data

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See also: Data, data., datá, datã, dată, dàta, dáta, and dātā

English

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Latin data, nominative plural of datum (that is given), neuter past participle of (I give). Doublet of date.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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English Wikipedia has articles on:
Wikipedia Wikipedia

data

A spreadsheet containing a data table and a graph.
  1. plural of datum
    Synonym: data points
    These data show clearly that X is correlated with Y, although they tell us nothing about causation.
    • 1692, William Molyneux, Edmund Halley, Dioptrica nova[3], London: Benj. Tooke, page 100:
      First from these Data, let us obtain the Breadth of the Glass e z
  2. (collectively, uncountable) Information, especially in a scientific or computational context, or with the implication that it is organized.
    This data shows clearly that X is correlated with Y, although it tells us nothing about causation.
    • 1992, Rudolf M[athias] Schuster, The Hepaticae and Anthocerotae of North America: East of the Hundredth Meridian, volume V, Chicago, Ill.: Field Museum of Natural History, →ISBN, page vii:
      With fresh material, taxonomic conclusions are leavened by recognition that the material examined reflects the site it occupied; a herbarium packet gives one only a small fraction of the data desirable for sound conclusions. Herbarium material does not, indeed, allow one to extrapolate safely: what you see is what you get []
    • 2013 June 22, “Snakes and ladders”, in The Economist, volume 407, number 8841, page 76:
      Risk is everywhere. [] For each one there is a frighteningly precise measurement of just how likely it is to jump from the shadows and get you. “The Norm Chronicles” [] aims to help data-phobes find their way through this blizzard of risks.
  3. (collectively) Recorded observations that are usually presented in a structured format.
    Near-synonyms: dataset, data set, data points, information
  4. (computing) A representation of facts or ideas in a formalized manner capable of being communicated or manipulated by some process.
    Coordinate term: information
  5. (mobile telephony) Ellipsis of mobile data: digital information transmitted using the cellular telephone network rather than Wi-Fi.
    run out of data

Usage notes

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  • The word data is more often used as an uncountable noun with a singular verb than as a plural noun with singular datum. Usage as a plural noun with a plural verb is more common in certain formal contexts (but not others): it is an unusual exception in computer science and data science but is still often maintained in the medical literature.
  • In geodetic and GD&T contexts, the word data is used exclusively in its uncountable senses, whereas the singular datum (referring to a reference point or surface) has the plural datums, not data.
  • The definition of data in the computing context is from an international standard vocabulary and is meant to distinguish data from information. However, this distinction is often ignored by the computing profession.[1]

Hyponyms

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Derived terms

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Descendants

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  • Turkish: data

Translations

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References

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References

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Further reading

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Anagrams

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Afar

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Etymology

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Cognate with Saho data.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /daˈta/ [dʌˈtʌ]
  • Hyphenation: da‧ta

Verb

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datá

  1. (stative) be black

Conjugation

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    Conjugation of data (type III verb)
1st singular 2nd singular 3rd singular 1st plural 2nd plural 3rd plural
m f
present indicative I V-affirmative datiyóh datitóh datáh datáh datinóh datitoonúh datoonúh
N-affirmative datiyó datitó datá datá datinó datitón datón
negative mádatiyo mádatito mádata mádata mádatino mádatiton mádaton
present indicative II affirmative present indicative I + imperfective of én
past indicative I dátuk + perfective of én
past indicative II dátuk + perfective of sugé
present
potential
affirmative datiyóm takkéh datitóm takkéh datám takkéh datám takkéh datinóm takkéh datitoonúm takkéh datoonúm takkéh
past
conditional
affirmative dátuk + past conditional of sugé
-h converb -k converb -in(n)uh converb infinitive
dátih dátuk datínnuh datíyya

Antonyms

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References

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  • E. M. Parker, R. J. Hayward (1985) “data”, in An Afar-English-French dictionary (with Grammatical Notes in English), University of London, →ISBN
  • Marie-Claude Simeone-Senelle, Mohamed Hassan Kamil (2013 August) “Gender, Number and Agreement in Afar (Cushitic language)”, in 43th Colloquium on African Languages and Linguistics[4], Leiden: Leiden University, page 2
  • Mohamed Hassan Kamil (2015) L’afar: description grammaticale d’une langue couchitique (Djibouti, Erythrée et Ethiopie)[5], Paris: Université Sorbonne Paris Cité (doctoral thesis), page 307

