正月

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Chinese[edit]

first; principal moon; month
simp. and trad.
(正月)

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/1
Initial () (23) (31)
Final () (121) (68)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Closed
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕiᴇŋ/ /ŋʉɐt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕiɛŋ/ /ŋʷiɐt̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕiæŋ/ /ŋiuɐt̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ciajŋ/ /ŋuat̚/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕiɛŋ/ /ŋiuɐt̚/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕĭɛŋ/ /ŋĭwɐt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕi̯ɛŋ/ /ŋi̯wɐt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhēng yuè
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhēng yuè
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsyeng › ‹ ngjwot ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.teŋ/ /*[ŋ]ʷat/
English 1st (month) moon, month

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/1
No. 17171 16319
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tjeŋ/ /*ŋod/
Notes

Noun[edit]

正月

  1. the first month of the Chinese lunar calendar
  2. (Xiamen Hokkien) first three days of the first month of the Chinese lunar calendar

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
しょう
Grade: 1
がつ
Grade: 1
on’yomi

Etymology[edit]

From (principal) + (month)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(しょう)(がつ) (shōgatsu

  1. January
  2. New Year

Synonyms[edit]

Coordinate terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

正月 (jeong-wol) (hangeul 정월)

  1. Hanja form? of 정월 (the first month of the traditional Korean calendar).