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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



Confer with *bʰleh₁- (to swell, blow, inflate, burst) and *bʰlew-.



  1. to swell

Derived terms[edit]

  • *bʰélǵʰ-e-ti (thematic root present)
    • Germanic: *belganą (see there for further descendants)
  • *bʰolǵʰ-éye-ti (causative)
  • *bʰolǵʰ-eh₂-ye-ti
  • *bʰólǵʰ-o-s
    • Celtic: *bolgos (sack) (see there for further descendants)
  • *bʰolǵʰ-i-s
    • Germanic: *balgiz (bag) (see there for further descendants)
  • *bʰolǵʰ-is-
  • *bʰolǵʰ-in-o-s
    • Balto-Slavic:
  • *bʰolǵʰ-in-eh₂
    • Balto-Slavic:
      • Slavic:
        • South Slavic:
          • Serbo-Croatian: blàzina (pillow, bolster)
  • *bʰolǵʰ-no-s
    • Balto-Slavic:
      • Old Lithuanian: balgnas (saddle)
      • Old Prussian: balgnan (saddle)
  • *bʰelǵʰ-u-s
  • Unsorted formations:
    • Balto-Slavic:
    • Germanic: *bulgijǭ
      • Middle Low German: bulge (wave, hide)
      • Middle High German: bulge (wave, leather bag)
      • Old Norse: bylgja (wave)
    • Germanic: *bulstraz (see there for further descendants)
    • Italic:


  1. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill
  2. ^ Rastorgujeva, V. S.; Edelʹman, D. I. (2003) Etimologičeskij slovarʹ iranskix jazykov [Etymological Dictionary of Iranian Languages] (in Russian), volume II, Moscow: Vostochnaya Literatura, pages 123—126