一月

From Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Chinese[edit]

 
one; single; a
one; single; a; (before verbs) as soon as, once; (before a noun) entire (family, etc.)
moon; month
simp. and trad.
(一月)

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (34) (31)
Final () (48) (68)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Closed
Division () III III
Fanqie
Baxter 'jit ngjwot
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔiɪt̚/ /ŋʉɐt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔit̚/ /ŋʷiɐt̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔjet̚/ /ŋiuɐt̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔit̚/ /ŋuat̚/
Li
Rong
/ʔiĕt̚/ /ŋiuɐt̚/
Wang
Li
/ĭĕt̚/ /ŋĭwɐt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔi̯ĕt̚/ /ŋi̯wɐt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yi yuè
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
jat1 jyut6
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yuè
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔjit › ‹ ngjwot ›
Old
Chinese
/*ʔi[t]/ /*[ŋ]ʷat/
English one moon, month

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 14833 16319
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qliɡ/ /*ŋod/

Noun[edit]

一月

  1. January
  2. first month of the Chinese lunar calendar

Synonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (一月):
  • Japanese: 一月(いちげつ) (ichigetsu)
  • Korean: 일월(一月) (irwol)

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
いち
Grade: 1
がつ
Grade: 1
goon
Alternative spelling
1月

From (ichi, one) +‎ (-gatsu, month).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(いち)(がつ) (ichigatsu

  1. January
  2. (archaic) the first month of the lunar calendar
    Synonym: 睦月 (mutsuki)
  3. one month
Derived terms[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
いち
Grade: 1
げつ
Grade: 1
goon kan’on

Compound of Middle Chinese-derived elements (ichi, one, 呉音 (goon, literally Wu-sound) reading) +‎ (getsu, moon, month, 漢音 (kan'on, literally Han-sound) reading).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(いち)(げつ) (ichigetsu

  1. (archaic) the first month of the lunar calendar
  2. one month
  3. a full moon
Derived terms[edit]
Proverbs[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
ひと
Grade: 1
つき
Grade: 1
kun’yomi

Possibly from Old Japanese.

Compound of (hito, one) +‎ (tsuki, month).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(ひと)(つき) (hitotsuki

  1. one month
Coordinate terms[edit]
Japanese number-counter combinations for (つき) (tsuki)
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 How many?
(ひと)(つき) (hitotsuki) (ふた)(つき) (futatsuki) ()(つき) (mitsuki) ()(つき) (yotsuki) (いつ)(つき) (itsutsuki) ()(つき) (mutsuki) (なな)(つき) (nanatsuki) ()(つき) (yatsuki) (ここの)(つき) (kokonotsuki) ()(つき) (totsuki) (なん)(つき) (nantsuki)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Akira Matsumura, editor (2006) 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, editor (1998) NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 [NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK Publishing, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

一月 (irwol) (hangeul 일월)

  1. Hanja form? of 일월.

Okinawan[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
いち
Grade: 1
ぐゎち
Grade: 1
on’yomi

Cognate with mainland Japanese 一月 (ichigatsu).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(いち)(ぐゎち) (ichigwachiいちぐゎつぃ (itigwatwi)?

  1. January
  2. the first month of the lunar calendar
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
ちゅ
Grade: 1
ちち
Grade: 1
kun’yomi

Cognate with mainland Japanese 一月 (hitotsuki).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(ちゅ)(ちち) (chuchichiちゅつぃち (tyutwiti)?

  1. one month
Derived terms[edit]

Old Japanese[edit]

A user has added this entry to requests for verification(+) with the reason: “Shoki kanbun may be misinterpreted
If it cannot be verified that this term meets our attestation criteria, it will be deleted. Feel free to edit this entry as normal, but do not remove {{rfv}} until the request has been resolved.

Etymology[edit]

From (pi1to2, one) +‎ (tuki2, month).

Noun[edit]

一月 (pi1to2tuki2) (kana ひとつき)

  1. one month
    • 720, Nihon Shoki, (Emperor Keitai, twenty-fourth year of reign [c. 530 CE], ninth month in autumn):
      是二國、圖便地、淹畱弦晦、築城而還、號曰久禮牟羅
      Thus the two countries [Baekje and Silla] measured out a piece of ground, settling for a month. They built a castle, named it Kuremura-nö-Sasi, and returned home.

Descendants[edit]