お腹

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
なか
Grade: 6
Irregular

Etymology 1[edit]

Compound of (o, honorific prefix) +‎ (naka, insides; innards, stomach). Originally coined as a deliberately indirect 女房詞 (nyōbō kotoba, woman's word) for (hara, belly, gut).[1][2]

The use of the character to spell (naka) appears to be a relatively recent shift; many dictionaries still list 御中 or お中 as the standard spelling for this term,[1][2][3][4] but usage trends clearly show that this お腹 spelling is now more common for the belly senses.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

お腹 (hiragana おなか, rōmaji onaka)

  1. belly, tummy, stomach, abdomen
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
はら
Grade: 6
kun'yomi

Compound of (o, honorific prefix) +‎ (hara, stomach, belly).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

お腹 (hiragana おはら, rōmaji ohara)

  1. (archaic, possibly obsolete, honorific) a person used as a form of mildly honorific indirect reference to someone
  2. (uncommon) one's mother, specifically one's birth mother
  3. # (uncommon, honorific) someone's belly

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, ISBN 4-09-501211-0
  4. 4.0 4.1 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13143-0
  5. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3