Catalan

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Etymology 1

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Borrowed from Late Latin data < Latin datus.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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data f (plural dates)

  1. date (specific moment in time)

Further reading

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Etymology 2

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Verb

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data

  1. inflection of datar:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

Cebuano

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Pronunciation

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  • Hyphenation: da‧ta

Noun

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data

  1. installment, partial payment

Chinese

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Etymology

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From English data.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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data (Hong Kong Cantonese)

  1. data (information)
  2. data; mobile data
    1. Internet connection using mobile data, i.e. not using Wi-Fi
      data [Cantonese, trad.]
      data [Cantonese, simp.]
      ni1 go3 wai6-2 sau1 dei1 taa4 hou2 maan6. [Jyutping]
      Receiving mobile data connection is very slow at this spot.
    2. quota or limit of mobile data usage
      data [Cantonese]  ―  baau3 dei1 taa4 [Jyutping]  ―  to exceed the mobile data usage limit
      今個仲有好多data [Cantonese, trad.]
      今个仲有好多data [Cantonese, simp.]
      ngo5 gam1 go3 jyut6 zung6 jau5 hou2 do1 dei1 taa4 zing6. [Jyutping]
      I still have a lot of [my] quota for mobile data usage left for this month.

Czech

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Pronunciation

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Noun

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data n pl (related adjective datový)

  1. data
    Synonym: údaje

Declension

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Further reading

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  • data in Kartotéka Novočeského lexikálního archivu
  • data in Internetová jazyková příručka

Danish

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Danish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia da

Noun

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data n (singular definite dataet, plural indefinite data)

  1. datum, data
  2. curriculum vitae, résumé

Inflection

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Dutch

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Pronunciation

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Noun

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data

  1. plural of datum
    Synonym: datums
  2. (uncountable) data, information
    Synonym: gegevens

Usage notes

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Though some speakers use data "information" as a new singular rather than as the plural of datum (data point), this is generally prescribed against.[6][7][8] This is analogous to media in Dutch, which some speakers treat as a new singular rather than as a plural of medium.

Finnish

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Finnish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fi

Etymology

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From Latin data.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈdɑtɑ/, [ˈdɑ̝t̪ɑ̝]
  • Rhymes: -ɑtɑ
  • Syllabification(key): da‧ta

Noun

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data

  1. data

Declension

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Inflection of data (Kotus type 9/kala, no gradation)
nominative data datat
genitive datan datojen
partitive dataa datoja
illative dataan datoihin
singular plural
nominative data datat
accusative nom. data datat
gen. datan
genitive datan datojen
datain rare
partitive dataa datoja
inessive datassa datoissa
elative datasta datoista
illative dataan datoihin
adessive datalla datoilla
ablative datalta datoilta
allative datalle datoille
essive datana datoina
translative dataksi datoiksi
abessive datatta datoitta
instructive datoin
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of data (Kotus type 9/kala, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative datani datani
accusative nom. datani datani
gen. datani
genitive datani datojeni
dataini rare
partitive dataani datojani
inessive datassani datoissani
elative datastani datoistani
illative dataani datoihini
adessive datallani datoillani
ablative dataltani datoiltani
allative datalleni datoilleni
essive datanani datoinani
translative datakseni datoikseni
abessive datattani datoittani
instructive
comitative datoineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative datasi datasi
accusative nom. datasi datasi
gen. datasi
genitive datasi datojesi
dataisi rare
partitive dataasi datojasi
inessive datassasi datoissasi
elative datastasi datoistasi
illative dataasi datoihisi
adessive datallasi datoillasi
ablative dataltasi datoiltasi
allative datallesi datoillesi
essive datanasi datoinasi
translative dataksesi datoiksesi
abessive datattasi datoittasi
instructive
comitative datoinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative datamme datamme
accusative nom. datamme datamme
gen. datamme
genitive datamme datojemme
dataimme rare
partitive dataamme datojamme
inessive datassamme datoissamme
elative datastamme datoistamme
illative dataamme datoihimme
adessive datallamme datoillamme
ablative dataltamme datoiltamme
allative datallemme datoillemme
essive datanamme datoinamme
translative dataksemme datoiksemme
abessive datattamme datoittamme
instructive
comitative datoinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative datanne datanne
accusative nom. datanne datanne
gen. datanne
genitive datanne datojenne
datainne rare
partitive dataanne datojanne
inessive datassanne datoissanne
elative datastanne datoistanne
illative dataanne datoihinne
adessive datallanne datoillanne
ablative dataltanne datoiltanne
allative datallenne datoillenne
essive datananne datoinanne
translative dataksenne datoiksenne
abessive datattanne datoittanne
instructive
comitative datoinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative datansa datansa
accusative nom. datansa datansa
gen. datansa
genitive datansa datojensa
datainsa rare
partitive dataansa datojaan
datojansa
inessive datassaan
datassansa
datoissaan
datoissansa
elative datastaan
datastansa
datoistaan
datoistansa
illative dataansa datoihinsa
adessive datallaan
datallansa
datoillaan
datoillansa
ablative dataltaan
dataltansa
datoiltaan
datoiltansa
allative datalleen
datallensa
datoilleen
datoillensa
essive datanaan
datanansa
datoinaan
datoinansa
translative datakseen
dataksensa
datoikseen
datoiksensa
abessive datattaan
datattansa
datoittaan
datoittansa
instructive
comitative datoineen
datoinensa

