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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
月-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
月-oracle.svg 月-bronze.svg 月-silk.svg 月-bigseal.svg 月-seal.svg

Pictogram (象形) - pictographic representation of a crescent moon.

Also simplified from in .

Usage notes[edit]

Do not confuse with , a form of ‎(flesh, meat) when used as the left-hand radical of a character. is used for parts of the body such as ‎(back) or ‎(liver). These may be written identically as , but in careful use they are distinguished, with the inside of being written with unattached diagonal strokes. This is particularly an issue in looking up characters by radical; compare the 月 index and 肉 index.

Han character[edit]

(radical 74 +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 月 (B), four-corner 77220, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 504, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14330
  • Dae Jaweon: page 879, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2041, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6708

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /yɛ⁵¹/
Harbin /yɛ⁵³/
Tianjin /ye⁵³/
Jinan /yə²¹/
Qingdao /yə⁴²/
Zhengzhou /yɛ²⁴/
Xi'an /yɛ²¹/
Xining /yu⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ye¹³/
Lanzhou /yə¹³/
Ürümqi /yɤ²¹³/
Wuhan /ye²¹³/
Chengdu /ye³¹/
Guiyang /ie²¹/
Kunming /iɛ³¹/
Nanjing /yeʔ⁵/
Hefei /yɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /yəʔ²/
Pingyao /yʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /yaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /ɦioʔ¹/
/ȵioʔ¹/
/ɦyɪʔ¹/
/ȵyɪʔ¹/
Suzhou /ŋəʔ³/
Hangzhou /ɦyəʔ²/
Wenzhou /ȵy²¹³/
Hui Shexian /ue²²/
Tunxi /ȵyɛ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ye²⁴/
Xiangtan /yæ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /ȵyɵʔ²/ ~光
/ȵyɵʔ⁵/ 一个~
Hakka Meixian /ŋiat̚⁵/
Taoyuan /ŋiet̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jyt̚²/
Nanning /yt̚²²/
Hong Kong /jyt̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /guat̚⁵/
/geʔ⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ŋuoʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ŋyɛ⁴²/
Shantou (Min Nan) /gueʔ⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /zuak̚⁵/
/vue³³/
/kɔu²¹³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (31)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋʉɐt̚/ /ŋi̯wɐt̚/ /ŋiuɐt̚/ /ŋʷiɐt̚/ /ŋuat̚/ /ŋĭwɐn/ /ŋiuɐt̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
yuè ‹ ngjwot › /*[ŋ]ʷat/ moon, month

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
16319 3 /*ŋod/

Noun[edit]

(classifiers (lún), ())

  1. (literary) moon
  2. (Beginning Mandarin) month

Synonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

See also[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. moon
  2. a month (on the lunar calendar)
  3. every month
  4. menstruation
  5. abbreviation for 月曜日 (Monday)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

See also[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Kanji in this term
つき
Grade: 1
kun'yomi

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana つき, romaji tsuki)

  1. the moon
    日本 (にほん)では (つき)にうさぎが ()んでいるというお (はなし)があります。
    Nihon de wa tsuki ni usagi ga sunde iru to iu o-hanashi ga arimasu.
    In Japan, there is a fairy-tale that rabbits live on the moon.
     (つき)地球 (ちきゅう)唯一 (ゆいいつ)衛星 (えいせい)です。
    Tsuki wa chikyū no yuiitsu no eisei desu.
    The moon is the only one satellite of the Earth.
  2. the lunar cycle, a month
     (つき)一度 (いちど)旅行 (りょこう) ()かけます。
    Tsuki ni ichi do, ryokō ni dekakemasu.
    I go for a trip once a month.
  3. (tarot): The Moon; the eighteenth trump or major arcana card in most traditional Tarot decks.
Synonyms[edit]
Kanji in this term
がつ
Grade: 1
on'yomi

Suffix[edit]

‎(hiragana がつ, romaji -gatsu)

  1. month of the year

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  • New Nelson: 2530
  • Halpern: 2956
  • Halpern Learners: 1876
  • Heisig: 13
  • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 4b0.1
  1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.

Usage notes[edit]

When used in compounds counting a number of months with "ヶ"(, ka), 月 is pronounced as げつ (getsu). When used in compounds for modern months of the year, it is pronounced as がつ (gatsu). When used for poetic or lunar months, it is pronounced as つき (tsuki).


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(wol)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (McCune-Reischauer: wŏl, Yale: wel)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: dal, McCune-Reischauer: tal, Yale: tal)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nguyệt, ngoạt)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.