-a-

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From of a (as in half-a-crown) or of (as in jack-a-napes from Middle English Jak of Naples). Some terms have fully incorporated the use, as ragamuffin and jackanape(s); others arise from mistaken assimilation to the form, as all-a-gog and cock-a-leekie.

Interfix[edit]

-a-

  1. Connective interfix used in forming compounds, often no longer carrying a distinct meaning.
    Synonym: o'
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From earlier a (attested by the 14th c.), as a contraction of and and its various Middle English forms.

Conjunction[edit]

-a-

  1. And
    • 1746, Exmoor Scolding 3rd ed., 81
      Chem a laced well-a-fine aread
    Synonyms: an', n'

Etymology 3[edit]

From French à (various prepositions) and related prepositions in other Romance languages. Also from related misunderstandings, as all-a-mort from French à la morte.

Alternative forms[edit]

Infix[edit]

-a-

  1. Connective infix encountered in loanwords and phrases, generally no longer carrying a distinct meaning.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Infix[edit]

-a-

  1. (chemistry) Replacing carbon, especially in a ring.

Etymology 5[edit]

The vowel of rat.

Infix[edit]

-a-

  1. (pharmacology) A monoclonal antibody derived from a rat.
Related terms[edit]
  • -mab is the base suffix common to all monoclonal antibodies

References[edit]

  • USP Dictionary of USAN and International Drug Names, U.S. Pharmacopeia, 2000

Chichewa[edit]

Prefix[edit]

-a-

  1. Forms the past perfect tense in verbs.

Usage notes[edit]

This contrasts with the simple past, -na-/-da-, which does not imply completion.


Hungarian[edit]

Interfix[edit]

-a-

  1. A suffix-initial vowel (or linking vowel) inserted interconsonantally between the word stem and the suffix, to ease pronunciation, without contributing to the meaning.
    fiatal (young) + ‎-a- + -bb → ‎fiatalabb (younger)

See also[edit]


Lushootseed[edit]

Interfix[edit]

-a-

  1. intrinsic derivational suffix or meaningless lexical linking element

Derived terms[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Derived from the earlier and Old Norse genitive suffixes -a and -ar used in compounds. Akin to -e-.

Interfix[edit]

-a-

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Derived terms[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Interfix[edit]

-a-

  1. (somewhat archaic or dialectal) Genitival interfix used to link elements in some compounds

Usage notes[edit]

  • Found in some common words like åratal (years) and barnavård (child care), but elsewhere mostly common in archaic or literary words like bergatroll (mountain troll), fiskafänge (fishing catch), jordagods (landed property), jordafärd (funeral procession), nådatid (period of grace, respite), örtagård (herb garden), fåraherde (shepherd).
  • More common in dialects, especially Göta dialects of Swedish, and therefore in words derived from those dialects, e.g. lealös (loose-jointed), nattamat (nighttime snack), ålagille (eel party), äggakaka (egg cake).

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Teleman, Ulf; Hellberg, Staffan; Andersson, Erik & Holm, Lisa (1999). Svenska akademiens grammatik 2 Ord. Stockholm: Svenska akad.
  • Wessén, Elias (1958). Svensk språkhistoria. 2, Ordbildningslära. 3. ed. Stockholm: Almqvist & Wiksell