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See also: and

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 149 +5, 12 strokes, cangjie input 卜口一卜一 (YRMYM), four-corner 01611, composition)

  1. prove, confirm, verify
  2. proof

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1152, character 27
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 35341
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1619, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3951, character 17
  • Unihan data for U+8A3C

Cantonese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This term, , is a variant form of .)

Etymology 2[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (証), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 章 (23)
Final: 清
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 之盛切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕiᴇŋH/ /t͡ɕi̯ɛŋH/ /t͡ɕiɛŋH/ /t͡ɕiɛŋH/ /ciajŋH/ /t͡ɕĭɛŋH/ /t͡ɕiæŋH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
17179 0 /*tjeŋs/

Verb[edit]

  1. (literary) to admonish

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jeong) (hangeul , revised jeong, McCune-Reischauer chŏng, Yale ceng)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(chứng, chống, chững, chừng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.