փոր

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian փոր (pʿor).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

փոր (pʿor)

  1. belly, abdomen
  2. stomach
    փորս ցավում էpʿors cʿavum ēmy stomach hurts

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Origin uncertain. The sense of “abdomen” developed from the earlier sense of “cavity, hollow”, the inside of a human being perceived as one big cavity.

Noun[edit]

փոր (pʿor)

  1. cavity, hollow
  2. the hollow core of things (e.g. of a ship, melon, vessel, etc)
  3. belly, abdomen, paunch; womb, bowels, entrails, inwards; uterus; heart
    • 5th century, Bible, Job 21.24:[1]
      Փոր նորա լի է ճարպով․ ուղիղ նորա շճեսցէ։
      Pʿor nora li ē čarpov; ułił nora ščescʿē.
      • Translation by Claude E. Cox
        His inwards are filled with fat; his marrow will become liquified.
    • 5th century, with changes and additions in later centuries, Baroyaxōs [Physiologus] Earliest recension (TR).28.4:[2]
      իբրեւ գիտէ շնջրին, թաւալի ի տիղմ տեղի, եւ յորժամ ցամաքի կաւն, եւ դիմէ ի բերան կոկորդիլոսին եւ զամենայն փորն եւ զաղիսն ուտէ։
      ibrew gitē šnǰrin, tʿawali i tiłm tełi, ew yoržam cʿamakʿi kawn, ew dimē i beran kokordilosin ew zamenayn pʿorn ew załisn utē.
      • Translation by Gohar Muradyan
        When the otter learns [this], it rolls in a muddy place, and when the clay dries up, it rushes into the crocodile's mouth and devours all its entrails and bowels.
  4. valley; province full of valleys
Declension[edit]

Adjective[edit]

փոր (pʿor)

  1. hollow, empty, void
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Armenian: փոր (pʿor)
  • Georgian: ფორი (pori)
  • Romani: pori, pir, puri, poria, per

Further reading[edit]

  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1979) , “փոր”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume IV, 2nd edition, reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press, pages 518—519
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837) , “փոր”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Olsen, Birgit Anette (1999) The noun in Biblical Armenian: origin and word-formation: with special emphasis on the Indo-European heritage (Trends in linguistics. Studies and monographs; 119), Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter, page 942
  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879) , “փոր”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cox, Claude E. (2006) Armenian Job: reconstructed Greek text, critical edition of the Armenian with English translation (Hebrew University Armenian studies; 8), Leuven – Paris – Dudley, MA: Peeters, page 156
  2. ^ Muradyan, Gohar (2005) Physiologus: The Greek and Armenian Versions with a Study of Translation Technique (Hebrew University Armenian Studies; 6)‎[1], Leuven – Paris – Dudley: Peeters, pages 132, 159

Etymology 2[edit]

Unknown.[1][2][3] Perhaps originally meaning swansdown and borrowed from Iranian: compare Persian پر قو(par qū),[4] Gilaki [script needed] (pə́rə ɣu),[5] Judeo-Tat пәргу (pәrgu),[6] Talysh ғо пәр (ğo pǝr),[7] all meaning "swansdown" and containing the word for "bird's down" from Proto-Indo-Iranian *parnám (wing, feather) and the word for "swan" (Persian قو(qu)). Note especially Persian پریقو(parīqū) glossed as "swan" in Steingass,[8] if not a mistake for "swansdown". For a transfer between animal name and its product compare սամոյր (samoyr), տիկ (tik), բորենի (boreni).

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

փոր (pʿor)

