penda

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See also: pendâ

Italian[edit]

Verb[edit]

penda

  1. first-person singular present subjunctive of pendere
  2. second-person singular present subjunctive of pendere
  3. third-person singular present subjunctive of pendere
  4. third-person singular imperative of pendere

Portuguese[edit]

Verb[edit]

penda

  1. First-person singular (eu) present subjunctive of pender
  2. Third-person singular (ele, ela, also used with tu and você?) present subjunctive of pender
  3. First-person singular (eu) affirmative imperative of pender
  4. Third-person singular (você) affirmative imperative of pender
  5. First-person singular (eu) negative imperative of pender
  6. Third-person singular (você) negative imperative of pender

Spanish[edit]

Verb[edit]

penda

  1. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of pender.
  2. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of pender.
  3. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of pender.

Swahili[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Of Bantu origin. Related to Zulu thanda.

Verb[edit]

-penda (infinitive kupenda)

  1. to love, to like, to be pleasant

Conjugation[edit]

Conjugation of -penda
Non-finite forms
Form Positive Negative
Infinitive kupenda kutopenda
Simple finite forms
Positive form Singular Plural
Imperative penda pendeni
Habitual hupenda
Complex finite forms
Polarity Persons Persons / Classes Classes
1st 2nd 3rd / M-wa M-mi Ma Ki-vi N U Ku Pa Mu
Sg. Pl. Sg. Pl. Sg. / 1 Pl. / 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 / 14 15 / 17 16 18
Past
Positive nilipenda
nalipenda
tulipenda
twalipenda
ulipenda
walipenda
mlipenda
mwalipenda
alipenda walipenda ulipenda ilipenda lilipenda yalipenda kilipenda vilipenda ilipenda zilipenda ulipenda kulipenda palipenda mulipenda
Relative niliopenda
naliopenda
tuliopenda
twaliopenda
uliopenda
waliopenda
mliopenda
mwaliopenda
aliopenda waliopenda uliopenda iliopenda liliopenda yaliopenda kiliopenda viliopenda iliopenda ziliopenda uliopenda kuliopenda paliopenda muliopenda
Negative sikupenda hatukupenda hukupenda hamkupenda hakupenda hawakupenda haukupenda haikupenda halikupenda hayakupenda hakikupenda havikupenda haikupenda hazikupenda haukupenda hakukupenda hapakupenda hamukupenda
Present
Positive ninapenda
napenda
tunapenda unapenda mnapenda anapenda wanapenda unapenda inapenda linapenda yanapenda kinapenda vinapenda inapenda zinapenda unapenda kunapenda panapenda munapenda
Relative ninaopenda
naopenda
tunaopenda unaopenda mnaopenda anaopenda wanaopenda unaopenda inaopenda linaopenda yanaopenda kinaopenda vinaopenda inaopenda zinaopenda unaopenda kunaopenda panaopenda munaopenda
Negative sipendi hatupendi hupendi hampendi hapendi hawapendi haupendi haipendi halipendi hayapendi hakipendi havipendi haipendi hazipendi haupendi hakupendi hapapendi hamupendi
Future
Positive nitapenda tutapenda utapenda mtapenda atapenda watapenda utapenda itapenda litapenda yatapenda kitapenda vitapenda itapenda zitapenda utapenda kutapenda patapenda mutapenda
Relative nitakaopenda tutakaopenda utakaopenda mtakaopenda atakaopenda watakaopenda utakaopenda itakaopenda litakaopenda yatakaopenda kitakaopenda vitakaopenda itakaopenda zitakaopenda utakaopenda kutakaopenda patakaopenda mutakaopenda
Negative sitapenda hatutapenda hutapenda hamtapenda hatapenda hawatapenda hautapenda haitapenda halitapenda hayatapenda hakitapenda havitapenda haitapenda hazitapenda hautapenda hakutapenda hapatapenda hamutapenda
Subjunctive
Positive nipende tupende upende mpende apende wapende upende ipende lipende yapende kipende vipende ipende zipende upende kupende papende mupende
Negative nisipende tusipende usipende msipende asipende wasipende usipende isipende lisipende yasipende kisipende visipende isipende zisipende usipende kusipende pasipende musipende
