owe

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English owen, from Old English āgan, from Proto-Germanic *aiganą, from Proto-Indo-European *eik- (ability, possession). See also own, ought.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

owe (third-person singular simple present owes, present participle owing, simple past and past participle owed)

  1. To be under an obligation to give something back to someone or to perform some action for someone.
  2. To have debt, to be in debt.

Usage notes[edit]

  • The original past tense form was ought, which during Middle English began to be used with indefinite signification and has become a distinct verb. The original past participle has become the adjective own.

Translations[edit]

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Anagrams[edit]