Synonyms

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  • anne (datum) (rare)

Derived terms

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Further reading

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French

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Pronunciation

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Verb

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data

  1. third-person singular past historic of dater

Ilocano

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Etymology 1

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Cognate with Tagalog hilata.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈdata/, [ˈdaː.ta]
  • Hyphenation: da‧ta

Adjective

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dáta

  1. facing upwards; on one's back
Derived terms
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Etymology 2

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From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *da and Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *-ta, an enclitic form of Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *(i-)kita (we (inclusive), we (dual)), whence Proto-Austronesian *(i-)kita (we (inclusive)). Compare Kankanaey daita (we (two), you and I), Pangasinan sikata (we (two), you and I), Kapampangan ikata (we (two), you and I), Tagalog kata (we (two), you and I), Bikol Central kita (we (inclusive)), Cebuano kita (we (inclusive)), and Maranao sekta (we (inclusive)).

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /daˈta/, [dɐˈta]
  • Hyphenation: da‧ta

Pronoun

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datá

  1. First-person dual absolutive independent pronoun; we (two); us (two); you and I; you and me
    Synonym: sita
    Data laeng ti adda ti kasar ita nga aldaw.It is only us two who have a wedding today.
Derived terms
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See also
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Indonesian

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Indonesian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia id

Etymology

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From Dutch data, from Latin data.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): [ˈdata]
  • Hyphenation: da‧ta
  • Rhymes: -ta, -a

Noun

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data

  1. datum,
    1. a fact known from direct observation.
    2. a premise from which conclusions are drawn.
  2. data,
    1. information, especially in a scientific or computational context, or with the implication that it is organized.
    2. recorded observations that are usually presented in a structured format.
    3. (computing) a representation of facts or ideas in a formalized manner capable of being communicated or manipulated by some process.

Derived terms

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Further reading

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Italian

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Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈda.ta/
  • Rhymes: -ata
  • Hyphenation: dà‧ta

Etymology 1

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From Late Latin data, from Latin datus.

Noun

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data f (plural date)

  1. date
    a {n} giorni datawithin {n} days

Etymology 2

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See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb

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data

  1. inflection of datare:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

Etymology 3

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See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Participle

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data f sg

  1. feminine singular of dato
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See also

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Ladin

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Noun

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data f (plural dates)

  1. date (day number of the month)

Latin

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Pronunciation

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Participle

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data

  1. inflection of datus:
    1. nominative/vocative feminine singular
    2. nominative/accusative/vocative neuter plural

Participle

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datā

  1. ablative feminine singular of datus

Noun

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data

  1. nominative/vocative/accusative plural of datum

References

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Maltese

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Italian data.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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data f (plural dati)

  1. date
  2. data
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Middle Irish

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Noun

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data m

  1. sire, father
  2. foster father, godfather, guardian
    Synonym: aite
  3. sir

Inflection

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This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Minangkabau

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Etymology

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From Proto-Malayic *datar, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *dataʀ, from Proto-Austronesian *dataʀ.

