πƒπŒΊπŒΏπŒ»πŒ°πŒ½

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Gothic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *skulanΔ….

Verb[edit]

πƒπŒΊπŒΏπŒ»πŒ°πŒ½ β€’ (skulan)

  1. to owe, to be indebted
  2. to have to, to be obliged to
  3. shall, will
Conjugation[edit]
Preterite-present
Infinitive πƒπŒΊπŒΏπŒ»πŒ°πŒ½
skulan
Indicative Present Past Present passive
1st singular πƒπŒΊπŒ°πŒ»
skal
πƒπŒΊπŒΏπŒ»πŒ³πŒ°
skulda
β€”
2nd singular πƒπŒΊπŒ°πŒ»π„
skalt
πƒπŒΊπŒΏπŒ»πŒ³πŒ΄πƒ
skuldΔ“s
β€”
3rd singular πƒπŒΊπŒ°πŒ»
skal
πƒπŒΊπŒΏπŒ»πŒ³πŒ°
skulda
β€”
1st dual πƒπŒΊπŒΏπŒ»πŒΏ
skulu
πƒπŒΊπŒΏπŒ»πŒ³πŒ΄πŒ³πŒΏ
skuldΔ“du
β€”
2nd dual πƒπŒΊπŒΏπŒ»πŒΏπ„πƒ
skuluts
πƒπŒΊπŒΏπŒ»πŒ³πŒ΄πŒ³πŒΏπ„πƒ
skuldΔ“duts
β€”
1st plural πƒπŒΊπŒΏπŒ»πŒΏπŒΌ
skulum
πƒπŒΊπŒΏπŒ»πŒ³πŒ΄πŒ³πŒΏπŒΌ
skuldΔ“dum
β€”
2nd plural πƒπŒΊπŒΏπŒ»πŒΏπŒΈ
skuluΓΎ
πƒπŒΊπŒΏπŒ»πŒ³πŒ΄πŒ³πŒΏπŒΈ
skuldΔ“duΓΎ
β€”
3rd plural πƒπŒΊπŒΏπŒ»πŒΏπŒ½
skulun
πƒπŒΊπŒΏπŒ»πŒ³πŒ΄πŒ³πŒΏπŒ½
skuldΔ“dun
β€”
Subjunctive Present Past Present passive
1st singular πƒπŒΊπŒΏπŒ»πŒΎπŒ°πŒΏ
skuljau
πƒπŒΊπŒΏπŒ»πŒ³πŒ΄πŒ³πŒΎπŒ°πŒΏ
skuldΔ“djau
β€”
2nd singular πƒπŒΊπŒΏπŒ»πŒ΄πŒΉπƒ
skuleis
πƒπŒΊπŒΏπŒ»πŒ³πŒ΄πŒ³πŒ΄πŒΉπƒ
skuldΔ“deis
β€”
3rd singular πƒπŒΊπŒΏπŒ»πŒΉ
skuli
πƒπŒΊπŒΏπŒ»πŒ³πŒ΄πŒ³πŒΉ
skuldΔ“di
β€”
1st dual πƒπŒΊπŒΏπŒ»πŒ΄πŒΉπ…πŒ°
skuleiwa
πƒπŒΊπŒΏπŒ»πŒ³πŒ΄πŒ³πŒ΄πŒΉπ…πŒ°
skuldΔ“deiwa
β€”
2nd dual πƒπŒΊπŒΏπŒ»πŒ΄πŒΉπ„πƒ
skuleits
πƒπŒΊπŒΏπŒ»πŒ³πŒ΄πŒ³πŒ΄πŒΉπ„πƒ
skuldΔ“deits
β€”
1st plural πƒπŒΊπŒΏπŒ»πŒ΄πŒΉπŒΌπŒ°
skuleima
πƒπŒΊπŒΏπŒ»πŒ³πŒ΄πŒ³πŒ΄πŒΉπŒΌπŒ°
skuldΔ“deima
β€”
2nd plural πƒπŒΊπŒΏπŒ»πŒ΄πŒΉπŒΈ
skuleiΓΎ
πƒπŒΊπŒΏπŒ»πŒ³πŒ΄πŒ³πŒ΄πŒΉπŒΈ
skuldΔ“deiΓΎ
β€”
3rd plural πƒπŒΊπŒΏπŒ»πŒ΄πŒΉπŒ½πŒ°
skuleina
πƒπŒΊπŒΏπŒ»πŒ³πŒ΄πŒ³πŒ΄πŒΉπŒ½πŒ°
skuldΔ“deina
β€”
Imperative
2nd singular β€”
3rd singular β€”
2nd dual β€”
2nd plural β€”
3rd plural β€”
Present Past
Participles πƒπŒΊπŒΏπŒ»πŒ°πŒ½πŒ³πƒ
skulands
πƒπŒΊπŒΏπŒ»πŒ³πƒ
skulds