endesha

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Swahili[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From -enda (to go) +‎ -esha (causative affix)

Verb[edit]

-endesha (infinitive kuendesha)

  1. to drive (operate a motor vehicle)
  2. to manage
  3. to pressurize
  4. (medicine) to have diarrhea

Conjugation[edit]

Conjugation of -endesha
Non-finite forms
Form Positive Negative
Infinitive kuendesha kutoendesha
Simple finite forms
Positive form Singular Plural
Imperative endesha endesheni
Habitual huendesha
Complex finite forms
Polarity Persons Persons / Classes Classes
1st 2nd 3rd / M-wa M-mi Ma Ki-vi N U Ku Pa Mu
Sg. Pl. Sg. Pl. Sg. / 1 Pl. / 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 / 14 15 / 17 16 18
Past
Positive niliendesha
naliendesha
tuliendesha
twaliendesha
uliendesha
waliendesha
mliendesha
mwaliendesha
aliendesha waliendesha uliendesha iliendesha liliendesha yaliendesha kiliendesha viliendesha iliendesha ziliendesha uliendesha kuliendesha paliendesha muliendesha
Relative nilioendesha
nalioendesha
tulioendesha
twalioendesha
ulioendesha
walioendesha
mlioendesha
mwalioendesha
alioendesha walioendesha ulioendesha ilioendesha lilioendesha yalioendesha kilioendesha vilioendesha ilioendesha zilioendesha ulioendesha kulioendesha palioendesha mulioendesha
Negative sikuendesha hatukuendesha hukuendesha hamkuendesha hakuendesha hawakuendesha haukuendesha haikuendesha halikuendesha hayakuendesha hakikuendesha havikuendesha haikuendesha hazikuendesha haukuendesha hakukuendesha hapakuendesha hamukuendesha
Present
Positive ninaendesha
naendesha
tunaendesha unaendesha mnaendesha anaendesha wanaendesha unaendesha inaendesha linaendesha yanaendesha kinaendesha vinaendesha inaendesha zinaendesha unaendesha kunaendesha panaendesha munaendesha
Relative ninaoendesha
naoendesha
tunaoendesha unaoendesha mnaoendesha anaoendesha wanaoendesha unaoendesha inaoendesha linaoendesha yanaoendesha kinaoendesha vinaoendesha inaoendesha zinaoendesha unaoendesha kunaoendesha panaoendesha munaoendesha
Negative siendeshi hatuendeshi huendeshi hamendeshi haendeshi hawaendeshi hauendeshi haiendeshi haliendeshi hayaendeshi hakiendeshi haviendeshi haiendeshi haziendeshi hauendeshi hakuendeshi hapaendeshi hamuendeshi
Future
Positive nitaendesha tutaendesha utaendesha mtaendesha ataendesha wataendesha utaendesha itaendesha litaendesha yataendesha kitaendesha vitaendesha itaendesha zitaendesha utaendesha kutaendesha pataendesha mutaendesha
Relative nitakaoendesha tutakaoendesha utakaoendesha mtakaoendesha atakaoendesha watakaoendesha utakaoendesha itakaoendesha litakaoendesha yatakaoendesha kitakaoendesha vitakaoendesha itakaoendesha zitakaoendesha utakaoendesha kutakaoendesha patakaoendesha mutakaoendesha
Negative sitaendesha hatutaendesha hutaendesha hamtaendesha hataendesha hawataendesha hautaendesha haitaendesha halitaendesha hayataendesha hakitaendesha havitaendesha haitaendesha hazitaendesha hautaendesha hakutaendesha hapataendesha hamutaendesha
Subjunctive
Positive niendeshe tuendeshe uendeshe mendeshe aendeshe waendeshe uendeshe iendeshe liendeshe yaendeshe kiendeshe viendeshe iendeshe ziendeshe uendeshe kuendeshe paendeshe muendeshe
Negative nisiendeshe tusiendeshe usiendeshe msiendeshe asiendeshe wasiendeshe usiendeshe isiendeshe lisiendeshe yasiendeshe kisiendeshe visiendeshe isiendeshe zisiendeshe usiendeshe kusiendeshe pasiendeshe musiendeshe
Present Conditional
Positive ningeendesha tungeendesha ungeendesha mngeendesha angeendesha wangeendesha ungeendesha ingeendesha lingeendesha yangeendesha kingeendesha vingeendesha ingeendesha zingeendesha ungeendesha kungeendesha pangeendesha mungeendesha
Negative nisingeendesha
singeendesha
tusingeendesha
hatungeendesha
usingeendesha
hungeendesha
msingeendesha
hamngeendesha
asingeendesha
hangeendesha
wasingeendesha
hawangeendesha
usingeendesha
haungeendesha
isingeendesha
haingeendesha