Adjective

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data

  1. flat

Norwegian Bokmål

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Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Etymology

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From Latin data, plural of datum (gift, present), neuter past participle of (I give, offer), from Proto-Italic *didō (give), from Proto-Indo-European *dédeh₃ti (to be giving), from *deh₃- (give).

Noun

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data m or n (definite singular dataen or dataet, indefinite plural data, definite plural dataene)

  1. data
  2. short form of datateknologi

Derived terms

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References

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Norwegian Nynorsk

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Etymology 1

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From Latin data, plural of datum.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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data m or n

  1. plural of datum

data m (definite singular dataen, indefinite plural data or dataar or dataer, definite plural dataane or dataene)

  1. (plural: data, in the plural or collective and uncountable) data; information, especially in a computational context
  2. (plural: dataar or dataer, countable) short for datamaskin (computer)
  3. (collective, uncountable) short for datateknologi (computer technology)
  4. (collective, uncountable, mobile telephony) short for mobildata (mobile data)
Derived terms
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Etymology 2

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From English date.

Pronunciation

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Verb

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data (present tense datar, past tense data, past participle data, imperative date)

  1. a-infinitive form of date

References

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Anagrams

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Polish

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Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology

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Learned borrowing from Medieval Latin data.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈda.ta/
  • Audio:(file)
  • Rhymes: -ata
  • Syllabification: da‧ta

Noun

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data f

  1. date (point of time at which event takes place; a specific day)

Declension

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Further reading

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  • data in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • data in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese

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Portuguese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pt

Pronunciation

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Etymology 1

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Borrowed from Late Latin data, from Latin datus (given). Doublet of dada.

Noun

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data f (plural datas)

  1. date (point of time at which a transaction or event takes place)
    Qual é sua data de nascimento?What is your date of birth?
  2. (informal) a large quantity
    Uma data de coisas.Lots of things.
  3. (informal) a lot, a plot of land
    Quero comprar esta data.I want to buy this plot of land

Etymology 2

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See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb

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data

  1. inflection of datar:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

Romanian

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Etymology 1

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Borrowed from French dater.

Verb

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a data (third-person singular present datează, past participle datat) 1st conj.

  1. to date
Conjugation
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Etymology 2

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Noun

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data f

  1. nominative/accusative definite singular of dată

Rwanda-Rundi

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Etymology

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From Proto-Bantu *tààtá.

Noun

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dātá class 1a (plural bādâtá class 2a)

  1. my father
  2. my paternal uncle

See also

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  • so (your father)
  • se (his/her father)
  • mama (my mother)

Spanish

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Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈdata/ [ˈd̪a.t̪a]
  • Rhymes: -ata
  • Syllabification: da‧ta

Etymology 1

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Borrowed from Late Latin data, from Latin datus.

Noun

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data f (plural datas)

  1. date (point of time at which a transaction or event takes place)
    Synonym: (more common) fecha
Derived terms
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Etymology 2

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See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb

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data

  1. inflection of datar:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

Further reading

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Swahili

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Pronunciation

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Etymology 1

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Swahili Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sw

Unadapted borrowing from English data.[1]

Noun

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data (n class, plural data)

  1. data (information, especially in a scientific or computational context)

Etymology 2

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(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Verb

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-data (infinitive kudata)

