From Old French paternal (“of a father”) (12c.), a learned borrowing from Vulgar Latin paternālis (“paternal”), from Classical Latin paternus (“of or pertaining to a father, paternal”), from pater (“father”).
- Of or pertaining to one's father, his genes, his relatives, or his side of a family
- paternal grandfather
- 1837, Letitia Elizabeth Landon, Ethel Churchill, volume 1, page 93:
- It was with a natural touch of pride that Norbourne Courtenaye paced his paternal hall, while waiting for his uncle, with whom he was going to ride.
- Fatherly; behaving as or characteristic of a father.
- Received or inherited from one's father.
- a. 1701, John Dryden, “The Second Epode of Horace”, in The Miscellaneous Works of John Dryden, […], volume II, London: […] J[acob] and R[ichard] Tonson, […], published 1760, OCLC 863244003, page 477:
- Thus, ere the ſeeds of vice were ſown, / Liv'd men in better ages born, / Who plow'd with oxen of their own / Their ſmall paternal field of corn.
- Acting as a father
- paternal filicide
- maternal – mother
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
paternal m (oblique and nominative feminine singular paternale)
- English: paternal
paternal (plural paternales)