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See also:
U+722D, 爭
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-722D

[U+722C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+722E]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 87, +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 月尸木 (BSD), four-corner 20507, composition𬺰)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 688, character 33
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 19663
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1101, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2031, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+722D

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
variant forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
爭-oracle.svg 爭-seal.svg 爭-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sʰraːŋ, *sʰreːŋ
*zraːŋ, *zreːŋ
*zraːŋ, *zreːŋ
*ʔsreːŋ
*ʔsreːŋ
*ʔsreːŋ, *zeŋʔ
*ʔsreːŋ, *zreːŋ
*ʔsreːŋs
*sʰreːŋ
*sʰreːŋ
*sʰreːŋ
*zreŋʔ
*zeŋʔ
*zeŋs

Pictogram (象形) – two hands on a plowshare.

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • zang1 - dispute, fight, etc.;
  • cang1 - to lack, to be missing.
  • Hakka
  • Min Dong
  • Note:
    • căng - vernacular;
    • cĕng - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • chiⁿ/cheⁿ - vernacular;
    • cheng/chng - literary.
  • Wu
  • Note:
    • 1tsan - vernacular;
    • 1tsen - literary.

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂəŋ⁵⁵/
    Harbin /ʈ͡ʂəŋ⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /t͡səŋ²¹/
    Jinan /ʈ͡ʂəŋ²¹³/
    Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂəŋ²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂəŋ²⁴/
    Xi'an /t͡səŋ²¹/
    Xining /t͡sə̃⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /t͡səŋ⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂə̃n³¹/
    Ürümqi /t͡sɤŋ⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /t͡sən⁵⁵/
    Chengdu /t͡sən⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /t͡sen⁵⁵/
    Kunming /t͡sə̃/
    Nanjing /t͡sən³¹/
    Hefei /t͡sən²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡səŋ¹¹/
    Pingyao /t͡səŋ¹³/
    /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩¹³/ ~氣
    Hohhot /t͡sə̃ŋ³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /t͡səŋ⁵³/
    Suzhou /t͡sən⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /t͡sen³³/
    Wenzhou /t͡siɛ³³/
    /d͡ziɛ³¹/
    /d͡ziɛ²²/
    Hui Shexian /t͡sʌ̃³¹/
    /t͡sɛ³¹/
    Tunxi /t͡ɕiɛ¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡sən³³/
    Xiangtan /t͡sɔn³³/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡sɑŋ⁴²/
    Hakka Meixian /t͡sen⁴⁴/ 鬥~
    /t͡saŋ⁴⁴/ ~食
    Taoyuan /t͡sɑŋ²⁴/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sɐŋ⁵³/
    /t͡saŋ⁵³/
    Nanning /t͡saŋ⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /t͡sɐŋ⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡siŋ⁵⁵/
    /t͡sĩ⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡saŋ⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡saiŋ⁵⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sẽ³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡seŋ²³/
    /t͡sɛ²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (18)
    Final () (117)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡ʃˠɛŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʈ͡ʂᵚæŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡ʃɐŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʈ͡ʂəɨjŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡ʃɛŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡ʃæŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʈ͡ʂæŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    zhēng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    zhēng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ tsrɛng ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ts]ˁreŋ/ (~ *m-tsˁreŋ or *mə- tsˁreŋ)
    English strife, quarrel

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 17142
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ʔsreːŋ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to dispute; to fight
    2. to contend
    3. to strive
    4. (dialectal Mandarin, Cantonese, dialectal Hakka, Jin, dialectal Min, southern Wu) to lack; to be missing; still have; remaining
      佢哋廁所 [Cantonese, trad.]
      佢哋厕所 [Cantonese, simp.]
      Keoi5 dei6 gaan1 uk1 zung6 zaang1 go3 ci3 so2 mei6 zong1. [Jyutping]
      Their house still hasn't had the bathroom installed yet.
      機場分鐘 [Cantonese, trad.]
      机场分钟 [Cantonese, simp.]
      Dou3 gei1 coeng4 zung6 zaang1 gei2 fan1 zung1. [Jyutping]
      There are still a couple minutes until we reach the airport.
    5. 25th tetragram of the Taixuanjing; "contention" (𝌞)
    Synonyms[edit]
    • (to lack): (qiàn)

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 2[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. Original form of (zhèng, “to admonish”).

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    Kanji[edit]

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. Kyūjitai form of

    Readings[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (jaeng) (hangeul , revised jaeng, McCune–Reischauer chaeng, Yale cayng)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (tranh, dềnh, ganh, giành, chanh, danh, dành, gianh)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.