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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 87 +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 月尸木 (BSD), four-corner 20507)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 688, character 33
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 19663
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1101, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2031, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+722D

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂəŋ⁵⁵/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂəŋ⁴⁴/
Tianjin /t͡səŋ²¹/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂəŋ²¹³/
Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂəŋ²¹³/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂəŋ²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡səŋ²¹/
Xining /t͡sə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡səŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂə̃n³¹/
Ürümqi /t͡sɤŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /t͡sən⁵⁵/
Chengdu /t͡sən⁵⁵/
Guiyang /t͡sen⁵⁵/
Kunming /t͡sə̃/
Nanjing /t͡sən³¹/
Hefei /t͡sən²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡səŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡səŋ¹³/
/ʈ͡ʂʐ̩¹³/ ~氣
Hohhot /t͡sə̃ŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /t͡səŋ⁵³/
Suzhou /t͡sən⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡sen³³/
Wenzhou /t͡siɛ³³/
/d͡ziɛ³¹/
/d͡ziɛ²²/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʌ̃³¹/
/t͡sɛ³¹/
Tunxi /t͡ɕiɛ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sən³³/
Xiangtan /t͡sɔn³³/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sɑŋ⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sen⁴⁴/ 鬥~
/t͡saŋ⁴⁴/ ~食
Taoyuan /t͡sɑŋ²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sɐŋ⁵³/
/t͡saŋ⁵³/
Nanning /t͡saŋ⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡sɐŋ⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡siŋ⁵⁵/
/t͡sĩ⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡saŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡saiŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sẽ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡seŋ²³/
/t͡sɛ²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (18)
Final () (117)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ʃˠɛŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈ͡ʂᵚæŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ʃɐŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈ͡ʂəɨjŋ/
Li
Rong
/t͡ʃɛŋ/
Wang
Li
/t͡ʃæŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʈ͡ʂæŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhēng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhēng
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsrɛng ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ts]ˤreŋ/ (~ *m-tsˤreŋ or *mə- tsˤreŋ)
English strife, quarrel

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.

Verb[edit]

  1. to dispute, fight
  2. to contend
  3. to strive
  4. (Cantonese) to lack, to be missing
    佢哋廁所 [Cantonese, trad.]
    佢哋厕所 [Cantonese, simp.]
    Keoi5 dei6 gaan1 uk1 zung6 zaang1 go3 ci3 so2 mei6 zong1. [Jyutping]
    Their house still hasn't had the bathroom installed yet.
  5. (Cantonese) still have; remaining
    機場分鐘 [Cantonese, trad.]
    机场分钟 [Cantonese, simp.]
    Dou3 gei1 coeng4 zung6 zaang1 gei2 fan1 zung1. [Jyutping]
    There are still a couple minutes until we reach the airport.

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jaeng) (hangeul , revised jaeng, McCune-Reischauer chaeng, Yale cayng)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tranh, dềnh, ganh, giành, chanh, danh, dành, gianh)

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