Present Conditional
Positive ningependa tungependa ungependa mngependa angependa wangependa ungependa ingependa lingependa yangependa kingependa vingependa ingependa zingependa ungependa kungependa pangependa mungependa
Negative nisingependa
singependa
tusingependa
hatungependa
usingependa
hungependa
msingependa
hamngependa
asingependa
hangependa
wasingependa
hawangependa
usingependa
haungependa
isingependa
haingependa
lisingependa
halingependa
yasingependa
hayangependa
kisingependa
hakingependa
visingependa
havingependa
isingependa
haingependa
zisingependa
hazingependa
usingependa
haungependa
kusingependa
hakungependa
pasingependa
hapangependa
musingependa
hamungependa
Past Conditional
Positive ningalipenda tungalipenda ungalipenda mngalipenda angalipenda wangalipenda ungalipenda ingalipenda lingalipenda yangalipenda kingalipenda vingalipenda ingalipenda zingalipenda ungalipenda kungalipenda pangalipenda mungalipenda
Negative nisingalipenda
singalipenda
tusingalipenda
hatungalipenda
usingalipenda
hungalipenda
msingalipenda
hamngalipenda
asingalipenda
hangalipenda
wasingalipenda
hawangalipenda
usingalipenda
haungalipenda
isingalipenda
haingalipenda
lisingalipenda
halingalipenda
yasingalipenda
hayangalipenda
kisingalipenda
hakingalipenda
visingalipenda
havingalipenda
isingalipenda
haingalipenda
zisingalipenda
hazingalipenda
usingalipenda
haungalipenda
kusingalipenda
hakungalipenda
pasingalipenda
hapangalipenda
musingalipenda
hamungalipenda
Conditional Contrary to Fact
Positive ningelipenda tungelipenda ungelipenda mngelipenda angelipenda wangelipenda ungelipenda ingelipenda lingelipenda yangelipenda kingelipenda vingelipenda ingelipenda zingelipenda ungelipenda kungelipenda pangelipenda mungelipenda
General Relative
Positive nipendao tupendao upendao mpendao apendao wapendao upendao ipendao lipendao yapendao kipendao vipendao ipendao zipendao upendao kupendao papendao mupendao
Negative nisiopenda tusiopenda usiopenda msiopenda asiopenda wasiopenda usiopenda isiopenda lisiopenda yasiopenda kisiopenda visiopenda isiopenda zisiopenda usiopenda kusiopenda pasiopenda musiopenda
Gnomic
Positive napenda twapenda wapenda mwapenda apenda wapenda wapenda yapenda lapenda yapenda chapenda vyapenda yapenda zapenda wapenda kwapenda papenda mwapenda
Perfect
Positive nimependa tumependa umependa mmependa amependa wamependa umependa imependa limependa yamependa kimependa vimependa imependa zimependa umependa kumependa pamependa mumependa
"Already"
Positive nimeshapenda tumeshapenda umeshapenda mmeshapenda ameshapenda wameshapenda umeshapenda imeshapenda limeshapenda yameshapenda kimeshapenda vimeshapenda imeshapenda zimeshapenda umeshapenda kumeshapenda pameshapenda mumeshapenda
"Not yet"
Negative sijapenda hatujapenda hujapenda hamjapenda hajapenda hawajapenda haujapenda haijapenda halijapenda hayajapenda hakijapenda havijapenda haijapenda hazijapenda haujapenda hakujapenda hapajapenda hamujapenda
"If/When"
Positive nikipenda tukipenda ukipenda mkipenda akipenda wakipenda ukipenda ikipenda likipenda yakipenda kikipenda vikipenda ikipenda zikipenda ukipenda kukipenda pakipenda mukipenda
"If not"
Negative nisipopenda tusipopenda usipopenda msipopenda asipopenda wasipopenda usipopenda isipopenda lisipopenda yasipopenda kisipopenda visipopenda isipopenda zisipopenda usipopenda kusipopenda pasipopenda musipopenda
Consecutive
Positive nikapenda tukapenda ukapenda mkapenda akapenda wakapenda ukapenda ikapenda likapenda yakapenda kikapenda vikapenda ikapenda zikapenda ukapenda kukapenda pakapenda mukapenda
Not all possible forms are listed in the table. Transitive verbs can take object concords, relative concords can agree with all noun classes, and many other forms not commonly seen in modern Standard Swahili are absent from the table. See Appendix:Swahili verbs for more information.

