bolg

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Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish bolg, from Proto-Celtic *bolgos.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bolg m (genitive singular boilg, nominative plural boilg)

  1. belly, stomach, abdomen
  2. (by extension) bellyful
  3. (geology, astronomy, etc.) bulge, broad part, middle (of equator, galaxy, etc.)
  4. bag
  5. (nautical) hold (of ship)
  6. (nautical) bunt, belly (of sail)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

bolg (present analytic bolgann, future analytic bolgfaidh, verbal noun bolgadh, past participle bolgtha)

  1. (transitive, intransitive) bulge
  2. (transitive, intransitive) blister

Conjugation[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
bolg bholg mbolg
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]


Manx[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish bolg, from Proto-Celtic *bolgos.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bolg m (genitive singular bolgey, plural builg)

  1. belly, stomach, abdomen, tummy
  2. corporation
  3. bilge
  4. bowl (of lamp)

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Manx mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
bolg volg molg
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]


Old Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *bolgos (belly), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰelǵʰ- (to swell).

Noun[edit]

bolg m (genitive builg, nominative plural builg)

  1. belly, stomach
  2. bag, satchel
  3. bellows
Inflection[edit]
Masculine o-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative bolg bolgL builgL
Vocative builg bolgL bolguH
Accusative bolgN bolgL bolguH
Genitive builgL bolg bolgN
Dative bolgL bolgaib bolgaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Irish: bolg
  • Manx: bolg
  • Scottish Gaelic: bolgan
  • Middle Irish: saigetbolc

Etymology 2[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

bolg f (genitive unattested, nominative plural bolga)

  1. blister, bubble, puffball
  2. bud
  3. boss
Inflection[edit]
Feminine ā-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative bolgL builgL bolgaH
Vocative bolgL builgL bolgaH
Accusative builgN builgL bolgaH
Genitive builgeH bolgL bolgN
Dative builgL bolgaib bolgaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
bolg bolg
pronounced with /v(ʲ)-/
mbolg
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]