bolg

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Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish bolg, from Proto-Celtic *bolgos.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bolg m (genitive singular boilg, nominative plural boilg)

  1. belly, stomach, abdomen
  2. (by extension) bellyful
  3. (geology, astronomy, etc.) bulge, broad part, middle (of equator, galaxy, etc.)
  4. bag
  5. (nautical) hold (of ship)
  6. (nautical) bunt, belly (of sail)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

bolg (present analytic bolgann, future analytic bolgfaidh, verbal noun bolgadh, past participle bolgtha)

  1. (transitive, intransitive) bulge
  2. (transitive, intransitive) blister

Conjugation[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
bolg bholg mbolg
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]


Manx[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish bolg, from Proto-Celtic *bolgos.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bolg m (genitive singular bolgey or bolgagh, plural builg)

  1. belly, stomach, abdomen, tummy
  2. corporation
  3. bilge
  4. bowl (of lamp)

Mutation[edit]

Manx mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
bolg volg molg
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • bolg” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Old Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *bolgos (belly), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰelǵʰ- (to swell).

Noun[edit]

bolg m (genitive builg, nominative plural builg)

  1. belly, stomach
  2. bag, satchel
  3. bellows
Inflection[edit]
Masculine o-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative
Vocative
Accusative
Genitive
Dative
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Noun[edit]

bolg f (genitive unattested, nominative plural bolga)

  1. blister, bubble, puffball
  2. bud
  3. boss
Inflection[edit]
Feminine ā-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative
Vocative
Accusative
Genitive
Dative
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
bolg bolg
pronounced with /v(ʲ)-/
mbolg
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • bolg m” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • bolg f” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.