Derived terms[edit]


Zulu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English paint.

Verb[edit]

-penda?

  1. (transitive) to paint, to color

Inflection[edit]

Tone H
Infinitive ukupenda
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukupenda ukungapendi
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular penda pende
Plural pendani pendeni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyapenda, ngipenda engipendayo, engipenda ngipenda angipendi engingapendi ngingapendi
2nd singular uyapenda, upenda opendayo, openda upenda awupendi ongapendi ungapendi
1st plural siyapenda, sipenda esipendayo, esipenda sipenda asipendi esingapendi singapendi
2nd plural niyapenda, nipenda enipendayo, enipenda nipenda anipendi eningapendi ningapendi
Class 1 uyapenda, upenda opendayo, openda ependa akapendi ongapendi engapendi
Class 2 bayapenda, bapenda abapendayo, abapenda bependa abapendi abangapendi bengapendi
Class 3 uyapenda, upenda opendayo, openda upenda awupendi ongapendi ungapendi
Class 4 iyapenda, ipenda ependayo, ependa ipenda ayipendi engapendi ingapendi
Class 5 liyapenda, lipenda elipendayo, elipenda lipenda alipendi elingapendi lingapendi
Class 6 ayapenda, apenda apendayo, apenda ependa awapendi angapendi engapendi
Class 7 siyapenda, sipenda esipendayo, esipenda sipenda asipendi esingapendi singapendi
Class 8 ziyapenda, zipenda ezipendayo, ezipenda zipenda azipendi ezingapendi zingapendi
Class 9 iyapenda, ipenda ependayo, ependa ipenda ayipendi engapendi ingapendi
Class 10 ziyapenda, zipenda ezipendayo, ezipenda zipenda azipendi ezingapendi zingapendi
Class 11 luyapenda, lupenda olupendayo, olupenda lupenda alupendi olungapendi lungapendi
Class 14 buyapenda, bupenda obupendayo, obupenda bupenda abupendi obungapendi bungapendi
Class 15 kuyapenda, kupenda okupendayo, okupenda kupenda akupendi okungapendi kungapendi
Class 17 kuyapenda, kupenda okupendayo, okupenda kupenda akupendi okungapendi kungapendi
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngipendile, ngipendē engipendile, engipendē ngipendile, ngipendē angipendanga engingapendanga ngingapendanga
2nd singular upendile, upendē opendile, opendē upendile, upendē awupendanga ongapendanga ungapendanga
1st plural sipendile, sipendē esipendile, esipendē sipendile, sipendē asipendanga esingapendanga singapendanga
2nd plural nipendile, nipendē enipendile, enipendē nipendile, nipendē anipendanga eningapendanga ningapendanga
Class 1 upendile, upendē opendile, opendē ependile, ependē akapendanga ongapendanga engapendanga
Class 2 bapendile, bapendē abapendile, abapendē bependile, bependē abapendanga abangapendanga bengapendanga
Class 3 upendile, upendē opendile, opendē upendile, upendē awupendanga ongapendanga ungapendanga
Class 4 ipendile, ipendē ependile, ependē ipendile, ipendē ayipendanga engapendanga ingapendanga
Class 5 lipendile, lipendē elipendile, elipendē lipendile, lipendē alipendanga elingapendanga lingapendanga
Class 6 apendile, apendē apendile, apendē ependile, ependē awapendanga angapendanga engapendanga
Class 7 sipendile, sipendē esipendile, esipendē sipendile, sipendē asipendanga esingapendanga singapendanga
Class 8 zipendile, zipendē ezipendile, ezipendē zipendile, zipendē azipendanga ezingapendanga zingapendanga
