zizokwenda ezizokwenda zizokwenda azizukwenda ezingezukwenda zingezukwenda
Class 11 luzokwenda oluzokwenda luzokwenda aluzukwenda olungezukwenda lungezukwenda
Class 14 buzokwenda obuzokwenda buzokwenda abuzukwenda obungezukwenda bungezukwenda
Class 15 kuzokwenda okuzokwenda kuzokwenda akuzukwenda okungezukwenda kungezukwenda
Class 17 kuzokwenda okuzokwenda kuzokwenda akuzukwenda okungezukwenda kungezukwenda
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyokwenda engiyokwenda ngiyokwenda angiyukwenda engingeyukwenda ngingeyukwenda
2nd singular uyokwenda oyokwenda uyokwenda awuyukwenda ongeyukwenda ungeyukwenda
1st plural siyokwenda esiyokwenda siyokwenda asiyukwenda esingeyukwenda singeyukwenda
2nd plural niyokwenda eniyokwenda niyokwenda aniyukwenda eningeyukwenda ningeyukwenda
Class 1 uyokwenda oyokwenda eyokwenda akayukwenda ongeyukwenda engeyukwenda
Class 2 bayokwenda abayokwenda beyokwenda abayukwenda abangeyukwenda bengeyukwenda
Class 3 uyokwenda oyokwenda uyokwenda awuyukwenda ongeyukwenda ungeyukwenda
Class 4 iyokwenda eyokwenda iyokwenda ayiyukwenda engeyukwenda ingeyukwenda
Class 5 liyokwenda eliyokwenda liyokwenda aliyukwenda elingeyukwenda lingeyukwenda
Class 6 ayokwenda ayokwenda eyokwenda awayukwenda angeyukwenda engeyukwenda
Class 7 siyokwenda esiyokwenda siyokwenda asiyukwenda esingeyukwenda singeyukwenda
Class 8 ziyokwenda eziyokwenda ziyokwenda aziyukwenda ezingeyukwenda zingeyukwenda
Class 9 iyokwenda eyokwenda iyokwenda ayiyukwenda engeyukwenda ingeyukwenda
Class 10 ziyokwenda eziyokwenda ziyokwenda aziyukwenda ezingeyukwenda zingeyukwenda
Class 11 luyokwenda oluyokwenda luyokwenda aluyukwenda olungeyukwenda lungeyukwenda
Class 14 buyokwenda obuyokwenda buyokwenda abuyukwenda obungeyukwenda bungeyukwenda
Class 15 kuyokwenda okuyokwenda kuyokwenda akuyukwenda okungeyukwenda kungeyukwenda
Class 17 kuyokwenda okuyokwenda kuyokwenda akuyukwenda okungeyukwenda kungeyukwenda
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngende ngingendi
2nd singular wende ungendi
1st plural sende singendi
2nd plural nende ningendi
Class 1 ende angendi
Class 2 bende bangendi
Class 3 wende ungendi
Class 4 yende ingendi
Class 5 lende lingendi
Class 6 ende angendi
Class 7 sende singendi
Class 8 zende zingendi
Class 9 yende ingendi
Class 10 zende zingendi
Class 11 lwende lungendi
Class 14 bende bungendi
Class 15 kwende kungendi
Class 17 kwende kungendi
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngenda ngangenda, angenda, angangenda
2nd singular wenda wangenda, awenda, awangenda
1st plural senda sangenda, asenda, asangenda
2nd plural nenda nangenda, anenda, anangenda
Class 1 wenda wangenda, akenda, akangenda
Class 2 benda bangenda, abenda, abangenda
Class 3 wenda wangenda, awenda, awangenda
Class 4 yenda yangenda, ayenda, ayangenda
Class 5 lenda langenda, alenda, alangenda
Class 6 enda angenda, awenda, awangenda
Class 7 senda sangenda, asenda, asangenda
Class 8 zenda zangenda, azenda, azangenda
Class 9 yenda yangenda, ayenda, ayangenda
Class 10 zenda zangenda, azenda, azangenda
Class 11 lwenda lwangenda, alwenda, alwangenda
Class 14 benda bangenda, abenda, abangenda
Class 15 kwenda kwangenda, akwenda, akwangenda
Class 17 kwenda kwangenda, akwenda, akwangenda

References[edit]