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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tjeŋs): phonetic  ‎(OC *tjeŋ, *tjeŋs) + semantic  ‎(action)

Han character[edit]

(radical 66 +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 一一人大 (MMOK), four-corner 18140, composition)

  1. government, political affairs

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 469, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13135
  • Dae Jaweon: page 819, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1453, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+653F

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂəŋ⁵¹/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂəŋ⁵³/
Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂəŋ⁵³/
/t͡səŋ⁵³/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂəŋ²¹/
Qingdao /tʃəŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂəŋ³¹²/
Xi'an /ʈ͡ʂəŋ⁴⁴/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂə̃²¹³/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂəŋ¹³/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂə̃n¹³/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂɤŋ²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡sən³⁵/
Chengdu /t͡sən¹³/
Guiyang /t͡sen²¹³/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂə̃¹/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂən⁴⁴/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂən⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡səŋ⁴⁵/
Pingyao /ʈ͡ʂəŋ³⁵/
Hohhot /t͡sə̃ŋ⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /t͡səŋ³⁵/
Suzhou /t͡sən⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /t͡sen⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡seŋ⁴²/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕiʌ̃³²⁴/
Tunxi /t͡ɕiɛ⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /ʈ͡ʂən⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /ʈ͡ʂən⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sɨn⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sən⁵³/
Taoyuan /tʃen⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡seŋ³³/
Nanning /t͡seŋ³³/
Hong Kong /t͡siŋ³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡siŋ²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sɛiŋ²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡seiŋ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡seŋ²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡seŋ³⁵/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (23)
Final: (121)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: zhèng
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕiᴇŋH/ /t͡ɕiɛŋH/ /t͡ɕiæŋH/ /ciajŋH/ /t͡ɕiɛŋH/ /t͡ɕĭɛŋH/ /t͡ɕi̯ɛŋH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zhèng ‹ tsyengH › /*teŋ-s/ government

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
17177 0 /*tjeŋs/

Definitions[edit]

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Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana まつりごと, romaji matsurigoto, alternative reading せい, romaji sei)

  1. rule; government

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jeong) (hangeul , revised jeong, McCune-Reischauer chŏng, Yale ceng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(chính, chiếng, chánh)

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