Class 9 ipendile, ipendē ependile, ependē ipendile, ipendē ayipendanga engapendanga ingapendanga
Class 10 zipendile, zipendē ezipendile, ezipendē zipendile, zipendē azipendanga ezingapendanga zingapendanga
Class 11 lupendile, lupendē olupendile, olupendē lupendile, lupendē alupendanga olungapendanga lungapendanga
Class 14 bupendile, bupendē obupendile, obupendē bupendile, bupendē abupendanga obungapendanga bungapendanga
Class 15 kupendile, kupendē okupendile, okupendē kupendile, kupendē akupendanga okungapendanga kungapendanga
Class 17 kupendile, kupendē okupendile, okupendē kupendile, kupendē akupendanga okungapendanga kungapendanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngāpenda engāpenda ngāpenda angipendanga engingapendanga ngingapendanga
2nd singular wāpenda owāpenda wāpenda awupendanga ongapendanga ungapendanga
1st plural sāpenda esāpenda sāpenda asipendanga esingapendanga singapendanga
2nd plural nāpenda enāpenda nāpenda anipendanga eningapendanga ningapendanga
Class 1 wāpenda owāpenda āpenda akapendanga ongapendanga engapendanga
Class 2 bāpenda abāpenda bāpenda abapendanga abangapendanga bengapendanga
Class 3 wāpenda owāpenda wāpenda awupendanga ongapendanga ungapendanga
Class 4 yāpenda eyāpenda yāpenda ayipendanga engapendanga ingapendanga
Class 5 lāpenda elāpenda lāpenda alipendanga elingapendanga lingapendanga
Class 6 āpenda āpenda āpenda awapendanga angapendanga engapendanga
Class 7 sāpenda esāpenda sāpenda asipendanga esingapendanga singapendanga
Class 8 zāpenda ezāpenda zāpenda azipendanga ezingapendanga zingapendanga
Class 9 yāpenda eyāpenda yāpenda ayipendanga engapendanga ingapendanga
Class 10 zāpenda ezāpenda zāpenda azipendanga ezingapendanga zingapendanga
Class 11 lwāpenda olwāpenda lwāpenda alupendanga olungapendanga lungapendanga
Class 14 bāpenda obāpenda bāpenda abupendanga obungapendanga bungapendanga
Class 15 kwāpenda okwāpenda kwāpenda akupendanga okungapendanga kungapendanga
Class 17 kwāpenda okwāpenda kwāpenda akupendanga okungapendanga kungapendanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingapenda ngingapenda ngingepende ngingepende
2nd singular ungapenda ungapenda ungepende ungepende
1st plural singapenda singapenda singepende singepende
2nd plural ningapenda ningapenda ningepende ningepende
Class 1 angapenda engapenda angepende engepende
Class 2 bangapenda bengapenda bangepende bengepende
Class 3 ungapenda ungapenda ungepende ungepende
Class 4 ingapenda ingapenda ingepende ingepende
Class 5 lingapenda lingapenda lingepende lingepende
Class 6 angapenda engapenda angepende engepende
Class 7 singapenda singapenda singepende singepende
Class 8 zingapenda zingapenda zingepende zingepende
Class 9 ingapenda ingapenda ingepende ingepende
Class 10 zingapenda zingapenda zingepende zingepende
Class 11 lungapenda lungapenda lungepende lungepende
Class 14 bungapenda bungapenda bungepende bungepende
Class 15 kungapenda kungapenda kungepende kungepende
Class 17 kungapenda kungapenda kungepende kungepende
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizopenda engizopenda ngizopenda angizupenda ngingezupenda
2nd singular uzopenda ozopenda uzopenda awuzupenda ungezupenda
1st plural sizopenda esizopenda sizopenda asizupenda singezupenda