lisingeendesha
halingeendesha
yasingeendesha
hayangeendesha
kisingeendesha
hakingeendesha
visingeendesha
havingeendesha
isingeendesha
haingeendesha
zisingeendesha
hazingeendesha
usingeendesha
haungeendesha
kusingeendesha
hakungeendesha
pasingeendesha
hapangeendesha
musingeendesha
hamungeendesha
Past Conditional
Positive ningaliendesha tungaliendesha ungaliendesha mngaliendesha angaliendesha wangaliendesha ungaliendesha ingaliendesha lingaliendesha yangaliendesha kingaliendesha vingaliendesha ingaliendesha zingaliendesha ungaliendesha kungaliendesha pangaliendesha mungaliendesha
Negative nisingaliendesha
singaliendesha
tusingaliendesha
hatungaliendesha
usingaliendesha
hungaliendesha
msingaliendesha
hamngaliendesha
asingaliendesha
hangaliendesha
wasingaliendesha
hawangaliendesha
usingaliendesha
haungaliendesha
isingaliendesha
haingaliendesha
lisingaliendesha
halingaliendesha
yasingaliendesha
hayangaliendesha
kisingaliendesha
hakingaliendesha
visingaliendesha
havingaliendesha
isingaliendesha
haingaliendesha
zisingaliendesha
hazingaliendesha
usingaliendesha
haungaliendesha
kusingaliendesha
hakungaliendesha
pasingaliendesha
hapangaliendesha
musingaliendesha
hamungaliendesha
Conditional Contrary to Fact
Positive ningeliendesha tungeliendesha ungeliendesha mngeliendesha angeliendesha wangeliendesha ungeliendesha ingeliendesha lingeliendesha yangeliendesha kingeliendesha vingeliendesha ingeliendesha zingeliendesha ungeliendesha kungeliendesha pangeliendesha mungeliendesha
General Relative
Positive niendeshao tuendeshao uendeshao mendeshao aendeshao waendeshao uendeshao iendeshao liendeshao yaendeshao kiendeshao viendeshao iendeshao ziendeshao uendeshao kuendeshao paendeshao muendeshao
Negative nisioendesha tusioendesha usioendesha msioendesha asioendesha wasioendesha usioendesha isioendesha lisioendesha yasioendesha kisioendesha visioendesha isioendesha zisioendesha usioendesha kusioendesha pasioendesha musioendesha
Gnomic
Positive naendesha twaendesha waendesha mwaendesha aendesha waendesha waendesha yaendesha laendesha yaendesha chaendesha vyaendesha yaendesha zaendesha waendesha kwaendesha paendesha mwaendesha
Perfect
Positive nimeendesha tumeendesha umeendesha mmeendesha ameendesha wameendesha umeendesha imeendesha limeendesha yameendesha kimeendesha vimeendesha imeendesha zimeendesha umeendesha kumeendesha pameendesha mumeendesha
"Already"
Positive nimeshaendesha tumeshaendesha umeshaendesha mmeshaendesha ameshaendesha wameshaendesha umeshaendesha imeshaendesha limeshaendesha yameshaendesha kimeshaendesha vimeshaendesha imeshaendesha zimeshaendesha umeshaendesha kumeshaendesha pameshaendesha mumeshaendesha
"Not yet"
Negative sijaendesha hatujaendesha hujaendesha hamjaendesha hajaendesha hawajaendesha haujaendesha haijaendesha halijaendesha hayajaendesha hakijaendesha havijaendesha haijaendesha hazijaendesha haujaendesha hakujaendesha hapajaendesha hamujaendesha
"If/When"
Positive nikiendesha tukiendesha ukiendesha mkiendesha akiendesha wakiendesha ukiendesha ikiendesha likiendesha yakiendesha kikiendesha vikiendesha ikiendesha zikiendesha ukiendesha kukiendesha pakiendesha mukiendesha
"If not"
Negative nisipoendesha tusipoendesha usipoendesha msipoendesha asipoendesha wasipoendesha usipoendesha isipoendesha lisipoendesha yasipoendesha kisipoendesha visipoendesha isipoendesha zisipoendesha usipoendesha kusipoendesha pasipoendesha musipoendesha
Consecutive
Positive nikaendesha tukaendesha ukaendesha mkaendesha akaendesha wakaendesha ukaendesha ikaendesha likaendesha yakaendesha kikaendesha vikaendesha ikaendesha zikaendesha ukaendesha kukaendesha pakaendesha mukaendesha
Not all possible forms are listed in the table. Transitive verbs can take object concords, relative concords can agree with all noun classes, and many other forms not commonly seen in modern Standard Swahili are absent from the table. See Appendix:Swahili verbs for more information.