  1. to crackle
  2. to miss a desired outcome
  3. to adhere to something
Conjugation
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Conjugation of -data
Positive present -nadata
Subjunctive -date
Negative -dati
Imperative singular data
Infinitives
Positive kudata
Negative kutodata
Imperatives
Singular data
Plural dateni
Tensed forms
Habitual hudata
Positive past positive subject concord + -lidata
Negative past negative subject concord + -kudata
Positive present (positive subject concord + -nadata)
Singular Plural
1st person ninadata/nadata tunadata
2nd person unadata mnadata
3rd person m-wa(I/II) anadata wanadata
other classes positive subject concord + -nadata
Negative present (negative subject concord + -dati)
Singular Plural
1st person sidati hatudati
2nd person hudati hamdati
3rd person m-wa(I/II) hadati hawadati
other classes negative subject concord + -dati
Positive future positive subject concord + -tadata
Negative future negative subject concord + -tadata
Positive subjunctive (positive subject concord + -date)
Singular Plural
1st person nidate tudate
2nd person udate mdate
3rd person m-wa(I/II) adate wadate
other classes positive subject concord + -date
Negative subjunctive positive subject concord + -sidate
Positive present conditional positive subject concord + -ngedata
Negative present conditional positive subject concord + -singedata
Positive past conditional positive subject concord + -ngalidata
Negative past conditional positive subject concord + -singalidata
Gnomic (positive subject concord + -adata)
Singular Plural
1st person nadata twadata
2nd person wadata mwadata
3rd person m-wa(I/II) adata wadata
m-mi(III/IV) wadata yadata
ji-ma(V/VI) ladata yadata
ki-vi(VII/VIII) chadata vyadata
n(IX/X) yadata zadata
u(XI) wadata see n(X) or ma(VI) class
ku(XV/XVII) kwadata
pa(XVI) padata
mu(XVIII) mwadata
Perfect positive subject concord + -medata
"Already" positive subject concord + -meshadata
"Not yet" negative subject concord + -jadata
"If/When" positive subject concord + -kidata
"If not" positive subject concord + -sipodata
Consecutive kadata / positive subject concord + -kadata
Consecutive subjunctive positive subject concord + -kadate
Object concord (indicative positive)
Singular Plural
1st person -nidata -tudata
2nd person -kudata -wadata/-kudateni/-wadateni
3rd person m-wa(I/II) -mdata -wadata
m-mi(III/IV) -udata -idata
ji-ma(V/VI) -lidata -yadata
ki-vi(VII/VIII) -kidata -vidata
n(IX/X) -idata -zidata
u(XI) -udata see n(X) or ma(VI) class
ku(XV/XVII) -kudata
pa(XVI) -padata
mu(XVIII) -mudata
Reflexive -jidata
Relative forms
General positive (positive subject concord + (object concord) + -data- + relative marker)
Singular Plural
m-wa(I/II) -dataye -datao
m-mi(III/IV) -datao -datayo
ji-ma(V/VI) -datalo -datayo
ki-vi(VII/VIII) -datacho -datavyo
n(IX/X) -datayo -datazo
u(XI) -datao see n(X) or ma(VI) class
ku(XV/XVII) -datako
pa(XVI) -datapo
mu(XVIII) -datamo
Other forms (subject concord + tense marker + relative marker + (object concord) + -data)
Singular Plural
m-wa(I/II) -yedata -odata
m-mi(III/IV) -odata -yodata
ji-ma(V/VI) -lodata -yodata
ki-vi(VII/VIII) -chodata -vyodata
n(IX/X) -yodata -zodata
u(XI) -odata see n(X) or ma(VI) class
ku(XV/XVII) -kodata
pa(XVI) -podata
mu(XVIII) -modata
Some forms not commonly seen in modern Standard Swahili are absent from the table. See Appendix:Swahili verbs for more information.

References

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  1. ^ Petzell, Malin (2005) “Expanding the Swahili vocabulary”, in Africa & Asia[2], volume 5, →ISSN, archived from the original on 2009-11-29, page 88 of 85-107:There are however fully adopted words like data ‘data’ with no visible degree of phonemic substitution even though the pronunciation has gone through a certain degree of swahilisation.

Swedish

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Latin data, from the plural of datum (that which is given, information, facts at hand, a date in the calendar).

The sense ”computer” is a clipping of datamaskin.

Noun

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data c

  1. (uncountable) information, especially encoded information that can be processed by computers
  2. (colloquial, proscribed) Alternative form of dator (computer)
    Det är fel på datan.Something's wrong with the computer.
    • 1966, Olof Johannesson (pen name of Hannes Alfvén), Sagan om den stora datamaskinen:
      De första datorna var ju också mycket enkla.
      The first computers were indeed very simple.

Usage notes

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  • The first definition is rarely inflected, but most often used in its basic form. In the definite form, both neuter (datat) and common gender (datan) forms are used. For the compound indata, Google yields 440,000 hits, but only 2110 for indatan and 1200 for indatat. The Latin singular datum is not used in this sense, because it is already used for ”date (in the calendar)”.
  • Swedish lacked a good and short word for computer until dator was proposed in 1967. The colloquial data was used in the 1960s and is still used colloquially today, but is usually proscribed. The form dator is also the plural of data, and the plural definite forms datorerna/datorna are very similar.

Declension

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Declension of data 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative data datan dator datorna
Genitive datas datans dators datornas

Derived terms

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References

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