  1. swan
    • 5th century, Łazar Pʿarpecʿi, Patmutʿiwn Hayocʿ [History of Armenia] 7:[9][10]
      այլ եւ զջրասուզակ մամռախնդիր խօզակեր մեծանձունք եւ յաղթամարմինք հաւքն, փորն եւ թանձրն եւ սագն, եւ կամ այլ բազում եւ անհամար ցամաքայնոցն եւ ջրայնոցն ջոկք թռչնոցն։
      ayl ew zǰrasuzak mamṙaxndir xōzaker mecanjunkʿ ew yałtʿamarminkʿ hawkʿn, pʿorn ew tʿanjrn ew sagn, ew kam ayl bazum ew anhamar cʿamakʿaynocʿn ew ǰraynocʿn ǰokkʿ tʿṙčʿnocʿn.
      • Translation by Robert W. Thomson
        and the large and powerful aquatic birds that seek out weeds and feed on moss—the swan, duck, and goose, and many other numberless coveys of birds, terrestrial or aquatic.
    • 5th century, Basil of Caesarea, Yałags Vecʿawreay ararčʿutʿean [Homiliae in Hexaemeron] :
      Դարձեալ եթէ կամեսցիս տեղեկանալ մեւս եւս թռչնոյ՝ որ անուանեալ կոչի կիկնոս, այս ինքն փոր կամ ձկնաքաղ, թէ զիարդ կիկնոսն հաւ մխէ զերկայն պարանոցն ի ջուրն, զի ի խորոց անտի ի վեր ածից է զպէտս իւրոյ կերակրոյն։
      Darjeal etʿē kamescʿis tełekanal mews ews tʿṙčʿnoy, or anuaneal kočʿi kiknos, ays inkʿn pʿor kam jknakʿał, tʿē ziard kiknosn haw mxē zerkayn paranocʿn i ǰurn, zi i xorocʿ anti i ver acicʿ ē zpēts iwroy kerakroyn.
      • Translation by John A. C. Greppin
        Moreover, if you should wish to be informed of another bird which os called the kiknos, the same as a pʿor ('swan') or jknakʿał ('heron'); how the kiknos bird extends its long neck into the water so that thence from the bottom it would carry up the necessities for its nourishment.
    • 5th? century, Movsēs Xorenacʿi, Patmutʿiwn Hayocʿ [History of Armenia] :
      [] ուր հասարակաց կերակուր ասեն զառ մեզ պատուական եւ սակաւուց ճաշակելիս՝ զփասեան եւ զպոր, եւ այլք այսպիսիք
      [] ur hasarakacʿ kerakur asen zaṙ mez patuakan ew sakawucʿ čašakelis, zpʿasean ew zpor, ew aylkʿ ayspisikʿ
      • Translation by John A. C. Greppin
        [] where they call common food our dainty and rary dishes of pheasant and swan and the like.
    Synonym: կարապ (karap)
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Middle Armenian: փոր (pʿor)

Further reading[edit]

  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837) , “փոր”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Greppin, John A. C. (1978) Classical and Middle Armenian bird names: A linguistic, taxonomic, and mythological study, Delmar, New York: Caravan Books, page 27
  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879) , “պոր”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1979) , “փոր”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume IV, 2nd edition, reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press, page 520a
  2. ^ Olsen, Birgit Anette (1999) The noun in Biblical Armenian: origin and word-formation: with special emphasis on the Indo-European heritage (Trends in linguistics. Studies and monographs; 119), Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter, page 939
  3. ^ J̌ahukyan, Geworg (2010) , “փոր”, in Vahan Sargsyan, editor, Hayeren stugabanakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Asoghik, page 767b
  4. ^ Rubinčik Ju. A., editor (1985) , “پر”, in Persidsko-russkij slovarʹ [Persian–Russian Dictionary] (in Russian), volume I, 3rd edition, Moscow: Russkij jazyk, page 276b
  5. ^ Kerimova, A. A.; Mameladze, A. K.; Rastorgujeva, V. S. (1980) , “ɣu”, in Giljansko-russkij slovarʹ [Gilaki–Russian Dictionary] (in Russian), Moscow: Nauka, page 287
  6. ^ Agarunov, Ja.; Agarunov, M. (2010) , “пәргу”, in Bolʹšoj slovarʹ jazyka gorskix jevrejev džuuri [Large Dictionary of the Juhuri Language of Mountain Jews] (in Russian), Baku: Abilov, Zejnalov i synovʹja, page 171a
  7. ^ Pirejko, L. A. (1976) , “ғо”, in Talyšsko-russkij slovarʹ [Talysh–Russian Dictionary], Moscow: Russkij jazyk, page 65a
  8. ^ Steingass, Francis Joseph (1892) , “پریقو”, in A Comprehensive Persian–English dictionary, London: Routledge & K. Paul, page 248a
  9. ^ Łazar Pʿarpecʿi (1904) , G. Tēr-Mkrtčʿean and St. Malxasean, editors, Patmutʿiwn Hayocʿ ew tʿułtʿ aṙ Vahan Mamikonean [History of Armenia and Letter to Vahan Mamikonian] (Patmagirkʿ hayocʿ; I.4), Tiflis: Aragatip Mnacʿakan Martiroseancʿi, page 10
  10. ^ Thomson, Robert W. (1991) The History of Łazar Pʿarpecʿi (Columbia University Program in Armenian Studies. Suren D. Fesjian Academic Publications; 4)‎[2], Atlanta, Georgia: Scholars Press, page 43

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

փոր (pʿor)

  1. Alternative form of բուռ (buṙ)
Declension[edit]