sculan

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Old English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *skulaną (to owe), from Proto-Indo-European *skel- (shall, must, owe). Cognate with Old Frisian skela, Old Saxon skulan, Old High German sculan, Old Norse skulu, Gothic 𐍃𐌺𐌿𐌻𐌰𐌽 (skulan).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

sċulan

  1. (auxiliary) should
  2. (auxiliary) must
  3. to be supposed to do something (used like "supposedly" or "they say...")
  4. (transitive) to owe
  5. (auxiliary) will (indicating the future)

Conjugation[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Middle English: schulen

Old Saxon[edit]

Verb[edit]

sculan

  1. Alternative spelling of skulan