precept

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English[edit]

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Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Late Latin praeceptum, form of praecipiō (to teach), from Latin prae (pre-) + capiō (take).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

precept (plural precepts)

  1. A rule or principle, especially one governing personal conduct.
    • 2006: Theodore Dalrymple, The Gift of Language
      • I need hardly point out that Pinker doesn't really believe anything of what he writes, at least if example is stronger evidence of belief than precept.
    • 1891, Hale, Susan, Mexico (The Story of the Nations), volume 27, London: T. Fisher Unwin, page 80:
      He found a people in the extreme of barbarism living in caves, feeding upon the bloody flesh of animals they killed in hunting; he taught them many things, so that by his example, and for generations after he left them by his precepts, they advanced to high civilization.
  2. (law) A written command, especially a demand for payment.
  3. (Britain) An order issued by one local authority to another specifying the rate of tax to be charged on its behalf.
    1. A rate or tax set by a precept.
      • The Parish Council is financed by raising a small levy - the precept - on all residential properties within the parish. [1]

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

precept (third-person singular simple present precepts, present participle precepting, simple past and past participle precepted)

  1. (obsolete) To teach by precepts.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Francis Bacon to this entry?)

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Late Latin praeceptum, form of praecipiō (to teach), from prae (pre-) + capiō (take).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

precept f (genitive precepte)

  1. verbal noun of pridchaid
    • c. 800, Würzburg Glosses on the Pauline Epistles, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 499–712, Wb. 10d23
      Mad ar lóg pridcha-sa, .i. ar m’étiuth et mo thoschith, ním·bia fochricc dar hési mo precepte.
      If I preach for pay, that is, for my clothing and my sustenance, I shall not have a reward for my teaching.
    • c. 800, Würzburg Glosses on the Pauline Epistles, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 499–712, Wb. 21c19
      Is oc precept soscéli at·tó.
      I am preaching the gospel.

Inflection[edit]

Feminine ā-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative preceptL preceptL, preceupt preceptaH
Vocative preceptL preceptL, preceupt preceptaH
Accusative preceptN, preceupt preceptL, preceupt preceptaH
Genitive precepteH, preceptae preceptL preceptN
Dative preceptL, preceupt preceptaib preceptaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
precept phrecept precept
pronounced with /b(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]