2nd plural nizopenda enizopenda nizopenda anizupenda ningezupenda
Class 1 uzopenda ozopenda ezopenda akazupenda engezupenda
Class 2 bazopenda abazopenda bezopenda abazupenda bengezupenda
Class 3 uzopenda ozopenda uzopenda awuzupenda ungezupenda
Class 4 izopenda ezopenda izopenda ayizupenda ingezupenda
Class 5 lizopenda elizopenda lizopenda alizupenda lingezupenda
Class 6 azopenda azopenda ezopenda awazupenda engezupenda
Class 7 sizopenda esizopenda sizopenda asizupenda singezupenda
Class 8 zizopenda ezizopenda zizopenda azizupenda zingezupenda
Class 9 izopenda ezopenda izopenda ayizupenda ingezupenda
Class 10 zizopenda ezizopenda zizopenda azizupenda zingezupenda
Class 11 luzopenda oluzopenda luzopenda aluzupenda lungezupenda
Class 14 buzopenda obuzopenda buzopenda abuzupenda bungezupenda
Class 15 kuzopenda okuzopenda kuzopenda akuzupenda kungezupenda
Class 17 kuzopenda okuzopenda kuzopenda akuzupenda kungezupenda
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyopenda engiyopenda ngiyopenda angiyupenda ngingeyupenda
2nd singular uyopenda oyopenda uyopenda awuyupenda ungeyupenda
1st plural siyopenda esiyopenda siyopenda asiyupenda singeyupenda
2nd plural niyopenda eniyopenda niyopenda aniyupenda ningeyupenda
Class 1 uyopenda oyopenda eyopenda akayupenda engeyupenda
Class 2 bayopenda abayopenda beyopenda abayupenda bengeyupenda
Class 3 uyopenda oyopenda uyopenda awuyupenda ungeyupenda
Class 4 iyopenda eyopenda iyopenda ayiyupenda ingeyupenda
Class 5 liyopenda eliyopenda liyopenda aliyupenda lingeyupenda
Class 6 ayopenda ayopenda eyopenda awayupenda engeyupenda
Class 7 siyopenda esiyopenda siyopenda asiyupenda singeyupenda
Class 8 ziyopenda eziyopenda ziyopenda aziyupenda zingeyupenda
Class 9 iyopenda eyopenda iyopenda ayiyupenda ingeyupenda
Class 10 ziyopenda eziyopenda ziyopenda aziyupenda zingeyupenda
Class 11 luyopenda oluyopenda luyopenda aluyupenda lungeyupenda
Class 14 buyopenda obuyopenda buyopenda abuyupenda bungeyupenda
Class 15 kuyopenda okuyopenda kuyopenda akuyupenda kungeyupenda
Class 17 kuyopenda okuyopenda kuyopenda akuyupenda kungeyupenda
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngipende ngingapendi
2nd singular upende ungapendi
1st plural sipende singapendi
2nd plural nipende ningapendi
Class 1 apende angapendi
Class 2 bapende bangapendi
Class 3 upende ungapendi
Class 4 ipende ingapendi
Class 5 lipende lingapendi
Class 6 apende angapendi
Class 7 sipende singapendi
Class 8 zipende zingapendi
Class 9 ipende ingapendi
Class 10 zipende zingapendi
Class 11 lupende lungapendi
Class 14 bupende bungapendi
Class 15 kupende kungapendi
Class 17 kupende kungapendi
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngapenda angipenda
2nd singular wapenda awupenda
1st plural sapenda asipenda
2nd plural napenda anipenda
Class 1 wapenda akapenda
Class 2 bapenda abapenda
Class 3 wapenda awupenda
Class 4 yapenda ayipenda
Class 5 lapenda alipenda
Class 6 apenda awapenda
Class 7 sapenda asipenda
Class 8 zapenda azipenda
Class 9 yapenda ayipenda
Class 10 zapenda azipenda
Class 11 lwapenda alupenda
Class 14 bapenda abupenda
Class 15 kwapenda akupenda
Class 17 kwapenda akupenda

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]